Bash Shortcuts

Command Control Shortcuts

Shortcut Description
Ctrl + l clear the screen
Ctrl + s stops the output to the screen (for long running verbose command)
Ctrl + q allow output to the screen (if previously stopped using command above)
Ctrl + c terminate the command
Ctrl + z suspend/stop the command

Command Recall Shortcuts

Shortcut Description
Ctrl + r search the history backwards
Ctrl + g escape from history searching mode
Ctrl + p previous command in history (i.e. walk back through the command history)
Ctrl + n next command in history (i.e. walk forward through the command history)
Alt + . use the last word of the previous command

Command Editing Shortcuts

Shortcut Description
Ctrl + a go to the start of the command line
Ctrl + e go to the end of the command line
Ctrl + k delete from cursor to the end of the command line
Ctrl + u delete from cursor to the start of the command line
Ctrl + w delete from cursor to start of word (i.e. delete backwards one word)
Ctrl + y paste word or text that was cut using one of the deletion shortcuts (such as the one above) after the cursor
Ctrl + xx move between start of command line and current cursor position (and back again)
Alt + b move backward one word (or go to start of word the cursor is currently on)
Alt + f move forward one word (or go to end of word the cursor is currently on)
Alt + d delete to end of word starting at cursor (whole word if cursor is at the beginning of word)
Alt + c capitalize to end of word starting at cursor (whole word if cursor is at the beginning of word)
Alt + u make uppercase from cursor to end of word
Alt + l make lowercase from cursor to end of word
Alt + t swap current word with previous
Ctrl + f move forward one character
Ctrl + b move backward one character
Ctrl + d delete character under the cursor
Ctrl + h delete character before the cursor
Ctrl + t swap character under cursor with the previous one

Bash Bang (!) Commands

Shortcut Description
!! run last command
!blah run the most recent command that starts with ‘blah’ (e.g. !ls)
!blah:p print out the command that !blah would run (also adds it as the latest command in the command history)
!$ the last word of the previous command (same as Alt + .)
!$:p print out the word that !$ would substitute
!* the previous command except for the last word (e.g. if you type ‘find some_file.txt /‘, then !* would give you ‘find some_file.txt‘)
!*:p print out what !* would substitute