PostgreSQL 10.13 (upcoming) commit log

Fix bugs in gin_fuzzy_search_limit processing.

commit   : 44c763fe993013d44404116872780e1acdfa8988    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Fri, 3 Apr 2020 13:15:30 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Fri, 3 Apr 2020 13:15:30 -0400    

Click here for diff

entryGetItem()'s three code paths each contained bugs associated  
with filtering the entries for gin_fuzzy_search_limit.  
  
The posting-tree path failed to advance "advancePast" after having  
decided to filter an item.  If we ran out of items on the current  
page and needed to advance to the next, what would actually happen  
is that entryLoadMoreItems() would re-load the same page.  Eventually,  
the random dropItem() test would accept one of the same items it'd  
previously rejected, and we'd move on --- but it could take awhile  
with small gin_fuzzy_search_limit.  To add insult to injury, this  
case would inevitably cause entryLoadMoreItems() to decide it needed  
to re-descend from the root, making things even slower.  
  
The posting-list path failed to implement gin_fuzzy_search_limit  
filtering at all, so that all entries in the posting list would  
be returned.  
  
The bitmap-result path used a "gotitem" variable that it failed to  
update in the one place where it'd actually make a difference, ie  
at the one "continue" statement.  I think this was unreachable in  
practice, because if we'd looped around then it shouldn't be the  
case that the entries on the new page are before advancePast.  
Still, the "gotitem" variable was contributing nothing to either  
clarity or correctness, so get rid of it.  
  
Refactor all three loops so that the termination conditions are  
more alike and less unreadable.  
  
The code coverage report showed that we had no coverage at all for  
the re-descend-from-root code path in entryLoadMoreItems(), which  
seems like a very bad thing, so add a test case that exercises it.  
We also had exactly no coverage for gin_fuzzy_search_limit, so add a  
simplistic test case that at least hits those code paths a little bit.  
  
Back-patch to all supported branches.  
  
Adé Heyward and Tom Lane  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/CAEknJCdS-dE1Heddptm7ay2xTbSeADbkaQ8bU2AXRCVC2LdtKQ@mail.gmail.com  

M src/backend/access/gin/ginget.c
M src/test/regress/expected/gin.out
M src/test/regress/sql/gin.sql

Fix bogus CALLED_AS_TRIGGER() defenses.

commit   : 85f0d470380902c8c62d0165c349c82d81c3e056    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Fri, 3 Apr 2020 11:24:56 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Fri, 3 Apr 2020 11:24:56 -0400    

Click here for diff

contrib/lo's lo_manage() thought it could use  
trigdata->tg_trigger->tgname in its error message about  
not being called as a trigger.  That naturally led to a core dump.  
  
unique_key_recheck() figured it could Assert that fcinfo->context  
is a TriggerData node in advance of having checked that it's  
being called as a trigger.  That's harmless in production builds,  
and perhaps not that easy to reach in any case, but it's logically  
wrong.  
  
The first of these per bug #16340 from William Crowell;  
the second from manual inspection of other CALLED_AS_TRIGGER  
call sites.  
  
Back-patch the lo.c change to all supported branches, the  
other to v10 where the thinko crept in.  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/16340-591c7449dc7c8c47@postgresql.org  

M contrib/lo/lo.c
M src/backend/commands/constraint.c

doc: remove unnecessary INNER keyword

commit   : de7561f7d87df7dff8c6b29ac0d6435795d42372    
  
author   : Bruce Momjian <bruce@momjian.us>    
date     : Thu, 2 Apr 2020 17:42:09 -0400    
  
committer: Bruce Momjian <bruce@momjian.us>    
date     : Thu, 2 Apr 2020 17:42:09 -0400    

Click here for diff

A join that was added in commit 9b2009c4cf that did not use the INNER  
keyword but the existing query used it.  It was cleaner to remove the  
existing INNER keyword.  
  
Reported-by: Peter Eisentraut  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/a1ffbfda-59d2-5732-e5fb-3df8582b6434@2ndquadrant.com  
  
Backpatch-through: 9.5  

M doc/src/sgml/pgbuffercache.sgml

commit   : 8a043d8673289c2a0c6256fc15cc641bb91c5674    
  
author   : Bruce Momjian <bruce@momjian.us>    
date     : Thu, 2 Apr 2020 17:27:43 -0400    
  
committer: Bruce Momjian <bruce@momjian.us>    
date     : Thu, 2 Apr 2020 17:27:43 -0400    

Click here for diff

Reported-by: Peter Eisentraut  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/750b8832-d123-7f9b-931e-43ce8321b2d7@2ndquadrant.com  
  
Backpatch-through: 9.5  

M doc/src/sgml/func.sgml

psql: do file completion for \gx

commit   : a936012d6b2c9b05b856b3fc936fb2ac6af09164    
  
author   : Bruce Momjian <bruce@momjian.us>    
date     : Tue, 31 Mar 2020 23:01:33 -0400    
  
committer: Bruce Momjian <bruce@momjian.us>    
date     : Tue, 31 Mar 2020 23:01:33 -0400    

Click here for diff

This was missed when the feature was added.  
  
Reported-by: Vik Fearing  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/eca20529-0b06-b493-ee38-f071a75dcd5b@postgresfriends.org  
  
Backpatch-through: 10  

M src/bin/psql/tab-complete.c

makefile: use proper linker flags for C++ compiles

commit   : f1e8362aefc866a6f75b6b41edccd03d51235d17    
  
author   : Bruce Momjian <bruce@momjian.us>    
date     : Tue, 31 Mar 2020 22:26:11 -0400    
  
committer: Bruce Momjian <bruce@momjian.us>    
date     : Tue, 31 Mar 2020 22:26:11 -0400    

Click here for diff

Add CFLAGS_SL flags for C++ compiles, which adds needed -fPIC linker  
flag.  
  
Reported-by: Oleksii Kliukin  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/E4A49A6B-621B-4830-A374-970EBB7D1328@hintbits.com  
  
Backpatch-through: 10 only  

M src/Makefile.shlib

doc: remove mention of bitwise operators as solely type-limited

commit   : 67427a159b0b5d9091ace90990950a926e46cc89    
  
author   : Bruce Momjian <bruce@momjian.us>    
date     : Tue, 31 Mar 2020 18:44:29 -0400    
  
committer: Bruce Momjian <bruce@momjian.us>    
date     : Tue, 31 Mar 2020 18:44:29 -0400    

Click here for diff

There are other operators that have limited number data type support, so  
just remove the sentence.  
  
Reported-by: Sergei Agalakov  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/158032651854.19851.16261832706661813796@wrigleys.postgresql.org  
  
Backpatch-through: 9.5  

M doc/src/sgml/func.sgml

doc: clarify hierarchy of objects: global, db, schema, etc.

commit   : 4bd53803ef73b43124693e4a96e973e9329b8361    
  
author   : Bruce Momjian <bruce@momjian.us>    
date     : Tue, 31 Mar 2020 18:10:39 -0400    
  
committer: Bruce Momjian <bruce@momjian.us>    
date     : Tue, 31 Mar 2020 18:10:39 -0400    

Click here for diff

The previous wording was confusing because it wasn't in decreasing order  
and had to backtrack.  Also clarify role/user wording.  
  
Reported-by: jbird@nuna.com  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/158057750885.1123.2806779262588618988@wrigleys.postgresql.org  
  
Backpatch-through: 9.5  

M doc/src/sgml/ddl.sgml
M doc/src/sgml/manage-ag.sgml

doc: restore wording from recent patch "rolled back to"

commit   : b9d94670c1d9b9a6604bb5cd80f77e93aee4e776    
  
author   : Bruce Momjian <bruce@momjian.us>    
date     : Tue, 31 Mar 2020 17:52:48 -0400    
  
committer: Bruce Momjian <bruce@momjian.us>    
date     : Tue, 31 Mar 2020 17:52:48 -0400    

Click here for diff

Reported-by: Tom Lane  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/31072.1585690490@sss.pgh.pa.us  
  
Backpatch-through: 9.5 - 12  

M doc/src/sgml/mvcc.sgml

doc: clarify when row-level locks are released

commit   : 5e6a44e47f738373b686ad1b0bf8bcb40c6058c0    
  
author   : Bruce Momjian <bruce@momjian.us>    
date     : Tue, 31 Mar 2020 17:27:32 -0400    
  
committer: Bruce Momjian <bruce@momjian.us>    
date     : Tue, 31 Mar 2020 17:27:32 -0400    

Click here for diff

They are released just like table-level locks.  Also clean up wording.  
  
Reported-by: me@sillymon.ch  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/158074944048.1095.4309647363871637715@wrigleys.postgresql.org  
  
Backpatch-through: 9.5  

M doc/src/sgml/mvcc.sgml

doc: add namespace column to pg_buffercache example query

commit   : 7c8fb4a5e229547882db0577aacc85c18803f8bd    
  
author   : Bruce Momjian <bruce@momjian.us>    
date     : Tue, 31 Mar 2020 17:16:33 -0400    
  
committer: Bruce Momjian <bruce@momjian.us>    
date     : Tue, 31 Mar 2020 17:16:33 -0400    

Click here for diff

Without the namespace, the table name could be ambiguous.  
  
Reported-by: adunham@arbormetrix.com  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/158155175140.23798.2189464781144503491@wrigleys.postgresql.org  
  
Backpatch-through: 9.5  

M doc/src/sgml/pgbuffercache.sgml

doc: clarify which table creation is used for inheritance part.

commit   : 690e4648719183b0527b6c20a87798e5bd6282e4    
  
author   : Bruce Momjian <bruce@momjian.us>    
date     : Tue, 31 Mar 2020 17:07:43 -0400    
  
committer: Bruce Momjian <bruce@momjian.us>    
date     : Tue, 31 Mar 2020 17:07:43 -0400    

Click here for diff

Previously people might assume that the partition syntax version of  
CREATE TABLE is to be used for the inheritance partition table example;  
mention that the non-partitioned version should be used.  
  
Reported-by: mib@nic.at  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/158089540905.1098.15071165437284409576@wrigleys.postgresql.org  
  
Backpatch-through: 10  

M doc/src/sgml/ddl.sgml

doc: adjust UPDATE/DELETE's FROM/USING to match SELECT's FROM

commit   : b8c651b75b2133d843b4fbbd52254b55792339cd    
  
author   : Bruce Momjian <bruce@momjian.us>    
date     : Tue, 31 Mar 2020 16:31:44 -0400    
  
committer: Bruce Momjian <bruce@momjian.us>    
date     : Tue, 31 Mar 2020 16:31:44 -0400    

Click here for diff

Previously the syntax and wording were unclear.  
  
Reported-by: Alexey Bashtanov  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/968d4724-8e58-788f-7c45-f7b1813824cc@imap.cc  
  
Backpatch-through: 9.5  

M doc/src/sgml/ref/delete.sgml
M doc/src/sgml/ref/update.sgml

Teach pg_ls_dir_files() to ignore ENOENT failures from stat().

commit   : 83f7761d84e6b9879decd223b0e172afcb1426d8    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Tue, 31 Mar 2020 12:57:55 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Tue, 31 Mar 2020 12:57:55 -0400    

Click here for diff

Buildfarm experience shows that this function can fail with ENOENT  
if some other process unlinks a file between when we read the directory  
entry and when we try to stat() it.  The problem is old but we had  
not noticed it until 085b6b667 added regression test coverage.  
  
To fix, just ignore ENOENT failures.  There is one other case that  
this might hide: a symlink that points to nowhere.  That seems okay  
though, at least better than erroring.  
  
Back-patch to v10 where this function was added, since the regression  
test cases were too.  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/20200308173103.GC1357@telsasoft.com  

M src/backend/utils/adt/genfile.c

Back-patch addition of stack overflow and interrupt checks for lquery.

commit   : 8b902e438608c2ef7d3875a74a81e66735fab358    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Tue, 31 Mar 2020 11:37:44 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Tue, 31 Mar 2020 11:37:44 -0400    

Click here for diff

Experimentation shows that it's not hard at all to drive the  
old implementation of "ltree ~ lquery" match to stack overflow,  
so throw in a check_stack_depth() call, as I just did in HEAD.  
  
I wasn't able to make it take a long time, because all the  
pathological cases I tried hit stack overflow first; but  
I bet there are some others that do take a long time, so add  
CHECK_FOR_INTERRUPTS() too.  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/CAP_rww=waX2Oo6q+MbMSiZ9ktdj6eaJj0cQzNu=Ry2cCDij5fw@mail.gmail.com  

M contrib/ltree/lquery_op.c

Be more careful about extracting encoding from locale strings on Windows.

commit   : d59e83cf5925620703a32cc40f9f75bbb90956e8    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Mon, 30 Mar 2020 11:14:58 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Mon, 30 Mar 2020 11:14:58 -0400    

Click here for diff

GetLocaleInfoEx() can fail on strings that setlocale() was perfectly  
happy with.  A common way for that to happen is if the locale string  
is actually a Unix-style string, say "et_EE.UTF-8".  In that case,  
what's after the dot is an encoding name, not a Windows codepage number;  
blindly treating it as a codepage number led to failure, with a fairly  
silly error message.  Hence, check to see if what's after the dot is  
all digits, and if not, treat it as a literal encoding name rather than  
a codepage number.  This will do the right thing with many Unix-style  
locale strings, and produce a more sensible error message otherwise.  
  
Somewhat independently of that, treat a zero (CP_ACP) result from  
GetLocaleInfoEx() as meaning that we must use UTF-8 encoding.  
  
Back-patch to all supported branches.  
  
Juan José Santamaría Flecha  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/24905.1585445371@sss.pgh.pa.us  

M src/port/chklocale.c

Doc: correct misstatement about ltree label maximum length.

commit   : e4e07cca5a8a86bedcd874a6f674550407d35555    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Sun, 29 Mar 2020 18:54:19 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Sun, 29 Mar 2020 18:54:19 -0400    

Click here for diff

The documentation says that the max length is 255 bytes, but  
code inspection says it's actually 255 characters; and relevant  
lengths are stored as uint16 so that that works.  

M doc/src/sgml/ltree.sgml

Protect against overflow of ltree.numlevel and lquery.numlevel.

commit   : 2618ac6c6535171f4993a38e3410955e1c2a2073    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Sat, 28 Mar 2020 17:09:51 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Sat, 28 Mar 2020 17:09:51 -0400    

Click here for diff

These uint16 fields could be overflowed by excessively long input,  
producing strange results.  Complain for invalid input.  
  
Likewise check for out-of-range values of the repeat counts in lquery.  
(We don't try too hard on that one, notably not bothering to detect  
if atoi's result has overflowed.)  
  
Also detect length overflow in ltree_concat.  
  
In passing, be more consistent about whether "syntax error" messages  
include the type name.  Also, clarify the documentation about what  
the size limit is.  
  
This has been broken for a long time, so back-patch to all supported  
branches.  
  
Nikita Glukhov, reviewed by Benjie Gillam and Tomas Vondra  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/CAP_rww=waX2Oo6q+MbMSiZ9ktdj6eaJj0cQzNu=Ry2cCDij5fw@mail.gmail.com  

M contrib/ltree/expected/ltree.out
M contrib/ltree/ltree.h
M contrib/ltree/ltree_io.c
M contrib/ltree/ltree_op.c
M contrib/ltree/sql/ltree.sql
M doc/src/sgml/ltree.sgml

Ensure snapshot is registered within ScanPgRelation().

commit   : a0e2a178c6409db195e8e902e4ac279ad60777cb    
  
author   : Andres Freund <andres@anarazel.de>    
date     : Sat, 28 Mar 2020 11:52:11 -0700    
  
committer: Andres Freund <andres@anarazel.de>    
date     : Sat, 28 Mar 2020 11:52:11 -0700    

Click here for diff

In 9.4 I added support to use a historical snapshot in  
ScanPgRelation(), while adding logical decoding. Unfortunately a  
conflict with the concurrent removal of SnapshotNow was incorrectly  
resolved, leading to an unregistered snapshot being used.  
  
It is not correct to use an unregistered (or non-active) snapshot for  
anything non-trivial, because catalog invalidations can cause the  
snapshot to be invalidated.  
  
Luckily it seems unlikely to actively cause problems in practice, as  
ScanPgRelation() requires that we already have a lock on the relation,  
we only look for a single row, and we don't appear to rely on the  
result's tid to be correct. It however is clearly wrong and potential  
negative consequences would likely be hard to find. So it seems worth  
backpatching the fix, even without a concrete hazard.  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/20200229052459.wzhqnbhrriezg4v2@alap3.anarazel.de  
Backpatch: 9.5-  

M src/backend/utils/cache/relcache.c

Ensure that plpgsql cleans up cleanly during parallel-worker exit.

commit   : 42d3649b58f4bd5f06b5e20c24439a9d72bc45b6    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Thu, 26 Mar 2020 18:06:55 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Thu, 26 Mar 2020 18:06:55 -0400    

Click here for diff

plpgsql_xact_cb ought to treat events XACT_EVENT_PARALLEL_COMMIT and  
XACT_EVENT_PARALLEL_ABORT like XACT_EVENT_COMMIT and XACT_EVENT_ABORT  
respectively, since its goal is to do process-local cleanup.  This  
oversight caused plpgsql's end-of-transaction cleanup to not get done  
in parallel workers.  Since a parallel worker will exit just after the  
transaction cleanup, the effects of this are limited.  I couldn't find  
any case in the core code with user-visible effects, but perhaps there  
are some in extensions.  In any case it's wrong, so let's fix it before  
it bites us not after.  
  
In passing, add some comments around the handling of expression  
evaluation resources in DO blocks.  There's no live bug there, but it's  
quite unobvious what's happening; at least I thought so.  This isn't  
related to the other issue, except that I found both things while poking  
at expression-evaluation performance.  
  
Back-patch the plpgsql_xact_cb fix to 9.5 where those event types  
were introduced, and the DO-block commentary to v11 where DO blocks  
gained the ability to issue COMMIT/ROLLBACK.  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/10353.1585247879@sss.pgh.pa.us  

M src/pl/plpgsql/src/pl_exec.c

Drop slot's LWLock before returning from SaveSlotToPath()

commit   : f36a10434a31bdf6298071c1ddf8d151d103d9fa    
  
author   : Peter Eisentraut <peter@eisentraut.org>    
date     : Thu, 26 Mar 2020 11:51:39 +0100    
  
committer: Peter Eisentraut <peter@eisentraut.org>    
date     : Thu, 26 Mar 2020 11:51:39 +0100    

Click here for diff

When SaveSlotToPath() is called with elevel=LOG, the early exits didn't  
release the slot's io_in_progress_lock.  
  
This could result in a walsender being stuck on the lock forever.  A  
possible way to get into this situation is if the offending code paths  
are triggered in a low disk space situation.  
  
Author: Pavan Deolasee <pavan.deolasee@2ndquadrant.com>  
Reported-by: Craig Ringer <craig@2ndquadrant.com>  
Discussion: https://www.postgresql.org/message-id/flat/56a138c5-de61-f553-7e8f-6789296de785%402ndquadrant.com  

M src/backend/replication/slot.c

Add regression tests for constraint errors in partitioned tables.

commit   : 2060999a4d6e4b946a3f032bdd3df1c55ac855b3    
  
author   : Andres Freund <andres@anarazel.de>    
date     : Mon, 23 Mar 2020 14:24:06 -0700    
  
committer: Andres Freund <andres@anarazel.de>    
date     : Mon, 23 Mar 2020 14:24:06 -0700    

Click here for diff

While #16293 only applied to 11 (and 10 to some degree), it seems best  
to add tests to all branches with partitioning support.  
  
Reported-By: Daniel WM  
Author: Andres Freund  
Bug: #16293  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/16293-26f5777d10143a66@postgresql.org  
Backpatch: 10-  

M src/test/regress/expected/inherit.out
M src/test/regress/sql/inherit.sql

Fix potential crash after constraint violation errors in partitioned tables.

commit   : 44170a58092d74913779181392015c9994a2dfc3    
  
author   : Andres Freund <andres@anarazel.de>    
date     : Mon, 23 Mar 2020 13:57:43 -0700    
  
committer: Andres Freund <andres@anarazel.de>    
date     : Mon, 23 Mar 2020 13:57:43 -0700    

Click here for diff

During the reporting of constraint violations for partitioned tables,  
ExecPartitionCheckEmitError(), ExecConstraints(),  
ExecWithCheckOptions() set the slot descriptor of the input slot to  
the root partition's tuple desc.  That's generally problematic when  
the slot could be used by other routines, but can cause crashes after  
the introduction of slots with "fixed" tuple descriptors in  
ad7dbee368a.  
  
The problem likely escaped detection so far for two reasons: First,  
currently the only known way that these routines are used with a  
partitioned table that is not "owned" by partitioning code is when  
"fast defaults" are used for the child partition. Second, as an error  
is raised afterwards, an "external" slot that had its descriptor  
changed, is very unlikely to continue being used.  
  
Even though the issue currently is only known to cause a crash for  
11 (as that has both fast defaults and "fixed" slot descriptors), it  
seems worth applying the fix to 10 too. Potentially changing random  
slots is hazardous.  
  
Regression tests will be added in a separate commit, as it seems best  
to add them for master and 12 too.  
  
Reported-By: Daniel WM  
Author: Andres Freund  
Bug: #16293  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/16293-26f5777d10143a66@postgresql.org  
Backpatch: 11, 10 only  

M src/backend/executor/execMain.c

Doc: explain that LIKE et al can be used in ANY (sub-select) etc.

commit   : a7500cce1ef27a319b3d88d9466f71539c187966    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Mon, 23 Mar 2020 12:42:15 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Mon, 23 Mar 2020 12:42:15 -0400    

Click here for diff

This wasn't stated anywhere, and it's perhaps not that obvious,  
since we get questions about it from time to time.  Also undocumented  
was that the parser actually translates these into operators.  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/CAFj8pRBkvZ71BqGKZnBBG4=0cKG+s50Dy+DYmrizUKEpAtdc+w@mail.gmail.com  

M doc/src/sgml/func.sgml

Fix our getopt_long's behavior for a command line argument of just "-".

commit   : ef7d6d79af43b168caf3ecc5847dcf47032b2253    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Mon, 23 Mar 2020 11:58:01 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Mon, 23 Mar 2020 11:58:01 -0400    

Click here for diff

src/port/getopt_long.c failed on such an argument, always seeing it  
as an unrecognized switch.  This is unhelpful; better is to treat such  
an item as a non-switch argument.  That behavior is what we find in  
GNU's getopt_long(); it's what src/port/getopt.c does; and it is  
required by POSIX for getopt(), which getopt_long() ought to be  
generally a superset of.  Moreover, it's expected by ecpg, which  
intends an argument of "-" to mean "read from stdin".  So fix it.  
  
Also add some documentation about ecpg's behavior in this area, since  
that was miserably underdocumented.  I had to reverse-engineer it  
from the code.  
  
Per bug #16304 from James Gray.  Back-patch to all supported branches,  
since this has been broken forever.  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/16304-c662b00a1322db7f@postgresql.org  

M doc/src/sgml/ref/ecpg-ref.sgml
M src/port/getopt_long.c

Doc: Fix type of some storage parameters in CREATE TABLE page

commit   : 48f57efa49a735873afd3921c67117b8722b75a8    
  
author   : Michael Paquier <michael@paquier.xyz>    
date     : Mon, 23 Mar 2020 13:38:20 +0900    
  
committer: Michael Paquier <michael@paquier.xyz>    
date     : Mon, 23 Mar 2020 13:38:20 +0900    

Click here for diff

autovacuum_vacuum_scale_factor and autovacuum_analyze_scale_factor have  
been documented as "float4", but "floating type" is used in this case  
for GUCs and relation options in the documentation.  
  
Author: Atsushi Torikoshi  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/CACZ0uYFf_p9BpbjLccx3CA=eM1Hk2Te=ULY4iptGLUhL-JxCPA@mail.gmail.com  
Backpatch-through: 9.5  

M doc/src/sgml/ref/create_table.sgml

Revert "Skip WAL for new relfilenodes, under wal_level=minimal."

commit   : 0a6c9c66da26751322d90f75c872c350376cf55e    
  
author   : Noah Misch <noah@leadboat.com>    
date     : Sun, 22 Mar 2020 09:24:09 -0700    
  
committer: Noah Misch <noah@leadboat.com>    
date     : Sun, 22 Mar 2020 09:24:09 -0700    

Click here for diff

This reverts commit cb2fd7eac285b1b0a24eeb2b8ed4456b66c5a09f.  Per  
numerous buildfarm members, it was incompatible with parallel query, and  
a test case assumed LP64.  Back-patch to 9.5 (all supported versions).  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/20200321224920.GB1763544@rfd.leadboat.com  

M doc/src/sgml/config.sgml
M doc/src/sgml/perform.sgml
M src/backend/access/gist/gistbuild.c
M src/backend/access/gist/gistutil.c
M src/backend/access/gist/gistxlog.c
M src/backend/access/heap/heapam.c
M src/backend/access/heap/rewriteheap.c
M src/backend/access/nbtree/nbtsort.c
M src/backend/access/rmgrdesc/gistdesc.c
M src/backend/access/transam/README
M src/backend/access/transam/xact.c
M src/backend/access/transam/xlogutils.c
M src/backend/bootstrap/bootparse.y
M src/backend/catalog/storage.c
M src/backend/commands/cluster.c
M src/backend/commands/copy.c
M src/backend/commands/createas.c
M src/backend/commands/matview.c
M src/backend/commands/tablecmds.c
M src/backend/nodes/copyfuncs.c
M src/backend/nodes/equalfuncs.c
M src/backend/nodes/outfuncs.c
M src/backend/parser/gram.y
M src/backend/parser/parse_utilcmd.c
M src/backend/storage/buffer/bufmgr.c
M src/backend/storage/lmgr/lock.c
M src/backend/storage/smgr/md.c
M src/backend/storage/smgr/smgr.c
M src/backend/utils/cache/relcache.c
M src/backend/utils/misc/guc.c
M src/backend/utils/misc/postgresql.conf.sample
M src/include/access/gist_private.h
M src/include/access/gistxlog.h
M src/include/access/heapam.h
M src/include/access/rewriteheap.h
M src/include/catalog/storage.h
M src/include/nodes/parsenodes.h
M src/include/storage/bufmgr.h
M src/include/storage/lock.h
M src/include/storage/smgr.h
M src/include/utils/rel.h
M src/include/utils/relcache.h
D src/test/recovery/t/018_wal_optimize.pl
M src/test/regress/expected/alter_table.out
M src/test/regress/expected/create_table.out
M src/test/regress/sql/alter_table.sql
M src/test/regress/sql/create_table.sql

Skip WAL for new relfilenodes, under wal_level=minimal.

commit   : 9d6215205e5afe3062294c081dec4c9c41a12a5b    
  
author   : Noah Misch <noah@leadboat.com>    
date     : Sat, 21 Mar 2020 09:38:26 -0700    
  
committer: Noah Misch <noah@leadboat.com>    
date     : Sat, 21 Mar 2020 09:38:26 -0700    

Click here for diff

Until now, only selected bulk operations (e.g. COPY) did this.  If a  
given relfilenode received both a WAL-skipping COPY and a WAL-logged  
operation (e.g. INSERT), recovery could lose tuples from the COPY.  See  
src/backend/access/transam/README section "Skipping WAL for New  
RelFileNode" for the new coding rules.  Maintainers of table access  
methods should examine that section.  
  
To maintain data durability, just before commit, we choose between an  
fsync of the relfilenode and copying its contents to WAL.  A new GUC,  
wal_skip_threshold, guides that choice.  If this change slows a workload  
that creates small, permanent relfilenodes under wal_level=minimal, try  
adjusting wal_skip_threshold.  Users setting a timeout on COMMIT may  
need to adjust that timeout, and log_min_duration_statement analysis  
will reflect time consumption moving to COMMIT from commands like COPY.  
  
Internally, this requires a reliable determination of whether  
RollbackAndReleaseCurrentSubTransaction() would unlink a relation's  
current relfilenode.  Introduce rd_firstRelfilenodeSubid.  Amend the  
specification of rd_createSubid such that the field is zero when a new  
rel has an old rd_node.  Make relcache.c retain entries for certain  
dropped relations until end of transaction.  
  
Back-patch to 9.5 (all supported versions).  This introduces a new WAL  
record type, XLOG_GIST_ASSIGN_LSN, without bumping XLOG_PAGE_MAGIC.  As  
always, update standby systems before master systems.  This changes  
sizeof(RelationData) and sizeof(IndexStmt), breaking binary  
compatibility for affected extensions.  (The most recent commit to  
affect the same class of extensions was  
089e4d405d0f3b94c74a2c6a54357a84a681754b.)  
  
Kyotaro Horiguchi, reviewed (in earlier, similar versions) by Robert  
Haas.  Heikki Linnakangas and Michael Paquier implemented earlier  
designs that materially clarified the problem.  Reviewed, in earlier  
designs, by Andrew Dunstan, Andres Freund, Alvaro Herrera, Tom Lane,  
Fujii Masao, and Simon Riggs.  Reported by Martijn van Oosterhout.  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/20150702220524.GA9392@svana.org  

M doc/src/sgml/config.sgml
M doc/src/sgml/perform.sgml
M src/backend/access/gist/gistbuild.c
M src/backend/access/gist/gistutil.c
M src/backend/access/gist/gistxlog.c
M src/backend/access/heap/heapam.c
M src/backend/access/heap/rewriteheap.c
M src/backend/access/nbtree/nbtsort.c
M src/backend/access/rmgrdesc/gistdesc.c
M src/backend/access/transam/README
M src/backend/access/transam/xact.c
M src/backend/access/transam/xlogutils.c
M src/backend/bootstrap/bootparse.y
M src/backend/catalog/storage.c
M src/backend/commands/cluster.c
M src/backend/commands/copy.c
M src/backend/commands/createas.c
M src/backend/commands/matview.c
M src/backend/commands/tablecmds.c
M src/backend/nodes/copyfuncs.c
M src/backend/nodes/equalfuncs.c
M src/backend/nodes/outfuncs.c
M src/backend/parser/gram.y
M src/backend/parser/parse_utilcmd.c
M src/backend/storage/buffer/bufmgr.c
M src/backend/storage/lmgr/lock.c
M src/backend/storage/smgr/md.c
M src/backend/storage/smgr/smgr.c
M src/backend/utils/cache/relcache.c
M src/backend/utils/misc/guc.c
M src/backend/utils/misc/postgresql.conf.sample
M src/include/access/gist_private.h
M src/include/access/gistxlog.h
M src/include/access/heapam.h
M src/include/access/rewriteheap.h
M src/include/catalog/storage.h
M src/include/nodes/parsenodes.h
M src/include/storage/bufmgr.h
M src/include/storage/lock.h
M src/include/storage/smgr.h
M src/include/utils/rel.h
M src/include/utils/relcache.h
A src/test/recovery/t/018_wal_optimize.pl
M src/test/regress/expected/alter_table.out
M src/test/regress/expected/create_table.out
M src/test/regress/sql/alter_table.sql
M src/test/regress/sql/create_table.sql

Back-patch log_newpage_range().

commit   : 43434ed94d80b4a181d5d9dc6bda585a9267eb1e    
  
author   : Noah Misch <noah@leadboat.com>    
date     : Sat, 21 Mar 2020 09:38:33 -0700    
  
committer: Noah Misch <noah@leadboat.com>    
date     : Sat, 21 Mar 2020 09:38:33 -0700    

Click here for diff

Back-patch a subset of commit 9155580fd5fc2a0cbb23376dfca7cd21f59c2c7b  
to v11, v10, 9.6, and 9.5.  Include the latest repairs to this function.  
Use a new XLOG_FPI_MULTI value instead of reusing XLOG_FPI.  That way,  
if an older server reads WAL from this function, that server will PANIC  
instead of applying just one page of the record.  The next commit adds a  
call to this function.  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/20200304.162919.898938381201316571.horikyota.ntt@gmail.com  

M src/backend/access/rmgrdesc/xlogdesc.c
M src/backend/access/transam/xlog.c
M src/backend/access/transam/xloginsert.c
M src/backend/replication/logical/decode.c
M src/include/access/xloginsert.h
M src/include/catalog/pg_control.h

During heap rebuild, lock any TOAST index until end of transaction.

commit   : 78a34c68920a544292d54f60af561c267b95f64d    
  
author   : Noah Misch <noah@leadboat.com>    
date     : Sat, 21 Mar 2020 09:38:26 -0700    
  
committer: Noah Misch <noah@leadboat.com>    
date     : Sat, 21 Mar 2020 09:38:26 -0700    

Click here for diff

swap_relation_files() calls toast_get_valid_index() to find and lock  
this index, just before swapping with the rebuilt TOAST index.  The  
latter function releases the lock before returning.  Potential for  
mischief is low; a concurrent session can issue ALTER INDEX ... SET  
(fillfactor = ...), which is not alarming.  Nonetheless, changing  
pg_class.relfilenode without a lock is unconventional.  Back-patch to  
9.5 (all supported versions), because another fix needs this.  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/20191226001521.GA1772687@rfd.leadboat.com  

M src/backend/access/heap/tuptoaster.c
M src/backend/commands/cluster.c

Fix cosmetic blemishes involving rd_createSubid.

commit   : 40348680003d637e2068fd4981216f51bff8762b    
  
author   : Noah Misch <noah@leadboat.com>    
date     : Sat, 21 Mar 2020 09:38:26 -0700    
  
committer: Noah Misch <noah@leadboat.com>    
date     : Sat, 21 Mar 2020 09:38:26 -0700    

Click here for diff

Remove an obsolete comment from AtEOXact_cleanup().  Restore formatting  
of a comment in struct RelationData, mangled by the pgindent run in  
commit 9af4159fce6654aa0e081b00d02bca40b978745c.  Back-patch to 9.5 (all  
supported versions), because another fix stacks on this.  

M src/backend/utils/cache/relcache.c
M src/include/utils/rel.h

docs: use alias in WHERE clause of full text search example

commit   : 514aca63ea565b23756282bd6c77eb30fc9398b7    
  
author   : Bruce Momjian <bruce@momjian.us>    
date     : Fri, 20 Mar 2020 20:19:32 -0400    
  
committer: Bruce Momjian <bruce@momjian.us>    
date     : Fri, 20 Mar 2020 20:19:32 -0400    

Click here for diff

The current doc query specified an alias in the FROM clause and used in  
it the target list, but not in the WHERE clause.  
  
Reported-by: axykon@gmail.com  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/158316348159.30450.16075357948244298217@wrigleys.postgresql.org  
  
Backpatch-through: 9.5  

M doc/src/sgml/textsearch.sgml

Turn off deprecated bison warnings under MSVC

commit   : 3163349fd7fe0115b021bfa1fbe4990143957814    
  
author   : Andrew Dunstan <andrew@dunslane.net>    
date     : Fri, 20 Mar 2020 13:55:15 -0400    
  
committer: Andrew Dunstan <andrew@dunslane.net>    
date     : Fri, 20 Mar 2020 13:55:15 -0400    

Click here for diff

These are disabled by the configure code, so this is just fixing an  
inconsistency in the MSVC code.  
  
Backpatch to all live branches.  

M src/tools/msvc/pgbison.pl

pg_upgrade: make get_major_server_version() err msg consistent

commit   : c9c042dded8792913a0387bd7e9a0d8f7be00978    
  
author   : Bruce Momjian <bruce@momjian.us>    
date     : Thu, 19 Mar 2020 15:20:55 -0400    
  
committer: Bruce Momjian <bruce@momjian.us>    
date     : Thu, 19 Mar 2020 15:20:55 -0400    

Click here for diff

This patch fixes the error message in get_major_server_version() to be  
"could not parse version file", and uses the full file path name, rather  
than just the data directory path.  
  
Also, commit 4109bb5de4 added the cause of the failure to the  "could  
not open" error message, and improved quoting.  This patch backpatches  
the "could not open" cause to PG 12, where it was first widely used, and  
backpatches the quoting fix in that patch to all supported releases.  
  
Reported-by: Tom Lane  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/87pne2w98h.fsf@wibble.ilmari.org  
  
Author: Dagfinn Ilmari Mannsåker  
  
Backpatch-through: 9.5  

M src/bin/pg_upgrade/server.c

commit   : f4efb46d2230ef19165fec78b5c41a78cf6e1213    
  
author   : Fujii Masao <fujii@postgresql.org>    
date     : Wed, 18 Mar 2020 23:07:17 +0900    
  
committer: Fujii Masao <fujii@postgresql.org>    
date     : Wed, 18 Mar 2020 23:07:17 +0900    

Click here for diff

This commit corrects the descriptions of RecoveryWalAll and RecoveryWalStream  
wait events in the documentation.  
  
Back-patch to v10 where those wait events were added.  
  
Author: Fujii Masao  
Reviewed-by: Kyotaro Horiguchi, Atsushi Torikoshi  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/124997ee-096a-5d09-d8da-2c7a57d0816e@oss.nttdata.com  

M doc/src/sgml/monitoring.sgml

Add missing errcode() in a few ereport calls.

commit   : 569f9354bb438520296790aee27960634e3465f8    
  
author   : Amit Kapila <akapila@postgresql.org>    
date     : Wed, 18 Mar 2020 09:46:52 +0530    
  
committer: Amit Kapila <akapila@postgresql.org>    
date     : Wed, 18 Mar 2020 09:46:52 +0530    

Click here for diff

This will allow to specifying SQLSTATE error code for the errors in the  
missing places.  
  
Reported-by: Sawada Masahiko  
Author: Sawada Masahiko  
Backpatch-through: 9.5  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/CA+fd4k6N8EjNvZpM8nme+y+05mz-SM8Z_BgkixzkA34R+ej0Kw@mail.gmail.com  

M contrib/adminpack/adminpack.c
M src/backend/storage/page/bufpage.c

Doc: clarify behavior of "anyrange" pseudo-type.

commit   : 3c871d1ead20e6744403e2180d704dd09fd8c2d6    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Tue, 17 Mar 2020 15:05:17 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Tue, 17 Mar 2020 15:05:17 -0400    

Click here for diff

I noticed that we completely failed to document the restriction  
that an "anyrange" result type has to be inferred from an "anyrange"  
input.  The docs also were less clear than they could be about the  
relationship between "anyrange" and "anyarray".  
  
It's been like this all along, so back-patch.  

M doc/src/sgml/extend.sgml

Use pkg-config, if available, to locate libxml2 during configure.

commit   : d67d7243f914f99bd1103f811efd320c987db2bc    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Tue, 17 Mar 2020 12:09:27 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Tue, 17 Mar 2020 12:09:27 -0400    

Click here for diff

If pkg-config is installed and knows about libxml2, use its information  
rather than asking xml2-config.  Otherwise proceed as before.  This  
patch allows "configure --with-libxml" to succeed on platforms that  
have pkg-config but not xml2-config, which is likely to soon become  
a typical situation.  
  
The old mechanism can be forced by setting XML2_CONFIG explicitly  
(hence, build processes that were already doing so will certainly  
not need adjustment).  Also, it's now possible to set XML2_CFLAGS  
and XML2_LIBS explicitly to override both programs.  
  
There is a small risk of this breaking existing build processes,  
if there are multiple libxml2 installations on the machine and  
pkg-config disagrees with xml2-config about which to use.  The  
only case where that seems really likely is if a builder has tried  
to select a non-default xml2-config by putting it early in his PATH  
rather than setting XML2_CONFIG.  Plan to warn against that in the  
minor release notes.  
  
Back-patch to v10; before that we had no pkg-config infrastructure,  
and it doesn't seem worth adding it for this.  
  
Hugh McMaster and Tom Lane; Peter Eisentraut also made an earlier  
attempt at this, from which I lifted most of the docs changes.  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/CAN9BcdvfUwc9Yx5015bLH2TOiQ-M+t_NADBSPhMF7dZ=pLa_iw@mail.gmail.com  

M configure
M configure.in
M doc/src/sgml/installation.sgml

Avoid holding a directory FD open across assorted SRF calls.

commit   : 5e4a0b7194b9b53eeedc718fde1430eb649b8b62    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Mon, 16 Mar 2020 21:05:29 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Mon, 16 Mar 2020 21:05:29 -0400    

Click here for diff

This extends the fixes made in commit 085b6b667 to other SRFs with the  
same bug, namely pg_logdir_ls(), pgrowlocks(), pg_timezone_names(),  
pg_ls_dir(), and pg_tablespace_databases().  
  
Also adjust various comments and documentation to warn against  
expecting to clean up resources during a ValuePerCall SRF's final  
call.  
  
Back-patch to all supported branches, since these functions were  
all born broken.  
  
Justin Pryzby, with cosmetic tweaks by me  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/20200308173103.GC1357@telsasoft.com  

M contrib/adminpack/adminpack.c
M contrib/pgrowlocks/pgrowlocks.c
M doc/src/sgml/xfunc.sgml
M src/backend/utils/adt/datetime.c
M src/backend/utils/adt/genfile.c
M src/backend/utils/adt/misc.c
M src/backend/utils/fmgr/README
M src/include/funcapi.h
M src/test/regress/expected/misc_functions.out
M src/test/regress/sql/misc_functions.sql

Plug memory leak

commit   : c6b75b3f14fd4ff973ad3d2e2cfe42b5639bd101    
  
author   : Alvaro Herrera <alvherre@alvh.no-ip.org>    
date     : Mon, 16 Mar 2020 16:27:13 -0300    
  
committer: Alvaro Herrera <alvherre@alvh.no-ip.org>    
date     : Mon, 16 Mar 2020 16:27:13 -0300    

Click here for diff

Introduced by b08dee24a557.  Noted by Coverity.  

M src/bin/pg_dump/pg_dump.c

C comment: correct commented bytes of max_cached_tuplebufs

commit   : 170679216d225d979daf2651f2bf73bc08ffdd26    
  
author   : Bruce Momjian <bruce@momjian.us>    
date     : Sat, 14 Mar 2020 17:36:54 -0400    
  
committer: Bruce Momjian <bruce@momjian.us>    
date     : Sat, 14 Mar 2020 17:36:54 -0400    

Click here for diff

The comment said ~8MB, but it is actually ~64MB.  
  
Reported-by: Kuntal Ghosh  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/CAGz5QC+GGmHdnxp04B6wcLz2Zcd_HU+wCBrsPyOZP62-BJghig@mail.gmail.com  
  
Backpatch-through: 9.5-10  

M src/backend/replication/logical/reorderbuffer.c

Restructure polymorphic-type resolution in funcapi.c.

commit   : 61d14971dade445cca407660609793dfdb727538    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Sat, 14 Mar 2020 14:42:22 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Sat, 14 Mar 2020 14:42:22 -0400    

Click here for diff

resolve_polymorphic_tupdesc() and resolve_polymorphic_argtypes() failed to  
cover the case of having to resolve anyarray given only an anyrange input.  
The bug was masked if anyelement was also used (as either input or  
output), which probably helps account for our not having noticed.  
  
While looking at this I noticed that resolve_generic_type() would produce  
the wrong answer if asked to make that same resolution.  ISTM that  
resolve_generic_type() is confusingly defined and overly complex, so  
rather than fix it, let's just make funcapi.c do the specific lookups  
it requires for itself.  
  
With this change, resolve_generic_type() is not used anywhere, so remove  
it in HEAD.  In the back branches, leave it alone (complete with bug)  
just in case any external code is using it.  
  
While we're here, make some other refactoring adjustments in funcapi.c  
with an eye to upcoming future expansion of the set of polymorphic types:  
  
* Simplify quick-exit tests by adding an overall have_polymorphic_result  
flag.  This is about a wash now but will be a win when there are more  
flags.  
  
* Reduce duplication of code between resolve_polymorphic_tupdesc() and  
resolve_polymorphic_argtypes().  
  
* Don't bother to validate correct matching of anynonarray or anyenum;  
the parser should have done that, and even if it didn't, just doing  
"return false" here would lead to a very confusing, off-point error  
message.  (Really, "return false" in these two functions should only  
occur if the call_expr isn't supplied or we can't obtain data type  
info from it.)  
  
* For the same reason, throw an elog rather than "return false" if  
we fail to resolve a polymorphic type.  
  
The bug's been there since we added anyrange, so back-patch to  
all supported branches.  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/6093.1584202130@sss.pgh.pa.us  

M src/backend/utils/fmgr/funcapi.c
M src/test/regress/expected/rangetypes.out
M src/test/regress/sql/rangetypes.sql

Doc: fix mistaken reference to "PG_ARGNULL_xxx()" macro.

commit   : 00f38866f7e966ac4c48c6b027e2666c3ab29398    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Fri, 13 Mar 2020 12:49:10 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Fri, 13 Mar 2020 12:49:10 -0400    

Click here for diff

This should of course be just "PG_ARGISNULL()".  
  
Also reorder a couple of paras to make the discussion of PG_ARGISNULL  
less disjointed.  
  
Back-patch to v10 where the error was introduced.  
  
Laurenz Albe and Tom Lane, per an anonymous docs comment  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/158399487096.5708.10696365251766477013@wrigleys.postgresql.org  

M doc/src/sgml/xfunc.sgml

Preserve replica identity index across ALTER TABLE rewrite

commit   : 02530da73f0438f7c2073267de6fe2be84f592d7    
  
author   : Peter Eisentraut <peter@eisentraut.org>    
date     : Fri, 13 Mar 2020 11:28:11 +0100    
  
committer: Peter Eisentraut <peter@eisentraut.org>    
date     : Fri, 13 Mar 2020 11:28:11 +0100    

Click here for diff

If an index was explicitly set as replica identity index, this setting  
was lost when a table was rewritten by ALTER TABLE.  Because this  
setting is part of pg_index but actually controlled by ALTER  
TABLE (not part of CREATE INDEX, say), we have to do some extra work  
to restore it.  
  
Based-on-patch-by: Quan Zongliang <quanzongliang@gmail.com>  
Reviewed-by: Euler Taveira <euler.taveira@2ndquadrant.com>  
Discussion: https://www.postgresql.org/message-id/flat/c70fcab2-4866-0d9f-1d01-e75e189db342@gmail.com  

M src/backend/commands/tablecmds.c
M src/backend/utils/cache/lsyscache.c
M src/include/utils/lsyscache.h
M src/test/regress/expected/replica_identity.out
M src/test/regress/sql/replica_identity.sql

Fix nextXid tracking bug on standbys (9.5-11 only).

commit   : 05e0aff58446203d01dfc16717866df769e4e25e    
  
author   : Thomas Munro <tmunro@postgresql.org>    
date     : Thu, 12 Mar 2020 18:06:54 +1300    
  
committer: Thomas Munro <tmunro@postgresql.org>    
date     : Thu, 12 Mar 2020 18:06:54 +1300    

Click here for diff

RecordKnownAssignedTransactionIds() should never move  
nextXid backwards.  Before this commit, that could happen  
if some other code path had advanced it without advancing  
latestObservedXid.  
  
One consequence is that a well timed XLOG_CHECKPOINT_ONLINE  
could cause hot standby feedback messages to get confused  
and report an xmin from a future epoch, potentially allowing  
vacuum to run too soon on the primary.  
  
Repair, by making sure RecordKnownAssignedTransactionIds()  
can only move nextXid forwards.  
  
In release 12 and master, this was already done by commit  
2fc7af5e, which consolidated similar code and straightened  
out this bug.  Back-patch to supported releases before that.  
  
Author: Eka Palamadai <ekanatha@amazon.com>  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/98BB4805-D0A2-48E1-96F4-15014313EADC@amazon.com  

M src/backend/storage/ipc/procarray.c

Fix test case instability introduced in 085b6b667.

commit   : 064e029e60a516dea6566652d729419a51294ac2    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Wed, 11 Mar 2020 18:23:57 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Wed, 11 Mar 2020 18:23:57 -0400    

Click here for diff

I forgot that the WAL directory might hold other files besides WAL  
segments, notably including new segments still being filled.  
That means a blind test for the first file's size being 16MB can  
fail.  Restrict based on file name length to make it more robust.  
  
Per buildfarm.  

M src/test/regress/expected/misc_functions.out
M src/test/regress/sql/misc_functions.sql

Add pg_dump support for ALTER obj DEPENDS ON EXTENSION

commit   : d04e342ba404171c706f96e501865fe0d5f6b1e5    
  
author   : Alvaro Herrera <alvherre@alvh.no-ip.org>    
date     : Wed, 11 Mar 2020 16:54:54 -0300    
  
committer: Alvaro Herrera <alvherre@alvh.no-ip.org>    
date     : Wed, 11 Mar 2020 16:54:54 -0300    

Click here for diff

pg_dump is oblivious to this kind of dependency, so they're lost on  
dump/restores (and pg_upgrade).  Have pg_dump emit ALTER lines so that  
they're preserved.  Add some pg_dump tests for the whole thing, also.  
  
Reviewed-by: Tom Lane (offlist)  
Reviewed-by: Ibrar Ahmed  
Reviewed-by: Ahsan Hadi (who also reviewed commit 899a04f5ed61)  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/20200217225333.GA30974@alvherre.pgsql  

M src/bin/pg_dump/common.c
M src/bin/pg_dump/pg_dump.c
M src/bin/pg_dump/pg_dump.h
M src/test/modules/test_pg_dump/t/001_base.pl

Avoid holding a directory FD open across pg_ls_dir_files() calls.

commit   : 05283dd5b5792b094b8211d46fef1082d411e679    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Wed, 11 Mar 2020 15:28:00 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Wed, 11 Mar 2020 15:28:00 -0400    

Click here for diff

This coding technique is undesirable because (a) it leaks the FD for  
the rest of the transaction if the SRF is not run to completion, and  
(b) allocated FDs are a scarce resource, but multiple interleaved  
uses of the relevant functions could eat many such FDs.  
  
In v11 and later, a query such as "SELECT pg_ls_waldir() LIMIT 1"  
yields a warning about the leaked FD, and the only reason there's  
no warning in earlier branches is that fd.c didn't whine about such  
leaks before commit 9cb7db3f0.  Even disregarding the warning, it  
wouldn't be too hard to run a backend out of FDs with careless use  
of these SQL functions.  
  
Hence, rewrite the function so that it reads the directory within  
a single call, returning the results as a tuplestore rather than  
via value-per-call mode.  
  
There are half a dozen other built-in SRFs with similar problems,  
but let's fix this one to start with, just to see if the buildfarm  
finds anything wrong with the code.  
  
In passing, fix bogus error report for stat() failure: it was  
whining about the directory when it should be fingering the  
individual file.  Doubtless a copy-and-paste error.  
  
Back-patch to v10 where this function was added.  
  
Justin Pryzby, with cosmetic tweaks and test cases by me  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/20200308173103.GC1357@telsasoft.com  

M src/backend/utils/adt/genfile.c
M src/test/regress/expected/misc_functions.out
M src/test/regress/sql/misc_functions.sql

Avoid duplicates in ALTER ... DEPENDS ON EXTENSION

commit   : 3dfd2d6cd28a125edc4761eaefaa1193f111459d    
  
author   : Alvaro Herrera <alvherre@alvh.no-ip.org>    
date     : Wed, 11 Mar 2020 11:04:59 -0300    
  
committer: Alvaro Herrera <alvherre@alvh.no-ip.org>    
date     : Wed, 11 Mar 2020 11:04:59 -0300    

Click here for diff

If the command is attempted for an extension that the object already  
depends on, silently do nothing.  
  
In particular, this means that if a database containing multiple such  
entries is dumped, the restore will silently do the right thing and  
record just the first one.  (At least, in a world where pg_dump does  
dump such entries -- which it doesn't currently, but it will.)  
  
Backpatch to 9.6, where this kind of dependency was introduced.  
  
Reviewed-by: Ibrar Ahmed, Tom Lane (offlist)  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/20200217225333.GA30974@alvherre.pgsql  

M src/backend/catalog/pg_depend.c
M src/backend/commands/alter.c
M src/include/catalog/dependency.h
M src/test/modules/test_extensions/expected/test_extdepend.out
M src/test/modules/test_extensions/sql/test_extdepend.sql

Fix pg_dump/pg_restore to restore event triggers later.

commit   : 475b061c867557499559227d743b332c257033a3    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Mon, 9 Mar 2020 14:58:11 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Mon, 9 Mar 2020 14:58:11 -0400    

Click here for diff

Previously, event triggers were restored just after regular triggers  
(and FK constraints, which are basically triggers).  This is risky  
since an event trigger, once installed, could interfere with subsequent  
restore commands.  Worse, because event triggers don't have any  
particular dependencies on any post-data objects, a parallel restore  
would consider them eligible to be restored the moment the post-data  
phase starts, allowing them to also interfere with restoration of a  
whole bunch of objects that would have been restored before them in  
a serial restore.  There's no way to completely remove the risk of a  
misguided event trigger breaking the restore, since if nothing else  
it could break other event triggers.  But we can certainly push them  
to later in the process to minimize the hazard.  
  
To fix, tweak the RestorePass mechanism introduced by commit 3eb9a5e7c  
so that event triggers are handled as part of the post-ACL processing  
pass (renaming the "REFRESH" pass to "POST_ACL" to reflect its more  
general use).  This will cause them to restore after everything except  
matview refreshes, which seems OK since matview refreshes really ought  
to run in the post-restore state of the database.  In a parallel  
restore, event triggers and matview refreshes might be intermixed,  
but that seems all right as well.  
  
Also update the code and comments in pg_dump_sort.c so that its idea  
of how things are sorted agrees with what actually happens due to  
the RestorePass mechanism.  This is mostly cosmetic: it'll affect the  
order of objects in a dump's TOC, but not the actual restore order.  
But not changing that would be quite confusing to somebody reading  
the code.  
  
Back-patch to all supported branches.  
  
Fabrízio de Royes Mello, tweaked a bit by me  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/CAFcNs+ow1hmFox8P--3GSdtwz-S3Binb6ZmoP6Vk+Xg=K6eZNA@mail.gmail.com  

M src/bin/pg_dump/pg_backup_archiver.c
M src/bin/pg_dump/pg_backup_archiver.h
M src/bin/pg_dump/pg_dump_sort.c

Fix bug that causes to report waiting in PS display twice, in hot standby.

commit   : e9c4eaacdd555c19ded1bdd8c03718eb33b7c3b6    
  
author   : Fujii Masao <fujii@postgresql.org>    
date     : Tue, 10 Mar 2020 00:14:43 +0900    
  
committer: Fujii Masao <fujii@postgresql.org>    
date     : Tue, 10 Mar 2020 00:14:43 +0900    

Click here for diff

Previously "waiting" could appear twice via PS in case of lock conflict  
in hot standby mode. Specifically this issue happend when the delay  
in WAL application determined by max_standby_archive_delay and  
max_standby_streaming_delay had passed but it took more than 500 msec  
to cancel all the conflicting transactions. Especially we can observe this  
easily by setting those delay parameters to -1.  
  
The cause of this issue was that WaitOnLock() and  
ResolveRecoveryConflictWithVirtualXIDs() added "waiting" to  
the process title in that case. This commit prevents  
ResolveRecoveryConflictWithVirtualXIDs() from reporting waiting  
in case of lock conflict, to fix the bug.  
  
Back-patch to all back branches.  
  
Author: Masahiko Sawada  
Reviewed-by: Fujii Masao  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/CA+fd4k4mXWTwfQLS3RPwGr4xnfAEs1ysFfgYHvmmoUgv6Zxvmg@mail.gmail.com  

M src/backend/storage/ipc/standby.c

Avoid assertion failure with targeted recovery in standby mode.

commit   : b366e51729bb98506769b4f62bc3cf753d156464    
  
author   : Fujii Masao <fujii@postgresql.org>    
date     : Mon, 9 Mar 2020 15:31:31 +0900    
  
committer: Fujii Masao <fujii@postgresql.org>    
date     : Mon, 9 Mar 2020 15:31:31 +0900    

Click here for diff

At the end of recovery, standby mode is turned off to re-fetch the last  
valid record from archive or pg_wal. Previously, if recovery target was  
reached and standby mode was turned off while the current WAL source  
was stream, recovery could try to retrieve WAL file containing the last  
valid record unexpectedly from stream even though not in standby mode.  
This caused an assertion failure. That is, the assertion test confirms that  
WAL file should not be retrieved from stream if standby mode is not true.  
  
This commit moves back the current WAL source to archive if it's stream  
even though not in standby mode, to avoid that assertion failure.  
  
This issue doesn't cause the server to crash when built with assertion  
disabled. In this case, the attempt to retrieve WAL file from stream not  
in standby mode just fails. And then recovery tries to retrieve WAL file  
from archive or pg_wal.  
  
Back-patch to all supported branches.  
  
Author: Kyotaro Horiguchi  
Reviewed-by: Fujii Masao  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/20200227.124830.2197604521555566121.horikyota.ntt@gmail.com  

M src/backend/access/transam/xlog.c

Fix typo

commit   : 5c2e2a2227ea60fbd7518ba357c2c0193fa62fea    
  
author   : Peter Eisentraut <peter@eisentraut.org>    
date     : Sat, 7 Mar 2020 08:51:59 +0100    
  
committer: Peter Eisentraut <peter@eisentraut.org>    
date     : Sat, 7 Mar 2020 08:51:59 +0100    

Click here for diff

M src/backend/catalog/objectaddress.c

Fix the name of the first WAL segment file, in docs.

commit   : 7a00f50ea63175447b7621bb94e8341bf1c34a9c    
  
author   : Fujii Masao <fujii@postgresql.org>    
date     : Tue, 3 Mar 2020 12:22:04 +0900    
  
committer: Fujii Masao <fujii@postgresql.org>    
date     : Tue, 3 Mar 2020 12:22:04 +0900    

Click here for diff

Previously the documentation explains that WAL segment files  
start at 000000010000000000000000. But the first WAL segment file  
that initdb creates is 000000010000000000000001 not  
000000010000000000000000. This change was caused by old  
commit 8c843fff2d, but the documentation had not been updated  
a long time.  
  
Back-patch to all supported branches.  
  
Author: Fujii Masao  
Reviewed-by: David Zhang  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/CAHGQGwHOmGe2OqGOmp8cOfNVDivq7dbV74L5nUGr+3eVd2CU2Q@mail.gmail.com  

M doc/src/sgml/wal.sgml

Doc: correct thinko in pg_buffercache documentation.

commit   : e2ff91b4c36c582c695a69864dd7b4c988202bfe    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Fri, 28 Feb 2020 11:29:59 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Fri, 28 Feb 2020 11:29:59 -0500    

Click here for diff

Access to this module is granted to the pg_monitor role, not  
pg_read_all_stats.  (Given the view's performance impact,  
it seems wise to be restrictive, so I think this was the  
correct decision --- and anyway it was clearly intentional.)  
  
Per bug #16279 from Philip Semanchuk.  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/16279-fcaac33c68aab0ab@postgresql.org  

M doc/src/sgml/pgbuffercache.sgml

createdb: Fix quoting of --encoding, --lc-ctype and --lc-collate

commit   : 240c7c75f3a9946509c9c6f9f5062b56cec627ae    
  
author   : Michael Paquier <michael@paquier.xyz>    
date     : Thu, 27 Feb 2020 11:21:14 +0900    
  
committer: Michael Paquier <michael@paquier.xyz>    
date     : Thu, 27 Feb 2020 11:21:14 +0900    

Click here for diff

The original coding failed to properly quote those arguments, leading to  
failures when using quotes in the values used.  As the quoting can be  
encoding-sensitive, the connection to the backend needs to be taken  
before applying the correct quoting.  
  
Author: Michael Paquier  
Reviewed-by: Daniel Gustafsson  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/20200214041004.GB1998@paquier.xyz  
Backpatch-through: 9.5  

M src/bin/scripts/createdb.c

Doc: discourage use of partial indexes for poor-man's-partitioning.

commit   : 1de4a823f9dea3bdc2dba2fe0b9b90c06cfd6fbb    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Wed, 19 Feb 2020 18:52:18 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Wed, 19 Feb 2020 18:52:18 -0500    

Click here for diff

Creating a bunch of non-overlapping partial indexes is generally  
a bad idea, so add an example saying not to do that.  
  
Back-patch to v10.  Before that, the alternative of using (real)  
partitioning wasn't available, so that the tradeoff isn't quite  
so clear cut.  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/CAKVFrvFY-f7kgwMRMiPLbPYMmgjc8Y2jjUGK_Y0HVcYAmU6ymg@mail.gmail.com  

M doc/src/sgml/indices.sgml

Fix typo

commit   : 7d8346b2f42fc7311ccac08870c21a9763c43824    
  
author   : Peter Eisentraut <peter@eisentraut.org>    
date     : Wed, 19 Feb 2020 20:52:42 +0100    
  
committer: Peter Eisentraut <peter@eisentraut.org>    
date     : Wed, 19 Feb 2020 20:52:42 +0100    

Click here for diff

Reported-by: Daniel Verite <daniel@manitou-mail.org>  

M src/common/unicode_norm.c

Fix confusion about event trigger vs. plain function in plpgsql.

commit   : 6af63cf8c0b905f5c20cecff03b30ef52594e5f9    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Wed, 19 Feb 2020 14:44:58 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Wed, 19 Feb 2020 14:44:58 -0500    

Click here for diff

The function hash table keys made by compute_function_hashkey() failed  
to distinguish event-trigger call context from regular call context.  
This meant that once we'd successfully made a hash entry for an event  
trigger (either by validation, or by normal use as an event trigger),  
an attempt to call the trigger function as a plain function would  
find this hash entry and thereby bypass the you-can't-do-that check in  
do_compile().  Thus we'd attempt to execute the function, leading to  
strange errors or even crashes, depending on function contents and  
server version.  
  
To fix, add an isEventTrigger field to PLpgSQL_func_hashkey,  
paralleling the longstanding infrastructure for regular triggers.  
This fits into what had been pad space, so there's no risk of an ABI  
break, even assuming that any third-party code is looking at these  
hash keys.  (I considered replacing isTrigger with a PLpgSQL_trigtype  
enum field, but felt that that carried some API/ABI risk.  Maybe we  
should change it in HEAD though.)  
  
Per bug #16266 from Alexander Lakhin.  This has been broken since  
event triggers were invented, so back-patch to all supported branches.  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/16266-fcd7f838e97ba5d4@postgresql.org  

M src/pl/plpgsql/src/pl_comp.c
M src/pl/plpgsql/src/plpgsql.h
M src/test/regress/expected/event_trigger.out
M src/test/regress/sql/event_trigger.sql

Fix mesurement of elapsed time during truncating heap in VACUUM.

commit   : 79f344d52bd51611bff655a97a89c62118aaa5ee    
  
author   : Fujii Masao <fujii@postgresql.org>    
date     : Wed, 19 Feb 2020 20:37:26 +0900    
  
committer: Fujii Masao <fujii@postgresql.org>    
date     : Wed, 19 Feb 2020 20:37:26 +0900    

Click here for diff

VACUUM may truncate heap in several batches. The activity report  
is logged for each batch, and contains the number of pages in the table  
before and after the truncation, and also the elapsed time during  
the truncation. Previously the elapsed time reported in each batch was  
the total elapsed time since starting the truncation until finishing  
each batch. For example, if the truncation was processed dividing into  
three batches, the second batch reported the accumulated time elapsed  
during both first and second batches. This is strange and confusing  
because the number of pages in the table reported together is not  
total. Instead, each batch should report the time elapsed during  
only that batch.  
  
The cause of this issue was that the resource usage snapshot was  
initialized only at the beginning of the truncation and was never  
reset later. This commit fixes the issue by changing VACUUM so that  
the resource usage snapshot is reset at each batch.  
  
Back-patch to all supported branches.  
  
Reported-by: Tatsuhito Kasahara  
Author: Tatsuhito Kasahara  
Reviewed-by: Masahiko Sawada, Fujii Masao  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/CAP0=ZVJsf=NvQuy+QXQZ7B=ZVLoDV_JzsVC1FRsF1G18i3zMGg@mail.gmail.com  

M src/backend/commands/vacuumlazy.c

Stop demanding that top xact must be seen before subxact in decoding.

commit   : b448aa44170b6f67fdb34d4a85610949f15cef96    
  
author   : Amit Kapila <akapila@postgresql.org>    
date     : Wed, 12 Feb 2020 12:00:01 +0530    
  
committer: Amit Kapila <akapila@postgresql.org>    
date     : Wed, 12 Feb 2020 12:00:01 +0530    

Click here for diff

Manifested as  
  
ERROR:  subtransaction logged without previous top-level txn record  
  
this check forbids legit behaviours like  
 - First xl_xact_assignment record is beyond reading, i.e. earlier  
   restart_lsn.  
 - After restart_lsn there is some change of a subxact.  
 - After that, there is second xl_xact_assignment (for another subxact)  
   revealing the relationship between top and first subxact.  
  
Such a transaction won't be streamed anyway because we hadn't seen it in  
full.  Saying for sure whether xact of some record encountered after  
the snapshot was deserialized can be streamed or not requires to know  
whether it wrote something before deserialization point --if yes, it  
hasn't been seen in full and can't be decoded. Snapshot doesn't have such  
info, so there is no easy way to relax the check.  
  
Reported-by: Hsu, John  
Diagnosed-by: Arseny Sher  
Author: Arseny Sher, Amit Kapila  
Reviewed-by: Amit Kapila, Dilip Kumar  
Backpatch-through: 9.5  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/AB5978B2-1772-4FEE-A245-74C91704ECB0@amazon.com  

M contrib/test_decoding/Makefile
A contrib/test_decoding/expected/subxact_without_top.out
A contrib/test_decoding/specs/subxact_without_top.spec
M src/backend/replication/logical/reorderbuffer.c

Teach pg_dump to dump comments on RLS policy objects.

commit   : f9d7bb68da30b9b91e7ac440103a3e5ddeaf412a    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Mon, 17 Feb 2020 18:40:02 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Mon, 17 Feb 2020 18:40:02 -0500    

Click here for diff

This was unaccountably omitted in the original RLS patch.  
The SQL syntax is basically the same as for comments on triggers,  
so crib code from dumpTrigger().  
  
Per report from Marc Munro.  Back-patch to all supported branches.  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/1581889298.18009.15.camel@bloodnok.com  

M src/bin/pg_dump/pg_dump.c

Add description about LogicalRewriteTruncate wait event into document.

commit   : 1beab076cefe70d90f839583e880bb97af1fa6f5    
  
author   : Fujii Masao <fujii@postgresql.org>    
date     : Mon, 17 Feb 2020 15:33:32 +0900    
  
committer: Fujii Masao <fujii@postgresql.org>    
date     : Mon, 17 Feb 2020 15:33:32 +0900    

Click here for diff

Back-patch to v10 where commit 249cf070e3 introduced  
LogicalRewriteTruncate wait event.  
  
Author: Fujii Masao  
Reviewed-by: Michael Paquier  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/949931aa-4ed4-d867-a7b5-de9c02b2292b@oss.nttdata.com  

M doc/src/sgml/monitoring.sgml

Doc: fix old oversights in GRANT/REVOKE documentation.

commit   : a56c495873c8a507534c3a98217664d2684497a5    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Wed, 12 Feb 2020 14:13:13 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Wed, 12 Feb 2020 14:13:13 -0500    

Click here for diff

The GRANTED BY clause in GRANT/REVOKE ROLE has been there since 2005  
but was never documented.  I'm not sure now whether that was just an  
oversight or was intentional (given the limited capability of the  
option).  But seeing that pg_dumpall does emit code that uses this  
option, it seems like not documenting it at all is a bad idea.  
  
Also, when we upgraded the syntax to allow CURRENT_USER/SESSION_USER  
as the privilege recipient, the role form of GRANT was incorrectly  
not modified to show that, and REVOKE's docs weren't touched at all.  
  
Although I'm not that excited about GRANTED BY, the other oversight  
seems serious enough to justify a back-patch.  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/3070.1581526786@sss.pgh.pa.us  

M doc/src/sgml/ref/grant.sgml
M doc/src/sgml/ref/revoke.sgml

Document the pg_upgrade -j/--jobs option as taking an argument

commit   : 9193627732da5ac6b773b242ce0be8ce7e0031ab    
  
author   : Peter Eisentraut <peter@eisentraut.org>    
date     : Tue, 11 Feb 2020 23:47:36 +0100    
  
committer: Peter Eisentraut <peter@eisentraut.org>    
date     : Tue, 11 Feb 2020 23:47:36 +0100    

Click here for diff

M doc/src/sgml/ref/pgupgrade.sgml
M src/bin/pg_upgrade/option.c