PostgreSQL 9.2.8 commit log

Stamp 9.2.8.

commit   : f07692e1906c5f78d4dc4f777ade31cbfdb0069e    
author   : Tom Lane <>    
date     : Mon, 17 Mar 2014 15:36:46 -0400    
committer: Tom Lane <>    
date     : Mon, 17 Mar 2014 15:36:46 -0400    

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M configure
M doc/bug.template
M src/include/pg_config.h.win32
M src/interfaces/libpq/
M src/port/win32ver.rc

Release notes for 9.3.4, 9.2.8, 9.1.13, 9.0.17, 8.4.21.

commit   : 00e063a23277a8aa2fcf522baec394b2846dcafb    
author   : Tom Lane <>    
date     : Mon, 17 Mar 2014 15:28:29 -0400    
committer: Tom Lane <>    
date     : Mon, 17 Mar 2014 15:28:29 -0400    

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M doc/src/sgml/release-8.4.sgml
M doc/src/sgml/release-9.0.sgml
M doc/src/sgml/release-9.1.sgml
M doc/src/sgml/release-9.2.sgml

Fix bug in clean shutdown of walsender that pg_receiving is connecting to.

commit   : 7899aa356a06181dfa4f958ea2f7276ec7253da1    
author   : Fujii Masao <>    
date     : Mon, 17 Mar 2014 20:41:52 +0900    
committer: Fujii Masao <>    
date     : Mon, 17 Mar 2014 20:41:52 +0900    

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On clean shutdown, walsender waits for all WAL to be replicated to a standby,  
and exits. It determined whether that replication had been completed by  
checking whether its sent location had been equal to a standby's flush  
location. Unfortunately this condition never becomes true when the standby  
such as pg_receivexlog which always returns an invalid flush location is  
connecting to walsender, and then walsender waits forever.  
This commit changes walsender so that it just checks a standby's write  
location if a flush location is invalid.  
Back-patch to 9.1 where enough infrastructure for this exists.  

M src/backend/replication/walsender.c

plperl: Fix memory leak in hek2cstr

commit   : ba5946e8696e9629e77cc1e9c2c8bc722798a0a0    
author   : Alvaro Herrera <>    
date     : Sun, 16 Mar 2014 23:22:22 -0300    
committer: Alvaro Herrera <>    
date     : Sun, 16 Mar 2014 23:22:22 -0300    

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Backpatch all the way back to 9.1, where it was introduced by commit  
Reported by Sergey Burladyan in #9223  
Author: Alex Hunsaker  

M src/pl/plperl/plperl.c

Translation updates

commit   : 3205d6b24e60eb7e7d2749b9447d5df98a6d84b9    
author   : Peter Eisentraut <>    
date     : Sun, 16 Mar 2014 21:43:13 -0400    
committer: Peter Eisentraut <>    
date     : Sun, 16 Mar 2014 21:43:13 -0400    

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M src/backend/po/fr.po
M src/backend/po/pt_BR.po

Fix unportable shell-script syntax in pg_upgrade's

commit   : d24d6691930e5f3a95e9daece2f299a076c80c15    
author   : Tom Lane <>    
date     : Sun, 16 Mar 2014 21:55:10 -0400    
committer: Tom Lane <>    
date     : Sun, 16 Mar 2014 21:55:10 -0400    

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I discovered the hard way that on some old shells, the locution  
    FOO=""   unset FOO  
does not behave the same as  
    FOO="";  unset FOO  
and in fact leaves FOO set to an empty string. was inconsistently  
spelling it different ways on adjacent lines.  
This got broken relatively recently, in commit c737a2e56, so the lack of  
field reports to date doesn't represent a lot of evidence that the problem  
is rare.  

M contrib/pg_upgrade/

Fix advertised dispsize for libpq's sslmode connection parameter.

commit   : 0bdeb1d51d910e0e19dec3ce0396903ae7de5c74    
author   : Tom Lane <>    
date     : Sun, 16 Mar 2014 21:43:46 -0400    
committer: Tom Lane <>    
date     : Sun, 16 Mar 2014 21:43:46 -0400    

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"8" was correct back when "disable" was the longest allowed value, but  
since "verify-full" was added, it should be "12".  Given the lack of  
complaints, I wouldn't be surprised if nobody is actually using these  
values ... but still, if they're in the API, they should be right.  
Noticed while pursuing a different problem.  It's been wrong for quite  
a long time, so back-patch to all supported branches.  

M src/interfaces/libpq/fe-connect.c

Update time zone data files to tzdata release 2014a.

commit   : f2063b379fe1e3a0d54ca2dd91839f1dac4d0c95    
author   : Tom Lane <>    
date     : Sat, 15 Mar 2014 13:36:07 -0400    
committer: Tom Lane <>    
date     : Sat, 15 Mar 2014 13:36:07 -0400    

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DST law changes in Fiji, Turkey; historical changes in Israel, Ukraine.  

M src/timezone/data/asia
M src/timezone/data/australasia
M src/timezone/data/europe
M src/timezone/data/northamerica
M src/timezone/data/southamerica

Prevent interrupts while reporting non-ERROR elog messages.

commit   : 7a289bb6d7f68393a9a4d7cde47e4440835d8dd5    
author   : Tom Lane <>    
date     : Thu, 13 Mar 2014 20:59:48 -0400    
committer: Tom Lane <>    
date     : Thu, 13 Mar 2014 20:59:48 -0400    

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This should eliminate the risk of recursive entry to syslog(3), which  
appears to be the cause of the hang reported in bug #9551 from James  
Arguably, the real problem here is auth.c's willingness to turn on  
ImmediateInterruptOK while executing fairly wide swaths of backend code.  
We may well need to work at narrowing the code ranges in which the  
authentication_timeout interrupt is enabled.  For the moment, though,  
this is a cheap and reasonably noninvasive fix for a field-reported  
failure; the other approach would be complex and not necessarily  
bug-free itself.  
Back-patch to all supported branches.  

M src/backend/utils/error/elog.c

Avoid transaction-commit race condition while receiving a NOTIFY message.

commit   : bbe9621a90a108a1ce6a018dd42afe36b8a6cba9    
author   : Tom Lane <>    
date     : Thu, 13 Mar 2014 12:03:00 -0400    
committer: Tom Lane <>    
date     : Thu, 13 Mar 2014 12:03:00 -0400    

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Use TransactionIdIsInProgress, then TransactionIdDidCommit, to distinguish  
whether a NOTIFY message's originating transaction is in progress,  
committed, or aborted.  The previous coding could accept a message from a  
transaction that was still in-progress according to the PGPROC array;  
if the client were fast enough at starting a new transaction, it might fail  
to see table rows added/updated by the message-sending transaction.  Which  
of course would usually be the point of receiving the message.  We noted  
this type of race condition long ago in tqual.c, but async.c overlooked it.  
The race condition probably cannot occur unless there are multiple NOTIFY  
senders in action, since an individual backend doesn't send NOTIFY signals  
until well after it's done committing.  But if two senders commit in close  
succession, it's certainly possible that we could see the second sender's  
message within the race condition window while responding to the signal  
from the first one.  
Per bug #9557 from Marko Tiikkaja.  This patch is slightly more invasive  
than what he proposed, since it removes the now-redundant  
TransactionIdDidAbort call.  
Back-patch to 9.0, where the current NOTIFY implementation was introduced.  

M src/backend/commands/async.c

In WAL replay, restore GIN metapage unconditionally to avoid torn page.

commit   : 91f932cf47fd0e0825b2ec92a06d24648d1ff128    
author   : Heikki Linnakangas <>    
date     : Wed, 12 Mar 2014 09:59:49 +0200    
committer: Heikki Linnakangas <>    
date     : Wed, 12 Mar 2014 09:59:49 +0200    

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We don't take a full-page image of the GIN metapage; instead, the WAL record  
contains all the information required to reconstruct it from scratch. But  
to avoid torn page hazards, we must re-initialize it from the WAL record  
every time, even if it already has a greater LSN, similar to how normal full  
page images are restored.  
This was highly unlikely to cause any problems in practice, because the GIN  
metapage is small. We rely on an update smaller than a 512 byte disk sector  
to be atomic elsewhere, at least in pg_control. But better safe than sorry,  
and this would be easy to overlook if more fields are added to the metapage  
so that it's no longer small.  
Reported by Noah Misch. Backpatch to all supported versions.  

M src/backend/access/gin/ginxlog.c

Fix tracking of psql script line numbers during \copy from another place.

commit   : b315b767f7a3a1fb50c51739916de295be37487a    
author   : Tom Lane <>    
date     : Mon, 10 Mar 2014 15:47:13 -0400    
committer: Tom Lane <>    
date     : Mon, 10 Mar 2014 15:47:13 -0400    

Click here for diff

Commit 08146775acd8bfe0fcc509c71857abb928697171 changed do_copy() to  
temporarily scribble on pset.cur_cmd_source.  That was a mighty ugly bit of  
code in any case, but in particular it broke handleCopyIn's ability to tell  
whether it was reading from the current script source file (in which case  
pset.lineno should be incremented for each line of COPY data), or from  
someplace else (in which case it shouldn't).  The former case still worked,  
the latter not so much.  The visible effect was that line numbers reported  
for errors in a script file would be wrong if there were an earlier \copy  
that was reading anything other than inline-in-the-script-file data.  
To fix, introduce another pset field that holds the file do_copy wants the  
COPY code to use.  This is a little bit ugly, but less so than passing the  
file down explicitly through several layers that aren't COPY-specific.  
Extracted from a larger patch by Kumar Rajeev Rastogi; that patch also  
changes printing of COPY command tags, which is not a bug fix and shouldn't  
get back-patched.  This particular idea was from a suggestion by Amit  
Khandekar, if I'm reading the thread correctly.  
Back-patch to 9.2 where the faulty code was introduced.  

M src/bin/psql/common.c
M src/bin/psql/copy.c
M src/bin/psql/settings.h
M src/bin/psql/startup.c

release notes: add item missed in 9.2.5 release

commit   : 2570d936ff2e03cc4e1d8a8b3972459662b46830    
author   : Bruce Momjian <>    
date     : Fri, 7 Mar 2014 13:45:38 -0500    
committer: Bruce Momjian <>    
date     : Fri, 7 Mar 2014 13:45:38 -0500    

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Item is "Prevent errors in WAL replay due to references to uninitialized  
empty pages".  
Report and text by Andres Freund  
Backpatch through 9.2.  

M doc/src/sgml/release-9.2.sgml

Fix dangling smgr_owner pointer when a fake relcache entry is freed.

commit   : f650387b5038b50407d33d1e9b7590483bb11a72    
author   : Heikki Linnakangas <>    
date     : Fri, 7 Mar 2014 13:25:11 +0200    
committer: Heikki Linnakangas <>    
date     : Fri, 7 Mar 2014 13:25:11 +0200    

Click here for diff

A fake relcache entry can "own" a SmgrRelation object, like a regular  
relcache entry. But when it was free'd, the owner field in SmgrRelation  
was not cleared, so it was left pointing to free'd memory.  
Amazingly this apparently hasn't caused crashes in practice, or we would've  
heard about it earlier. Andres found this with Valgrind.  
Report and fix by Andres Freund, with minor modifications by me. Backpatch  
to all supported versions.  

M src/backend/access/transam/xlogutils.c
M src/backend/storage/smgr/smgr.c
M src/include/storage/smgr.h

Avoid memcpy() with same source and destination address.

commit   : 4afc3f0faa3b1f86c23dabe716c3324962543fa6    
author   : Heikki Linnakangas <>    
date     : Fri, 7 Mar 2014 13:13:33 +0200    
committer: Heikki Linnakangas <>    
date     : Fri, 7 Mar 2014 13:13:33 +0200    

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The behavior of that is undefined, although unlikely to lead to problems in  
Found by running regression tests with Valgrind.  

M src/backend/tsearch/dict_ispell.c
M src/backend/utils/adt/tsvector.c

Fix name of syslog_ident GUC in docs.

commit   : 6f529325ad269fe5f76160779d1d41799c6524c9    
author   : Heikki Linnakangas <>    
date     : Fri, 7 Mar 2014 10:35:37 +0200    
committer: Heikki Linnakangas <>    
date     : Fri, 7 Mar 2014 10:35:37 +0200    

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Michael Paquier  

M doc/src/sgml/config.sgml

Avoid getting more than AccessShareLock when deparsing a query.

commit   : 5ec41e345accd6d08142337aff071e9661fa55c8    
author   : Tom Lane <>    
date     : Thu, 6 Mar 2014 19:31:12 -0500    
committer: Tom Lane <>    
date     : Thu, 6 Mar 2014 19:31:12 -0500    

Click here for diff

In make_ruledef and get_query_def, we have long used AcquireRewriteLocks  
to ensure that the querytree we are about to deparse is up-to-date and  
the schemas of the underlying relations aren't changing.  Howwever, that  
function thinks the query is about to be executed, so it acquires locks  
that are stronger than necessary for the purpose of deparsing.  Thus for  
example, if pg_dump asks to deparse a rule that includes "INSERT INTO t",  
we'd acquire RowExclusiveLock on t.  That results in interference with  
concurrent transactions that might for example ask for ShareLock on t.  
Since pg_dump is documented as being purely read-only, this is unexpected.  
(Worse, it used to actually be read-only; this behavior dates back only  
to 8.1, cf commit ba4200246.)  
Fix this by adding a parameter to AcquireRewriteLocks to tell it whether  
we want the "real" execution locks or only AccessShareLock.  
Report, diagnosis, and patch by Dean Rasheed.  Back-patch to all supported  

M src/backend/rewrite/rewriteHandler.c
M src/backend/utils/adt/ruleutils.c
M src/include/rewrite/rewriteHandler.h

Do wal_level and hot standby checks when doing crash-then-archive recovery.

commit   : e7ec05562ed754fb60f75ea83efe103266a92015    
author   : Heikki Linnakangas <>    
date     : Wed, 5 Mar 2014 14:41:55 +0200    
committer: Heikki Linnakangas <>    
date     : Wed, 5 Mar 2014 14:41:55 +0200    

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CheckRequiredParameterValues() should perform the checks if archive recovery  
was requested, even if we are going to perform crash recovery first.  
Reported by Kyotaro HORIGUCHI. Backpatch to 9.2, like the crash-then-archive  
recovery mode.  

M src/backend/access/transam/xlog.c

Fix lastReplayedEndRecPtr calculation when starting from shutdown checkpoint.

commit   : 931dc26b0d2ba9b2d174119b7ff277b977d03619    
author   : Heikki Linnakangas <>    
date     : Wed, 5 Mar 2014 13:27:18 +0200    
committer: Heikki Linnakangas <>    
date     : Wed, 5 Mar 2014 13:27:18 +0200    

Click here for diff

When entering crash recovery followed by archive recovery, and the latest  
checkpoint is a shutdown checkpoint, and there are no more WAL records to  
replay before transitioning from crash to archive recovery, we would not  
immediately allow read-only connections in hot standby mode even if we  
could. That's because when starting from a shutdown checkpoint, we set  
lastReplayedEndRecPtr incorrectly to the record before the checkpoint  
record, instead of the checkpoint record itself. We don't run the redo  
routine of the shutdown checkpoint record, but starting recovery from it  
goes through the same motions, so it should be considered as replayed.  
Reported by Kyotaro HORIGUCHI. All versions with hot standby are affected,  
so backpatch to 9.0.  

M src/backend/access/transam/xlog.c

Allow regex operations to be terminated early by query cancel requests.

commit   : 03e6423fc1eb45af18d49fee741a5536873ff626    
author   : Tom Lane <>    
date     : Sat, 1 Mar 2014 15:21:04 -0500    
committer: Tom Lane <>    
date     : Sat, 1 Mar 2014 15:21:04 -0500    

Click here for diff

The regex code didn't have any provision for query cancel; which is  
unsurprising given its non-Postgres origin, but still problematic since  
some operations can take a long time.  Introduce a callback function to  
check for a pending query cancel or session termination request, and  
call it in a couple of strategic spots where we can make the regex code  
exit with an error indicator.  
If we ever actually split out the regex code as a standalone library,  
some additional work will be needed to let the cancel callback function  
be specified externally to the library.  But that's straightforward  
(certainly so by comparison to putting the locale-dependent character  
classification logic on a similar arms-length basis), and there seems  
no need to do it right now.  
A bigger issue is that there may be more places than these two where  
we need to check for cancels.  We can always add more checks later,  
now that the infrastructure is in place.  
Since there are known examples of not-terribly-long regexes that can  
lock up a backend for a long time, back-patch to all supported branches.  
I have hopes of fixing the known performance problems later, but adding  
query cancel ability seems like a good idea even if they were all fixed.  

M src/backend/regex/regc_nfa.c
M src/backend/regex/regcomp.c
M src/backend/regex/regexec.c
M src/backend/utils/adt/regexp.c
M src/backend/utils/adt/varlena.c
M src/include/regex/regerrs.h
M src/include/regex/regex.h
M src/include/regex/regguts.h

Use SnapshotDirty rather than an active snapshot to probe index endpoints.

commit   : 00283cae1b78174e27b39c5102ef362a8766323a    
author   : Tom Lane <>    
date     : Tue, 25 Feb 2014 16:04:12 -0500    
committer: Tom Lane <>    
date     : Tue, 25 Feb 2014 16:04:12 -0500    

Click here for diff

If there are lots of uncommitted tuples at the end of the index range,  
get_actual_variable_range() ends up fetching each one and doing an MVCC  
visibility check on it, until it finally hits a visible tuple.  This is  
bad enough in isolation, considering that we don't need an exact answer  
only an approximate one.  But because the tuples are not yet committed,  
each visibility check does a TransactionIdIsInProgress() test, which  
involves scanning the ProcArray.  When multiple sessions do this  
concurrently, the ensuing contention results in horrid performance loss.  
20X overall throughput loss on not-too-complicated queries is easy to  
demonstrate in the back branches (though someone's made it noticeably  
less bad in HEAD).  
We can dodge the problem fairly effectively by using SnapshotDirty rather  
than a normal MVCC snapshot.  This will cause the index probe to take  
uncommitted tuples as good, so that we incur only one tuple fetch and test  
even if there are many such tuples.  The extent to which this degrades the  
estimate is debatable: it's possible the result is actually a more accurate  
prediction than before, if the endmost tuple has become committed by the  
time we actually execute the query being planned.  In any case, it's not  
very likely that it makes the estimate a lot worse.  
SnapshotDirty will still reject tuples that are known committed dead, so  
we won't give bogus answers if an invalid outlier has been deleted but not  
yet vacuumed from the index.  (Because btrees know how to mark such tuples  
dead in the index, we shouldn't have a big performance problem in the case  
that there are many of them at the end of the range.)  This consideration  
motivates not using SnapshotAny, which was also considered as a fix.  
Note: the back branches were using SnapshotNow instead of an MVCC snapshot,  
but the problem and solution are the same.  
Per performance complaints from Bartlomiej Romanski, Josh Berkus, and  
others.  Back-patch to 9.0, where the issue was introduced (by commit  

M src/backend/utils/adt/selfuncs.c

Remove broken code that tried to handle OVERLAPS with a single argument.

commit   : d7cd6a9d52b3c4a354c7ddac06aa6998e8505d44    
author   : Tom Lane <>    
date     : Tue, 18 Feb 2014 12:44:27 -0500    
committer: Tom Lane <>    
date     : Tue, 18 Feb 2014 12:44:27 -0500    

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The SQL standard says that OVERLAPS should have a two-element row  
constructor on each side.  The original coding of OVERLAPS support in  
our grammar attempted to extend that by allowing a single-element row  
constructor, which it internally duplicated ... or tried to, anyway.  
But that code has certainly not worked since our List infrastructure was  
rewritten in 2004, and I'm none too sure it worked before that.  As it  
stands, it ends up building a List that includes itself, leading to  
assorted undesirable behaviors later in the parser.  
Even if it worked as intended, it'd be a bit evil because of the  
possibility of duplicate evaluation of a volatile function that the user  
had written only once.  Given the lack of documentation, test cases, or  
complaints, let's just get rid of the idea and only support the standard  
While we're at it, improve the error cursor positioning for the  
wrong-number-of-arguments errors, and inline the makeOverlaps() function  
since it's only called in one place anyway.  
Per bug #9227 from Joshua Yanovski.  Initial patch by Joshua Yanovski,  
extended a bit by me.  

M src/backend/parser/gram.y

Disable RandomizedBaseAddress on MSVC builds

commit   : 062deb31387b0e3190f8084c2de2194f40ee6a96    
author   : Magnus Hagander <>    
date     : Tue, 18 Feb 2014 14:45:58 +0100    
committer: Magnus Hagander <>    
date     : Tue, 18 Feb 2014 14:45:58 +0100    

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The ASLR in Windows 8/Windows 2012 can break PostgreSQL's shared memory. It  
doesn't fail every time (which is explained by the Random part in ASLR), but  
can fail with errors abut failing to reserve shared memory region.  
MauMau, reviewed by Craig Ringer  

M src/tools/msvc/
M src/tools/msvc/

Fix comment; checkpointer, not bgwriter, performs checkpoints since 9.2.

commit   : 5da060626089a3c67b1b12fa75733fb39ebe1bbb    
author   : Heikki Linnakangas <>    
date     : Tue, 18 Feb 2014 09:48:18 +0200    
committer: Heikki Linnakangas <>    
date     : Tue, 18 Feb 2014 09:48:18 +0200    

Click here for diff

Amit Langote  

M src/backend/access/transam/xlog.c

Translation updates

commit   : 67016c39703aa09ea7faf08dc3ec1456f92a832b    
author   : Peter Eisentraut <>    
date     : Mon, 17 Feb 2014 16:56:04 -0500    
committer: Peter Eisentraut <>    
date     : Mon, 17 Feb 2014 16:56:04 -0500    

Click here for diff

M src/backend/po/de.po
M src/backend/po/fr.po
M src/backend/po/it.po
M src/backend/po/pt_BR.po
M src/backend/po/zh_TW.po
M src/bin/initdb/po/ko.po
M src/bin/initdb/po/ro.po
M src/bin/initdb/po/sv.po
M src/bin/initdb/po/zh_TW.po
M src/bin/pg_config/po/ko.po
M src/bin/pg_config/po/nb.po
M src/bin/pg_config/po/ro.po
M src/bin/pg_config/po/sv.po
M src/bin/pg_config/po/ta.po
M src/bin/pg_config/po/tr.po
M src/bin/pg_config/po/zh_TW.po
M src/bin/pg_controldata/po/ro.po
M src/bin/pg_controldata/po/zh_TW.po
M src/bin/pg_ctl/po/zh_TW.po
M src/bin/pg_resetxlog/po/ko.po
M src/bin/pg_resetxlog/po/ro.po
M src/bin/pg_resetxlog/po/tr.po
M src/bin/pg_resetxlog/po/zh_TW.po
M src/bin/psql/po/zh_TW.po
M src/bin/scripts/po/ko.po
M src/bin/scripts/po/ro.po
M src/bin/scripts/po/sv.po
M src/bin/scripts/po/tr.po
M src/bin/scripts/po/zh_TW.po
M src/interfaces/ecpg/ecpglib/po/de.po
M src/interfaces/ecpg/ecpglib/po/fr.po
M src/interfaces/ecpg/ecpglib/po/ja.po
M src/interfaces/ecpg/ecpglib/po/pt_BR.po
M src/interfaces/ecpg/ecpglib/po/tr.po
M src/interfaces/ecpg/ecpglib/po/zh_CN.po
M src/interfaces/ecpg/preproc/po/ja.po
M src/interfaces/ecpg/preproc/po/ko.po
M src/interfaces/ecpg/preproc/po/tr.po
M src/interfaces/ecpg/preproc/po/zh_TW.po
M src/interfaces/libpq/po/zh_TW.po
M src/pl/plperl/po/ro.po
M src/pl/plperl/po/zh_TW.po
M src/pl/plpgsql/src/po/ro.po
M src/pl/plpgsql/src/po/zh_TW.po
M src/pl/plpython/po/ro.po
M src/pl/tcl/po/de.po
M src/pl/tcl/po/fr.po
M src/pl/tcl/po/ja.po
M src/pl/tcl/po/pt_BR.po
M src/pl/tcl/po/ro.po
M src/pl/tcl/po/tr.po
M src/pl/tcl/po/zh_CN.po
M src/pl/tcl/po/zh_TW.po