PostgreSQL 9.4.8 commit log

Stamp 9.4.8.

commit   : d130536e93378d9b6512d268639324ba7f60a815    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Mon, 9 May 2016 16:52:03 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Mon, 9 May 2016 16:52:03 -0400    

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M configure
M configure.in
M doc/bug.template
M src/include/pg_config.h.win32
M src/interfaces/libpq/libpq.rc.in
M src/port/win32ver.rc

Translation updates

commit   : c20dd81034ebeed38a372e3696dfe12550a26ce4    
  
author   : Peter Eisentraut <peter_e@gmx.net>    
date     : Mon, 9 May 2016 10:06:37 -0400    
  
committer: Peter Eisentraut <peter_e@gmx.net>    
date     : Mon, 9 May 2016 10:06:37 -0400    

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Source-Git-URL: git://git.postgresql.org/git/pgtranslation/messages.git  
Source-Git-Hash: 1f2562b35928021c6463a1e5f82f1682486fb4cf  

M src/backend/po/de.po
M src/backend/po/fr.po
M src/backend/po/it.po
M src/backend/po/pt_BR.po
M src/bin/initdb/po/it.po
M src/bin/pg_basebackup/po/it.po
M src/bin/pg_controldata/po/de.po
M src/bin/pg_controldata/po/it.po
M src/bin/pg_ctl/po/it.po
M src/bin/pg_dump/po/it.po
M src/bin/pg_resetxlog/po/it.po
M src/bin/psql/po/de.po
M src/bin/psql/po/it.po
M src/bin/scripts/po/it.po
M src/interfaces/libpq/po/pt_BR.po
M src/pl/plperl/po/it.po
M src/pl/plpython/po/it.po
M src/pl/tcl/po/it.po

Release notes for 9.5.3, 9.4.8, 9.3.13, 9.2.17, 9.1.22.

commit   : 0a06b5b926b185db0b77cc02401a61a8e1bd0f58    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Sat, 7 May 2016 17:26:24 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Sat, 7 May 2016 17:26:24 -0400    

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M doc/src/sgml/release-9.1.sgml
M doc/src/sgml/release-9.2.sgml
M doc/src/sgml/release-9.3.sgml
M doc/src/sgml/release-9.4.sgml

Distrust external OpenSSL clients; clear err queue

commit   : e3b14de9f0453d29c1d77b081d312b2eac6b192a    
  
author   : Peter Eisentraut <peter_e@gmx.net>    
date     : Fri, 8 Apr 2016 13:48:14 -0400    
  
committer: Peter Eisentraut <peter_e@gmx.net>    
date     : Fri, 8 Apr 2016 13:48:14 -0400    

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OpenSSL has an unfortunate tendency to mix per-session state error  
handling with per-thread error handling.  This can cause problems when  
programs that link to libpq with OpenSSL enabled have some other use of  
OpenSSL; without care, one caller of OpenSSL may cause problems for the  
other caller.  Backend code might similarly be affected, for example  
when a third party extension independently uses OpenSSL without taking  
the appropriate precautions.  
  
To fix, don't trust other users of OpenSSL to clear the per-thread error  
queue.  Instead, clear the entire per-thread queue ahead of certain I/O  
operations when it appears that there might be trouble (these I/O  
operations mostly need to call SSL_get_error() to check for success,  
which relies on the queue being empty).  This is slightly aggressive,  
but it's pretty clear that the other callers have a very dubious claim  
to ownership of the per-thread queue.  Do this is both frontend and  
backend code.  
  
Finally, be more careful about clearing our own error queue, so as to  
not cause these problems ourself.  It's possibly that control previously  
did not always reach SSLerrmessage(), where ERR_get_error() was supposed  
to be called to clear the queue's earliest code.  Make sure  
ERR_get_error() is always called, so as to spare other users of OpenSSL  
the possibility of similar problems caused by libpq (as opposed to  
problems caused by a third party OpenSSL library like PHP's OpenSSL  
extension).  Again, do this is both frontend and backend code.  
  
See bug #12799 and https://bugs.php.net/bug.php?id=68276  
  
Based on patches by Dave Vitek and Peter Eisentraut.  
  
From: Peter Geoghegan <pg@bowt.ie>  

M src/backend/libpq/be-secure.c
M src/interfaces/libpq/fe-secure.c

Fix pg_upgrade to not fail when new-cluster TOAST rules differ from old.

commit   : e1aecebc041db969abe7cacb351577938f11a2af    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Fri, 6 May 2016 22:05:51 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Fri, 6 May 2016 22:05:51 -0400    

Click here for diff

This patch essentially reverts commit 4c6780fd17aa43ed, in favor of a much  
simpler solution for the case where the new cluster would choose to create  
a TOAST table but the old cluster doesn't have one: just don't create a  
TOAST table.  
  
The existing code failed in at least two different ways if the situation  
arose: (1) ALTER TABLE RESET didn't grab an exclusive lock, so that the  
lock sanity check in create_toast_table failed; (2) pg_upgrade did not  
provide a pg_type OID for the new toast table, so that the crosscheck in  
TypeCreate failed.  While both these problems were introduced by later  
patches, they show that the hack being used to cause TOAST table creation  
is overwhelmingly fragile (and untested).  I also note that before the  
TypeCreate crosscheck was added, the code would have resulted in assigning  
an indeterminate pg_type OID to the toast table, possibly causing a later  
OID conflict in that catalog; so that it didn't really work even when  
committed.  
  
If we simply don't create a TOAST table, there will only be a problem if  
the code tries to store a tuple that's wider than a page, and field  
compression isn't sufficient to get it under a page.  Given that the TOAST  
creation threshold is intended to be about a quarter of a page, it's very  
hard to believe that cross-version differences in the do-we-need-a-toast-  
table heuristic could result in an observable problem.  So let's just  
follow the old version's conclusion about whether a TOAST table is needed.  
  
(If we ever do change needs_toast_table() so much that this conclusion  
doesn't apply, we can devise a solution at that time, and hopefully do  
it in a less klugy way than 4c6780fd17aa43ed did.)  
  
Back-patch to 9.3, like the previous patch.  
  
Discussion: <8110.1462291671@sss.pgh.pa.us>  

M contrib/pg_upgrade/dump.c
M contrib/pg_upgrade/pg_upgrade.c
M contrib/pg_upgrade/pg_upgrade.h
M src/backend/catalog/toasting.c
M src/include/catalog/binary_upgrade.h

Fix possible read past end of string in to_timestamp().

commit   : 1180868d11343f4ec01bf5d4964e360fceaab5ff    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Fri, 6 May 2016 12:09:20 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Fri, 6 May 2016 12:09:20 -0400    

Click here for diff

to_timestamp() handles the TH/th format codes by advancing over two input  
characters, whatever those are.  It failed to notice whether there were  
two characters available to be skipped, making it possible to advance  
the pointer past the end of the input string and keep on parsing.  
A similar risk existed in the handling of "Y,YYY" format: it would advance  
over three characters after the "," whether or not three characters were  
available.  
  
In principle this might be exploitable to disclose contents of server  
memory.  But the security team concluded that it would be very hard to use  
that way, because the parsing loop would stop upon hitting any zero byte,  
and TH/th format codes can't be consecutive --- they have to follow some  
other format code, which would have to match whatever data is there.  
So it seems impractical to examine memory very much beyond the end of the  
input string via this bug; and the input string will always be in local  
memory not in disk buffers, making it unlikely that anything very  
interesting is close to it in a predictable way.  So this doesn't quite  
rise to the level of needing a CVE.  
  
Thanks to Wolf Roediger for reporting this bug.  

M src/backend/utils/adt/formatting.c

Update time zone data files to tzdata release 2016d.

commit   : a5148e80003b6c932aea882687ed8ded3921b332    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Thu, 5 May 2016 20:08:58 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Thu, 5 May 2016 20:08:58 -0400    

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DST law changes in Russia (Magadan, Tomsk regions) and Venezuela.  
Historical corrections for Russia.  There are new zone names Europe/Kirov  
and Asia/Tomsk reflecting the fact that these regions now have different  
time zone histories from adjacent regions.  

M src/timezone/data/asia
M src/timezone/data/europe
M src/timezone/data/northamerica
M src/timezone/data/southamerica
M src/timezone/data/zone.tab
M src/timezone/data/zone1970.tab
M src/timezone/known_abbrevs.txt
M src/timezone/tznames/Asia.txt
M src/timezone/tznames/Default

doc: Fix more typos

commit   : db5999a92755289bd97990f9a081a6d73f4f2015    
  
author   : Peter Eisentraut <peter_e@gmx.net>    
date     : Wed, 4 May 2016 14:07:00 -0400    
  
committer: Peter Eisentraut <peter_e@gmx.net>    
date     : Wed, 4 May 2016 14:07:00 -0400    

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From: Alexander Law <exclusion@gmail.com>  

M doc/src/sgml/ecpg.sgml
M doc/src/sgml/pg_xlogdump.sgml

doc: Fix typos

commit   : e301d52941fa39b60ffea79dc67f8da6d340c1e8    
  
author   : Peter Eisentraut <peter_e@gmx.net>    
date     : Tue, 3 May 2016 21:06:25 -0400    
  
committer: Peter Eisentraut <peter_e@gmx.net>    
date     : Tue, 3 May 2016 21:06:25 -0400    

Click here for diff

From: Alexander Law <exclusion@gmail.com>  

M doc/src/sgml/ecpg.sgml
M doc/src/sgml/protocol.sgml

Fix configure’s incorrect version tests for flex and perl.

commit   : 1ba874505f903296dfc4cc156dc1601cd8f8d531    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Mon, 2 May 2016 11:18:11 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Mon, 2 May 2016 11:18:11 -0400    

Click here for diff

awk's equality-comparison operator is "==" not "=".  We got this right  
in many places, but not in configure's checks for supported version  
numbers of flex and perl.  It hadn't been noticed because unsupported  
versions are so old as to be basically extinct in the wild, and because  
the only consequence is whether or not a WARNING flies by during  
configure.  
  
Daniel Gustafsson noted the problem with respect to the test for flex,  
I found the other by reviewing other awk calls.  

M config/perl.m4
M config/programs.m4
M configure

Remove unused macros.

commit   : a840c14286bcd2ea3241ca7ff0aa2c28f0472418    
  
author   : Heikki Linnakangas <heikki.linnakangas@iki.fi>    
date     : Mon, 2 May 2016 10:07:49 +0300    
  
committer: Heikki Linnakangas <heikki.linnakangas@iki.fi>    
date     : Mon, 2 May 2016 10:07:49 +0300    

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CHECK_PAGE_OFFSET_RANGE() has been unused forever.  
CHECK_RELATION_BLOCK_RANGE() has been unused in pgstatindex.c ever since  
bt_page_stats() and bt_page_items() functions were moved from pgstattuple  
to pageinspect module. It still exists in pageinspect/btreefuncs.c.  
  
Daniel Gustafsson  

M contrib/pageinspect/btreefuncs.c
M contrib/pgstattuple/pgstatindex.c

Fix mishandling of equivalence-class tests in parameterized plans.

commit   : 72edc8ffeb0e94949b217bc4c264a50281b10203    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Fri, 29 Apr 2016 20:19:38 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Fri, 29 Apr 2016 20:19:38 -0400    

Click here for diff

Given a three-or-more-way equivalence class, such as X.Y = Y.Y = Z.Z,  
it was possible for the planner to omit one of the quals needed to  
enforce that all members of the equivalence class are actually equal.  
This only happened in the case of a parameterized join node for two  
of the relations, that is a plan tree like  
  
	Nested Loop  
	  ->  Scan X  
	  ->  Nested Loop  
	    ->  Scan Y  
	    ->  Scan Z  
	          Filter: Z.Z = X.X  
  
The eclass machinery normally expects to apply X.X = Y.Y when those  
two relations are joined, but in this shape of plan tree they aren't  
joined until the top node --- and, if the lower nested loop is marked  
as parameterized by X, the top node will assume that the relevant eclass  
condition(s) got pushed down into the lower node.  On the other hand,  
the scan of Z assumes that it's only responsible for constraining Z.Z  
to match any one of the other eclass members.  So one or another of  
the required quals sometimes fell between the cracks, depending on  
whether consideration of the eclass in get_joinrel_parampathinfo()  
for the lower nested loop chanced to generate X.X = Y.Y or X.X = Z.Z  
as the appropriate constraint there.  If it generated the latter,  
it'd erroneously suppose that the Z scan would take care of matters.  
To fix, force X.X = Y.Y to be generated and applied at that join node  
when this case occurs.  
  
This is *extremely* hard to hit in practice, because various planner  
behaviors conspire to mask the problem; starting with the fact that the  
planner doesn't really like to generate a parameterized plan of the  
above shape.  (It might have been impossible to hit it before we  
tweaked things to allow this plan shape for star-schema cases.)  Many  
thanks to Alexander Kirkouski for submitting a reproducible test case.  
  
The bug can be demonstrated in all branches back to 9.2 where parameterized  
paths were introduced, so back-patch that far.  

M src/backend/optimizer/path/equivclass.c
M src/backend/optimizer/util/relnode.c
M src/include/optimizer/paths.h
M src/test/regress/expected/join.out
M src/test/regress/sql/join.sql

Remember asking for feedback during walsender shutdown.

commit   : 596f936055c562c63696699d03c76e24189dec7c    
  
author   : Andres Freund <andres@anarazel.de>    
date     : Thu, 28 Apr 2016 22:09:51 -0700    
  
committer: Andres Freund <andres@anarazel.de>    
date     : Thu, 28 Apr 2016 22:09:51 -0700    

Click here for diff

Since 5a991ef8 we're explicitly asking for feedback from the receiving  
side when shutting down walsender, if there's not yet replicated  
data.  
  
Unfortunately we didn't remember (i.e. set waiting_for_ping_response to  
true) having asked for feedback, leading to scenarios in which replies  
were requested at a high frequency.  
  
I can't reproduce this problem on my laptop, I think that's because the  
problem requires a significant TCP window to manifest due to the  
!pq_is_send_pending() condition. But since this clearly is a bug, let's  
fix it.  There's quite possibly more wrong than just this though.  
  
While fiddling with WalSndDone(), I rewrote a hard to understand comment  
about looking at the flush vs. the write position.  
  
Reported-By: Nick Cleaton, Magnus Hagander  
Author: Nick Cleaton  
Discussion: CAFgz3kus=rC_avEgBV=+hRK5HYJ8vXskJRh8yEAbahJGTzF2VQ@mail.gmail.com  
    CABUevExsjROqDcD0A2rnJ6HK6FuKGyewJr3PL12pw85BHFGS2Q@mail.gmail.com  
Backpatch: 9.4, were 5a991ef8 introduced the use of feedback messages  
    during shutdown.  

M src/backend/replication/walsender.c

Adjust DatumGetBool macro, this time for sure.

commit   : 65c2eeb003bfc4e37f504e429bded6f0c0b40d43    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Thu, 28 Apr 2016 11:50:58 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Thu, 28 Apr 2016 11:50:58 -0400    

Click here for diff

Commit 23a41573c attempted to fix the DatumGetBool macro to ignore bits  
in a Datum that are to the left of the actual bool value.  But it did that  
by casting the Datum to bool; and on compilers that use C99 semantics for  
bool, that ends up being a whole-word test, not a 1-byte test.  This seems  
to be the true explanation for contrib/seg failing in VS2015.  To fix, use  
GET_1_BYTE() explicitly.  I think in the previous patch, I'd had some idea  
of not having to commit to bool being exactly 1 byte wide, but regardless  
of what the compiler's bool is, boolean columns and Datums are certainly  
1 byte wide.  
  
The previous fix was (eventually) back-patched into all active versions,  
so do likewise with this one.  

M src/include/postgres.h

pg_upgrade: Fix indentation of if() block

commit   : 3be77da179a187dc7eacd2b2104b53ec62ab9fa7    
  
author   : Bruce Momjian <bruce@momjian.us>    
date     : Thu, 28 Apr 2016 08:29:02 -0400    
  
committer: Bruce Momjian <bruce@momjian.us>    
date     : Thu, 28 Apr 2016 08:29:02 -0400    

Click here for diff

Incorrect indentation introduced in commit  
3d2e1851096752c3ca4dee5c16b552332de09946.  
  
Reported-by: Andres Freund  
  
Backpatch-through: 9.3 and 9.4 only  

M src/bin/pg_dump/pg_dump.c

doc: Fix typo

commit   : b5a9dc7cea864fd15da4e3c5690e91c51cdfc0d6    
  
author   : Peter Eisentraut <peter_e@gmx.net>    
date     : Sun, 24 Apr 2016 20:44:22 -0400    
  
committer: Peter Eisentraut <peter_e@gmx.net>    
date     : Sun, 24 Apr 2016 20:44:22 -0400    

Click here for diff

From: Andreas Seltenreich <andreas.seltenreich@credativ.de>  

M doc/src/sgml/logicaldecoding.sgml

Rename strtoi() to strtoint().

commit   : 2a715371c44399f8ec538b3c8df0590400c75678    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Sat, 23 Apr 2016 16:53:15 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Sat, 23 Apr 2016 16:53:15 -0400    

Click here for diff

NetBSD has seen fit to invent a libc function named strtoi(), which  
conflicts with the long-established static functions of the same name in  
datetime.c and ecpg's interval.c.  While muttering darkly about intrusions  
on application namespace, we'll rename our functions to avoid the conflict.  
  
Back-patch to all supported branches, since this would affect attempts  
to build any of them on recent NetBSD.  
  
Thomas Munro  

M src/backend/utils/adt/datetime.c
M src/interfaces/ecpg/pgtypeslib/interval.c

doc: Fix typos

commit   : b39938f01208d2860239792aa9e802a9cf8c286b    
  
author   : Peter Eisentraut <peter_e@gmx.net>    
date     : Sat, 23 Apr 2016 14:48:02 -0400    
  
committer: Peter Eisentraut <peter_e@gmx.net>    
date     : Sat, 23 Apr 2016 14:48:02 -0400    

Click here for diff

From: Erik Rijkers <er@xs4all.nl>  

M doc/src/sgml/pgbench.sgml

Add putenv support for msvcrt from Visual Studio 2013

commit   : c238a41014db7f818982641a8b95fae15515c88e    
  
author   : Magnus Hagander <magnus@hagander.net>    
date     : Fri, 22 Apr 2016 05:18:59 -0400    
  
committer: Magnus Hagander <magnus@hagander.net>    
date     : Fri, 22 Apr 2016 05:18:59 -0400    

Click here for diff

This was missed when VS 2013 support was added.  
  
Michael Paquier  

M src/port/win32env.c

Fix planner failure with full join in RHS of left join.

commit   : 3232c242724e743c0dd3afd972cb0cb5b5d12c33    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Thu, 21 Apr 2016 20:05:58 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Thu, 21 Apr 2016 20:05:58 -0400    

Click here for diff

Given a left join containing a full join in its righthand side, with  
the left join's joinclause referencing only one side of the full join  
(in a non-strict fashion, so that the full join doesn't get simplified),  
the planner could fail with "failed to build any N-way joins" or related  
errors.  This happened because the full join was seen as overlapping the  
left join's RHS, and then recent changes within join_is_legal() caused  
that function to conclude that the full join couldn't validly be formed.  
Rather than try to rejigger join_is_legal() yet more to allow this,  
I think it's better to fix initsplan.c so that the required join order  
is explicit in the SpecialJoinInfo data structure.  The previous coding  
there essentially ignored full joins, relying on the fact that we don't  
flatten them in the joinlist data structure to preserve their ordering.  
That's sufficient to prevent a wrong plan from being formed, but as this  
example shows, it's not sufficient to ensure that the right plan will  
be formed.  We need to work a bit harder to ensure that the right plan  
looks sane according to the SpecialJoinInfos.  
  
Per bug #14105 from Vojtech Rylko.  This was apparently induced by  
commit 8703059c6 (though now that I've seen it, I wonder whether there  
are related cases that could have failed before that); so back-patch  
to all active branches.  Unfortunately, that patch also went into 9.0,  
so this bug is a regression that won't be fixed in that branch.  

M src/backend/optimizer/plan/initsplan.c
M src/test/regress/expected/join.out
M src/test/regress/sql/join.sql

Improve TranslateSocketError() to handle more Windows error codes.

commit   : 56dee70d90563cfce41ca019dac64458a4fc22e4    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Thu, 21 Apr 2016 16:58:47 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Thu, 21 Apr 2016 16:58:47 -0400    

Click here for diff

The coverage was rather lean for cases that bind() or listen() might  
return.  Add entries for everything that there's a direct equivalent  
for in the set of Unix errnos that elog.c has heard of.  

M src/backend/port/win32/socket.c
M src/include/port/win32.h

Remove dead code in win32.h.

commit   : 27a8361272af7cc3d654db65a3829774b557b220    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Thu, 21 Apr 2016 16:16:19 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Thu, 21 Apr 2016 16:16:19 -0400    

Click here for diff

There's no longer a need for the MSVC-version-specific code stanza that  
forcibly redefines errno code symbols, because since commit 73838b52 we're  
unconditionally redefining them in the stanza before this one anyway.  
Now it's merely confusing and ugly, so get rid of it; and improve the  
comment that explains what's going on here.  
  
Although this is just cosmetic, back-patch anyway since I'm intending  
to back-patch some less-cosmetic changes in this same hunk of code.  

M src/include/port/win32.h

Provide errno-translation wrappers around bind() and listen() on Windows.

commit   : 5e2fb8862bfc4ba8f0ed4ce0b99931db91ad84b1    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Thu, 21 Apr 2016 15:44:18 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Thu, 21 Apr 2016 15:44:18 -0400    

Click here for diff

Fix Windows builds to report something useful rather than "could not bind  
IPv4 socket: No error" when bind() fails.  
  
Back-patch of commits d1b7d4877b9a71f4 and 22989a8e34168f57.  
  
Discussion: <4065.1452450340@sss.pgh.pa.us>  

M src/backend/port/win32/socket.c
M src/include/port/win32.h

commit   : 679c92238c74ed6c96e4251d7ea68f8a096ff674    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Thu, 21 Apr 2016 14:20:18 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Thu, 21 Apr 2016 14:20:18 -0400    

Click here for diff

When we shoehorned "x op ANY (array)" into the SQL syntax, we created a  
fundamental ambiguity as to the proper treatment of a sub-SELECT on the  
righthand side: perhaps what's meant is to compare x against each row of  
the sub-SELECT's result, or perhaps the sub-SELECT is meant as a scalar  
sub-SELECT that delivers a single array value whose members should be  
compared against x.  The grammar resolves it as the former case whenever  
the RHS is a select_with_parens, making the latter case hard to reach ---  
but you can get at it, with tricks such as attaching a no-op cast to the  
sub-SELECT.  Parse analysis would throw away the no-op cast, leaving a  
parsetree with an EXPR_SUBLINK SubLink directly under a ScalarArrayOpExpr.  
ruleutils.c was not clued in on this fine point, and would naively emit  
"x op ANY ((SELECT ...))", which would be parsed as the first alternative,  
typically leading to errors like "operator does not exist: text = text[]"  
during dump/reload of a view or rule containing such a construct.  To fix,  
emit a no-op cast when dumping such a parsetree.  This might well be  
exactly what the user wrote to get the construct accepted in the first  
place; and even if she got there with some other dodge, it is a valid  
representation of the parsetree.  
  
Per report from Karl Czajkowski.  He mentioned only a case involving  
RLS policies, but actually the problem is very old, so back-patch to  
all supported branches.  
  
Report: <20160421001832.GB7976@moraine.isi.edu>  

M src/backend/utils/adt/ruleutils.c
M src/test/regress/expected/create_view.out
M src/test/regress/sql/create_view.sql

Honor PGCTLTIMEOUT environment variable for pg_regress’ startup wait.

commit   : f05ac711b1ded87902d1e35ce3964a1b16185a10    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Wed, 20 Apr 2016 23:48:13 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Wed, 20 Apr 2016 23:48:13 -0400    

Click here for diff

In commit 2ffa86962077c588 we made pg_ctl recognize an environment variable  
PGCTLTIMEOUT to set the default timeout for starting and stopping the  
postmaster.  However, pg_regress uses pg_ctl only for the "stop" end of  
that; it has bespoke code for starting the postmaster, and that code has  
historically had a hard-wired 60-second timeout.  Further buildfarm  
experience says it'd be a good idea if that timeout were also controlled  
by PGCTLTIMEOUT, so let's make it so.  Like the previous patch, back-patch  
to all active branches.  
  
Discussion: <13969.1461191936@sss.pgh.pa.us>  

M src/test/regress/pg_regress.c

Fix memory leak and other bugs in ginPlaceToPage() & subroutines.

commit   : ef35afa35c422928d8fb900dd69cfc182f076bf0    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Wed, 20 Apr 2016 14:25:15 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Wed, 20 Apr 2016 14:25:15 -0400    

Click here for diff

Commit 36a35c550ac114ca turned the interface between ginPlaceToPage and  
its subroutines in gindatapage.c and ginentrypage.c into a royal mess:  
page-update critical sections were started in one place and finished in  
another place not even in the same file, and the very same subroutine  
might return having started a critical section or not.  Subsequent patches  
band-aided over some of the problems with this design by making things  
even messier.  
  
One user-visible resulting problem is memory leaks caused by the need for  
the subroutines to allocate storage that would survive until ginPlaceToPage  
calls XLogInsert (as reported by Julien Rouhaud).  This would not typically  
be noticeable during retail index updates.  It could be visible in a GIN  
index build, in the form of memory consumption swelling to several times  
the commanded maintenance_work_mem.  
  
Another rather nasty problem is that in the internal-page-splitting code  
path, we would clear the child page's GIN_INCOMPLETE_SPLIT flag well before  
entering the critical section that it's supposed to be cleared in; a  
failure in between would leave the index in a corrupt state.  There were  
also assorted coding-rule violations with little immediate consequence but  
possible long-term hazards, such as beginning an XLogInsert sequence before  
entering a critical section, or calling elog(DEBUG) inside a critical  
section.  
  
To fix, redefine the API between ginPlaceToPage() and its subroutines  
by splitting the subroutines into two parts.  The "beginPlaceToPage"  
subroutine does what can be done outside a critical section, including  
full computation of the result pages into temporary storage when we're  
going to split the target page.  The "execPlaceToPage" subroutine is called  
within a critical section established by ginPlaceToPage(), and it handles  
the actual page update in the non-split code path.  The critical section,  
as well as the XLOG insertion call sequence, are both now always started  
and finished in ginPlaceToPage().  Also, make ginPlaceToPage() create and  
work in a short-lived memory context to eliminate the leakage problem.  
(Since a short-lived memory context had been getting created in the most  
common code path in the subroutines, this shouldn't cause any noticeable  
performance penalty; we're just moving the overhead up one call level.)  
  
In passing, fix a bunch of comments that had gone unmaintained throughout  
all this klugery.  
  
Report: <571276DD.5050303@dalibo.com>  

M src/backend/access/gin/ginbtree.c
M src/backend/access/gin/gindatapage.c
M src/backend/access/gin/ginentrypage.c
M src/include/access/gin_private.h

Further reduce the number of semaphores used under –disable-spinlocks.

commit   : 21b7f49eb88a6d39acf9569cddf65f1985318056    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Mon, 18 Apr 2016 13:33:07 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Mon, 18 Apr 2016 13:33:07 -0400    

Click here for diff

Per discussion, there doesn't seem to be much value in having  
NUM_SPINLOCK_SEMAPHORES set to 1024: under any scenario where you are  
running more than a few backends concurrently, you really had better have a  
real spinlock implementation if you want tolerable performance.  And 1024  
semaphores is a sizable fraction of the system-wide SysV semaphore limit  
on many platforms.  Therefore, reduce this setting's default value to 128  
to make it less likely to cause out-of-semaphores problems.  

M src/include/pg_config_manual.h

doc: Add missing parentheses

commit   : f6a849b282267c4ee139577de6a32aa8f337a364    
  
author   : Peter Eisentraut <peter_e@gmx.net>    
date     : Fri, 15 Apr 2016 20:44:10 -0400    
  
committer: Peter Eisentraut <peter_e@gmx.net>    
date     : Fri, 15 Apr 2016 20:44:10 -0400    

Click here for diff

From: Alexander Law <exclusion@gmail.com>  

M doc/src/sgml/ecpg.sgml

Fix possible crash in ALTER TABLE … REPLICA IDENTITY USING INDEX.

commit   : 8eed31ffb84cda04cb20f3e780213c17f9f3223f    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Fri, 15 Apr 2016 12:11:27 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Fri, 15 Apr 2016 12:11:27 -0400    

Click here for diff

Careless coding added by commit 07cacba983ef79be could result in a crash  
or a bizarre error message if someone tried to select an index on the  
OID column as the replica identity index for a table.  Back-patch to 9.4  
where the feature was introduced.  
  
Discussion: CAKJS1f8TQYgTRDyF1_u9PVCKWRWz+DkieH=U7954HeHVPJKaKg@mail.gmail.com  
  
David Rowley  

M src/backend/commands/tablecmds.c
M src/test/regress/expected/replica_identity.out
M src/test/regress/sql/replica_identity.sql

Fix memory leak in GIN index scans.

commit   : 0479eccdcf0db59336aa45c6501666cd9f590b6a    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Fri, 15 Apr 2016 00:02:26 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Fri, 15 Apr 2016 00:02:26 -0400    

Click here for diff

The code had a query-lifespan memory leak when encountering GIN entries  
that have posting lists (rather than posting trees, ie, there are a  
relatively small number of heap tuples containing this index key value).  
With a suitable data distribution this could add up to a lot of leakage.  
Problem seems to have been introduced by commit 36a35c550, so back-patch  
to 9.4.  
  
Julien Rouhaud  

M src/backend/access/gin/ginget.c

Fix core dump in ReorderBufferRestoreChange on alignment-picky platforms.

commit   : 00456911f43ab3def50b70813aea645e979e1687    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Thu, 14 Apr 2016 19:42:22 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Thu, 14 Apr 2016 19:42:22 -0400    

Click here for diff

When re-reading an update involving both an old tuple and a new tuple from  
disk, reorderbuffer.c was careless about whether the new tuple is suitably  
aligned for direct access --- in general, it isn't.  We'd missed seeing  
this in the buildfarm because the contrib/test_decoding tests exercise this  
code path only a few times, and by chance all of those cases have old  
tuples with length a multiple of 4, which is usually enough to make the  
access to the new tuple's t_len safe.  For some still-not-entirely-clear  
reason, however, Debian's sparc build gets a bus error, as reported by  
Christoph Berg; perhaps it's assuming 8-byte alignment of the pointer?  
  
The lack of previous field reports is probably because you need all of  
these conditions to trigger a crash: an alignment-picky platform (not  
Intel), a transaction large enough to spill to disk, an update within  
that xact that changes a primary-key field and has an odd-length old tuple,  
and of course logical decoding tracing the transaction.  
  
Avoid the alignment assumption by using memcpy instead of fetching t_len  
directly, and add a test case that exposes the crash on picky platforms.  
Back-patch to 9.4 where the bug was introduced.  
  
Discussion: <20160413094117.GC21485@msg.credativ.de>  

M contrib/test_decoding/expected/ddl.out
M contrib/test_decoding/sql/ddl.sql
M src/backend/replication/logical/reorderbuffer.c

Fix pg_dump so pg_upgrade’ing an extension with simple opfamilies works.

commit   : 5daf1012a902bfc00b365360f35ea972a3b19e13    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Wed, 13 Apr 2016 18:57:52 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Wed, 13 Apr 2016 18:57:52 -0400    

Click here for diff

As reported by Michael Feld, pg_upgrade'ing an installation having  
extensions with operator families that contain just a single operator class  
failed to reproduce the extension membership of those operator families.  
This caused no immediate ill effects, but would create problems when later  
trying to do a plain dump and restore, because the seemingly-not-part-of-  
the-extension operator families would appear separately in the pg_dump  
output, and then would conflict with the families created by loading the  
extension.  This has been broken ever since extensions were introduced,  
and many of the standard contrib extensions are affected, so it's a bit  
astonishing nobody complained before.  
  
The cause of the problem is a perhaps-ill-considered decision to omit  
such operator families from pg_dump's output on the grounds that the  
CREATE OPERATOR CLASS commands could recreate them, and having explicit  
CREATE OPERATOR FAMILY commands would impede loading the dump script into  
pre-8.3 servers.  Whatever the merits of that decision when 8.3 was being  
written, it looks like a poor tradeoff now.  We can fix the pg_upgrade  
problem simply by removing that code, so that the operator families are  
dumped explicitly (and then will be properly made to be part of their  
extensions).  
  
Although this fixes the behavior of future pg_upgrade runs, it does nothing  
to clean up existing installations that may have improperly-linked operator  
families.  Given the small number of complaints to date, maybe we don't  
need to worry about providing an automated solution for that; anyone who  
needs to clean it up can do so with manual "ALTER EXTENSION ADD OPERATOR  
FAMILY" commands, or even just ignore the duplicate-opfamily errors they  
get during a pg_restore.  In any case we need this fix.  
  
Back-patch to all supported branches.  
  
Discussion: <20228.1460575691@sss.pgh.pa.us>  

M src/bin/pg_dump/pg_dump.c

Fix freshly-introduced PL/Python portability bug.

commit   : 112e5d2a8b32d574daba9fec9b34bdad01937f76    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Mon, 11 Apr 2016 18:17:02 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Mon, 11 Apr 2016 18:17:02 -0400    

Click here for diff

It turns out that those PyErr_Clear() calls I removed from plpy_elog.c  
in 7e3bb080387f4143 et al were not quite as random as they appeared: they  
mask a Python 2.3.x bug.  (Specifically, it turns out that PyType_Ready()  
can fail if the error indicator is set on entry, and PLy_traceback's fetch  
of frame.f_code may be the first operation in a session that requires the  
"frame" type to be readied.  Ick.)  Put back the clear call, but in a more  
centralized place closer to what it's protecting, and this time with a  
comment warning what it's really for.  
  
Per buildfarm member prairiedog.  Although prairiedog was only failing  
on HEAD, it seems clearly possible for this to occur in older branches  
as well, so back-patch to 9.2 the same as the previous patch.  

M src/pl/plpython/plpy_elog.c

Fix access-to-already-freed-memory issue in plpython’s error handling.

commit   : d54de3962a12e6075eae80fe75afc3ab59eea0d5    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Sun, 10 Apr 2016 23:15:55 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Sun, 10 Apr 2016 23:15:55 -0400    

Click here for diff

PLy_elog() could attempt to access strings that Python had already freed,  
because the strings that PLy_get_spi_error_data() returns are simply  
pointers into storage associated with the error "val" PyObject.  That's  
fine at the instant PLy_get_spi_error_data() returns them, but just after  
that PLy_traceback() intentionally releases the only refcount on that  
object, allowing it to be freed --- so that the strings we pass to  
ereport() are dangling pointers.  
  
In principle this could result in garbage output or a coredump.  In  
practice, I think the risk is pretty low, because there are no Python  
operations between where we decrement that refcount and where we use the  
strings (and copy them into PG storage), and thus no reason for Python  
to recycle the storage.  Still, it's clearly hazardous, and it leads to  
Valgrind complaints when running under a Valgrind that hasn't been  
lobotomized to ignore Python memory allocations.  
  
The code was a mess anyway: we fetched the error data out of Python  
(clearing Python's error indicator) with PyErr_Fetch, examined it, pushed  
it back into Python with PyErr_Restore (re-setting the error indicator),  
then immediately pulled it back out with another PyErr_Fetch.  Just to  
confuse matters even more, there were some gratuitous-and-yet-hazardous  
PyErr_Clear calls in the "examine" step, and we didn't get around to doing  
PyErr_NormalizeException until after the second PyErr_Fetch, making it even  
less clear which object was being manipulated where and whether we still  
had a refcount on it.  (If PyErr_NormalizeException did substitute a  
different "val" object, it's possible that the problem could manifest for  
real, because then we'd be doing assorted Python stuff with no refcount  
on the object we have string pointers into.)  
  
So, rearrange all that into some semblance of sanity, and don't decrement  
the refcount on the Python error objects until the end of PLy_elog().  
In HEAD, I failed to resist the temptation to reformat some messy bits  
from 5c3c3cd0a3046339 along the way.  
  
Back-patch as far as 9.2, because the code is substantially the same  
that far back.  I believe that 9.1 has the bug as well; but the code  
around it is rather different and I don't want to take a chance on  
breaking something for what seems a low-probability problem.  

M src/pl/plpython/plpy_elog.c

Fix possible use of uninitialised value in ts_headline()

commit   : b2a9e161ddb94daf3fa69e177b7e48ee944ec5a2    
  
author   : Teodor Sigaev <teodor@sigaev.ru>    
date     : Fri, 8 Apr 2016 21:25:47 +0300    
  
committer: Teodor Sigaev <teodor@sigaev.ru>    
date     : Fri, 8 Apr 2016 21:25:47 +0300    

Click here for diff

Found during investigation of failure of skink buildfarm member and its  
valgrind report.  
  
Backpatch to all supported branches  

M src/backend/tsearch/wparser_def.c

Turn down MSVC compiler verbosity

commit   : f79a7fa90a7111974aa986ddf2b108f4525d89ab    
  
author   : Andrew Dunstan <andrew@dunslane.net>    
date     : Fri, 8 Apr 2016 12:25:10 -0400    
  
committer: Andrew Dunstan <andrew@dunslane.net>    
date     : Fri, 8 Apr 2016 12:25:10 -0400    

Click here for diff

Most of what is produced by the detailed verbosity level is of no  
interest at all, so switch to the normal level for more usable output.  
  
Christian Ullrich  
  
Backpatch to all live branches  

M src/tools/msvc/build.pl

Fix broken ALTER INDEX documentation

commit   : af3d9fdb88cf7346117885bf731a1aa259d83161    
  
author   : Alvaro Herrera <alvherre@alvh.no-ip.org>    
date     : Tue, 5 Apr 2016 19:03:42 -0300    
  
committer: Alvaro Herrera <alvherre@alvh.no-ip.org>    
date     : Tue, 5 Apr 2016 19:03:42 -0300    

Click here for diff

Commit b8a91d9d1c put the description of the new IF EXISTS clause in the  
wrong place -- move it where it belongs.  
  
Backpatch to 9.2.  

M doc/src/sgml/ref/alter_index.sgml

Disallow newlines in parameter values to be set in ALTER SYSTEM.

commit   : 28148e25823a42877b2f2ee0961afcb8b5243a72    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Mon, 4 Apr 2016 18:05:24 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Mon, 4 Apr 2016 18:05:24 -0400    

Click here for diff

As noted by Julian Schauder in bug #14063, the configuration-file parser  
doesn't support embedded newlines in string literals.  While there might  
someday be a good reason to remove that restriction, there doesn't seem  
to be one right now.  However, ALTER SYSTEM SET could accept strings  
containing newlines, since many of the variable-specific value-checking  
routines would just see a newline as whitespace.  This led to writing a  
postgresql.auto.conf file that was broken and had to be removed manually.  
  
Pending a reason to work harder, just throw an error if someone tries this.  
  
In passing, fix several places in the ALTER SYSTEM logic that failed to  
provide an errcode() for an ereport(), and thus would falsely log the  
failure as an internal XX000 error.  
  
Back-patch to 9.4 where ALTER SYSTEM was introduced.  

M src/backend/utils/misc/guc.c

Fix latent portability issue in pgwin32_dispatch_queued_signals().

commit   : 7901a7f31fe82bbab8ad701fe04188b985c8f1ec    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Mon, 4 Apr 2016 11:13:17 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Mon, 4 Apr 2016 11:13:17 -0400    

Click here for diff

The first iteration of the signal-checking loop would compute sigmask(0)  
which expands to 1<<(-1) which is undefined behavior according to the  
C standard.  The lack of field reports of trouble suggest that it  
evaluates to 0 on all existing Windows compilers, but that's hardly  
something to rely on.  Since signal 0 isn't a queueable signal anyway,  
we can just make the loop iterate from 1 instead, and save a few cycles  
as well as avoiding the undefined behavior.  
  
In passing, avoid evaluating the volatile expression UNBLOCKED_SIGNAL_QUEUE  
twice in a row; there's no reason to waste cycles like that.  
  
Noted by Aleksander Alekseev, though this isn't his proposed fix.  
Back-patch to all supported branches.  

M src/backend/port/win32/signal.c

Remove TZ environment-variable entry from postgres reference page.

commit   : e0fb3a20e4941f6be1e8e524b788d6a5c97e0b00    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Tue, 29 Mar 2016 21:38:15 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Tue, 29 Mar 2016 21:38:15 -0400    

Click here for diff

The server hasn't paid attention to the TZ environment variable since  
commit ca4af308c32d03db, but that commit missed removing this documentation  
reference, as did commit d883b916a947a3c6 which added the reference where  
it now belongs (initdb).  
  
Back-patch to 9.2 where the behavior changed.  Also back-patch  
d883b916a947a3c6 as needed.  
  
Matthew Somerville  

M doc/src/sgml/ref/postgres-ref.sgml

Avoid possibly-unsafe use of Windows’ FormatMessage() function.

commit   : 2fed676c937cdcdfafa72865308b84a7f273e730    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Tue, 29 Mar 2016 11:54:57 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Tue, 29 Mar 2016 11:54:57 -0400    

Click here for diff

Whenever this function is used with the FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_SYSTEM flag,  
it's good practice to include FORMAT_MESSAGE_IGNORE_INSERTS as well.  
Otherwise, if the message contains any %n insertion markers, the function  
will try to fetch argument strings to substitute --- which we are not  
passing, possibly leading to a crash.  This is exactly analogous to the  
rule about not giving printf() a format string you're not in control of.  
  
Noted and patched by Christian Ullrich.  
Back-patch to all supported branches.  

M src/backend/libpq/auth.c
M src/backend/port/win32/socket.c
M src/interfaces/libpq/fe-auth.c
M src/port/dirmod.c