PostgreSQL 9.5.6 commit log

Stamp 9.5.6.

commit   : bcbbc4cfc9ca163c4a562f24ff9e2fb070647786    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Mon, 6 Feb 2017 16:47:25 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Mon, 6 Feb 2017 16:47:25 -0500    

Click here for diff

M configure
M configure.in
M doc/bug.template
M src/include/pg_config.h.win32
M src/interfaces/libpq/libpq.rc.in
M src/port/win32ver.rc

Release notes for 9.6.2, 9.5.6, 9.4.11, 9.3.16, 9.2.20.

commit   : 5127c873aa52e574e8b2dd3ebf488e072a81a3ae    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Mon, 6 Feb 2017 15:30:16 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Mon, 6 Feb 2017 15:30:16 -0500    

Click here for diff

M doc/src/sgml/release-9.2.sgml
M doc/src/sgml/release-9.3.sgml
M doc/src/sgml/release-9.4.sgml
M doc/src/sgml/release-9.5.sgml

Avoid returning stale attribute bitmaps in RelationGetIndexAttrBitmap().

commit   : e935696f4dcbe8bacbd6461f1ec5150f67c1c866    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Mon, 6 Feb 2017 13:19:51 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Mon, 6 Feb 2017 13:19:51 -0500    

Click here for diff

The problem with the original coding here is that we might receive (and  
clear) a relcache invalidation signal for the target relation down inside  
one of the index_open calls we're doing.  Since the target is open, we  
would not drop the relcache entry, just reset its rd_indexvalid and  
rd_indexlist fields.  But RelationGetIndexAttrBitmap() kept going, and  
would eventually cache and return potentially-obsolete attribute bitmaps.  
  
The case where this matters is where the inval signal was from a CREATE  
INDEX CONCURRENTLY telling us about a new index on a formerly-unindexed  
column.  (In all other cases, the lock we hold on the target rel should  
prevent any concurrent change in index state.)  Even just returning the  
stale attribute bitmap is not such a problem, because it shouldn't matter  
during the transaction in which we receive the signal.  What hurts is  
caching the stale data, because it can survive into later transactions,  
breaking CREATE INDEX CONCURRENTLY's expectation that later transactions  
will not create new broken HOT chains.  The upshot is that there's a window  
for building corrupted indexes during CREATE INDEX CONCURRENTLY.  
  
This patch fixes the problem by rechecking that the set of index OIDs  
is still the same at the end of RelationGetIndexAttrBitmap() as it was  
at the start.  If not, we loop back and try again.  That's a little  
more than is strictly necessary to fix the bug --- in principle, we  
could return the stale data but not cache it --- but it seems like a  
bad idea on general principles for relcache to return data it knows  
is stale.  
  
There might be more hazards of the same ilk, or there might be a better  
way to fix this one, but this patch definitely improves matters and seems  
unlikely to make anything worse.  So let's push it into today's releases  
even as we continue to study the problem.  
  
Pavan Deolasee and myself  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/CABOikdM2MUq9cyZJi1KyLmmkCereyGp5JQ4fuwKoyKEde_mzkQ@mail.gmail.com  

M src/backend/utils/cache/relcache.c

Translation updates

commit   : a7eddfa2282d166872d131b608c1a3dacd47ee5e    
  
author   : Peter Eisentraut <peter_e@gmx.net>    
date     : Mon, 6 Feb 2017 12:39:38 -0500    
  
committer: Peter Eisentraut <peter_e@gmx.net>    
date     : Mon, 6 Feb 2017 12:39:38 -0500    

Click here for diff

Source-Git-URL: git://git.postgresql.org/git/pgtranslation/messages.git  
Source-Git-Hash: e7df014526482b9ee2f736d01d09cf979a4e31e2  

M src/backend/po/de.po
M src/backend/po/es.po
M src/backend/po/fr.po
M src/backend/po/ru.po
M src/bin/initdb/po/ru.po
M src/bin/pg_controldata/po/ru.po
M src/bin/pg_ctl/po/ru.po
M src/bin/pg_dump/po/de.po
M src/bin/pg_dump/po/fr.po
M src/bin/pg_dump/po/ru.po
M src/bin/pg_resetxlog/po/ru.po
M src/bin/pg_rewind/po/fr.po
M src/bin/pg_rewind/po/pt_BR.po
M src/bin/pg_rewind/po/ru.po
M src/bin/psql/po/fr.po
M src/bin/psql/po/pt_BR.po
M src/bin/psql/po/ru.po
M src/bin/scripts/po/ru.po
M src/interfaces/ecpg/preproc/po/ru.po
M src/interfaces/libpq/po/ru.po
M src/pl/plpgsql/src/po/ru.po
M src/pl/plpython/po/de.po
M src/pl/plpython/po/ru.po
M src/pl/tcl/po/ru.po

Add missing newline to error messages

commit   : cff0d02e8e8e26b67865967c088ef65aaeb2deff    
  
author   : Peter Eisentraut <peter_e@gmx.net>    
date     : Mon, 6 Feb 2017 09:47:39 -0500    
  
committer: Peter Eisentraut <peter_e@gmx.net>    
date     : Mon, 6 Feb 2017 09:47:39 -0500    

Click here for diff

Also improve the message style a bit while we're here.  

M src/bin/pg_dump/pg_dump.c

Fix typo also in expected output.

commit   : 8e93e759bbcec69f7e0e778e25aa335e72a50d91    
  
author   : Heikki Linnakangas <heikki.linnakangas@iki.fi>    
date     : Mon, 6 Feb 2017 12:04:04 +0200    
  
committer: Heikki Linnakangas <heikki.linnakangas@iki.fi>    
date     : Mon, 6 Feb 2017 12:04:04 +0200    

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Commit 181bdb90ba fixed the typo in the .sql file, but forgot to update the  
expected output.  

M contrib/sepgsql/expected/label.out

Fix typos in comments.

commit   : 3aee34d41d38f16546dd0761b9652e47be29f006    
  
author   : Heikki Linnakangas <heikki.linnakangas@iki.fi>    
date     : Mon, 6 Feb 2017 11:33:58 +0200    
  
committer: Heikki Linnakangas <heikki.linnakangas@iki.fi>    
date     : Mon, 6 Feb 2017 11:33:58 +0200    

Click here for diff

Backpatch to all supported versions, where applicable, to make backpatching  
of future fixes go more smoothly.  
  
Josh Soref  
  
Discussion: https://www.postgresql.org/message-id/CACZqfqCf+5qRztLPgmmosr-B0Ye4srWzzw_mo4c_8_B_mtjmJQ@mail.gmail.com  

M configure
M configure.in
M contrib/cube/expected/cube.out
M contrib/cube/expected/cube_1.out
M contrib/cube/expected/cube_2.out
M contrib/cube/expected/cube_3.out
M contrib/cube/sql/cube.sql
M contrib/earthdistance/earthdistance–1.0.sql
M contrib/isn/ISSN.h
M contrib/isn/isn.c
M contrib/ltree/expected/ltree.out
M contrib/ltree/ltxtquery_io.c
M contrib/ltree/sql/ltree.sql
M contrib/pg_standby/pg_standby.c
M contrib/pg_stat_statements/pg_stat_statements.c
M contrib/pgcrypto/mbuf.c
M contrib/pgcrypto/pgp-mpi-internal.c
M contrib/pgcrypto/pgp-mpi-openssl.c
M contrib/seg/seg.c
M contrib/sepgsql/selinux.c
M contrib/sepgsql/sql/label.sql
M contrib/spi/refint.c
M contrib/start-scripts/osx/PostgreSQL
M contrib/tsearch2/tsearch2–1.0.sql
M contrib/xml2/xpath.c
M src/Makefile.shlib
M src/backend/access/gist/README
M src/backend/access/heap/rewriteheap.c
M src/backend/access/transam/commit_ts.c
M src/backend/access/transam/xact.c
M src/backend/catalog/objectaddress.c
M src/backend/commands/dbcommands.c
M src/backend/commands/explain.c
M src/backend/commands/functioncmds.c
M src/backend/commands/indexcmds.c
M src/backend/commands/tablecmds.c
M src/backend/executor/nodeWindowAgg.c
M src/backend/libpq/hba.c
M src/backend/optimizer/geqo/geqo_erx.c
M src/backend/optimizer/path/joinpath.c
M src/backend/optimizer/plan/planmain.c
M src/backend/optimizer/util/joininfo.c
M src/backend/optimizer/util/restrictinfo.c
M src/backend/parser/gram.y
M src/backend/postmaster/postmaster.c
M src/backend/replication/logical/origin.c
M src/backend/replication/logical/reorderbuffer.c
M src/backend/replication/logical/snapbuild.c
M src/backend/storage/ipc/shm_mq.c
M src/backend/storage/lmgr/lock.c
M src/backend/storage/lmgr/lwlock.c
M src/backend/storage/lmgr/predicate.c
M src/backend/tsearch/ts_parse.c
M src/backend/tsearch/wparser_def.c
M src/backend/utils/adt/formatting.c
M src/backend/utils/adt/rangetypes_selfuncs.c
M src/backend/utils/adt/ruleutils.c
M src/backend/utils/adt/tsrank.c
M src/backend/utils/adt/windowfuncs.c
M src/backend/utils/cache/relcache.c
M src/backend/utils/fmgr/funcapi.c
M src/backend/utils/init/postinit.c
M src/backend/utils/misc/Makefile
M src/backend/utils/time/tqual.c
M src/bin/pg_dump/pg_backup_custom.c
M src/bin/psql/common.c
M src/bin/psql/describe.c
M src/include/access/xact.h
M src/include/c.h
M src/include/storage/s_lock.h
M src/interfaces/ecpg/ecpglib/execute.c
M src/interfaces/ecpg/pgtypeslib/datetime.c
M src/interfaces/ecpg/pgtypeslib/numeric.c
M src/interfaces/ecpg/preproc/ecpg.header
M src/interfaces/ecpg/preproc/ecpg.trailer
M src/interfaces/ecpg/preproc/parse.pl
M src/interfaces/libpq/fe-auth.c
M src/interfaces/libpq/libpq-int.h
M src/interfaces/libpq/win32.c
M src/pl/plperl/ppport.h
M src/pl/plpython/plpy_elog.c
M src/pl/plpython/plpy_typeio.h
M src/test/isolation/specs/receipt-report.spec
M src/test/isolation/specs/two-ids.spec
M src/test/regress/expected/alter_table.out
M src/test/regress/expected/indirect_toast.out
M src/test/regress/expected/insert_conflict.out
M src/test/regress/expected/join.out
M src/test/regress/expected/matview.out
M src/test/regress/expected/plpgsql.out
M src/test/regress/expected/replica_identity.out
M src/test/regress/expected/rolenames.out
M src/test/regress/expected/rules.out
M src/test/regress/expected/tsdicts.out
M src/test/regress/sql/alter_table.sql
M src/test/regress/sql/indirect_toast.sql
M src/test/regress/sql/insert_conflict.sql
M src/test/regress/sql/join.sql
M src/test/regress/sql/matview.sql
M src/test/regress/sql/plpgsql.sql
M src/test/regress/sql/replica_identity.sql
M src/test/regress/sql/rolenames.sql
M src/test/regress/sql/rules.sql
M src/test/regress/sql/tsdicts.sql
M src/test/ssl/ServerSetup.pm

Add KOI8-U map files to Makefile.

commit   : e5e75ea288299aafe6dba1d1c18f284593210596    
  
author   : Heikki Linnakangas <heikki.linnakangas@iki.fi>    
date     : Thu, 2 Feb 2017 14:12:35 +0200    
  
committer: Heikki Linnakangas <heikki.linnakangas@iki.fi>    
date     : Thu, 2 Feb 2017 14:12:35 +0200    

Click here for diff

These were left out by mistake back when support for KOI8-U encoding was  
added.  
  
Extracted from Kyotaro Horiguchi's larger patch.  

M src/backend/utils/mb/Unicode/Makefile

Update time zone data files to tzdata release 2016j.

commit   : 4c729f4718772d49230fd932322fd6bffa762e10    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Mon, 30 Jan 2017 11:40:22 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Mon, 30 Jan 2017 11:40:22 -0500    

Click here for diff

DST law changes in northern Cyprus (new zone Asia/Famagusta), Russia (new  
zone Europe/Saratov), Tonga, Antarctica/Casey.  Historical corrections for  
Asia/Aqtau, Asia/Atyrau, Asia/Gaza, Asia/Hebron, Italy, Malta.  Replace  
invented zone abbreviation "TOT" for Tonga with numeric UTC offset; but  
as in the past, we'll keep accepting "TOT" for input.  

M src/timezone/data/africa
M src/timezone/data/antarctica
M src/timezone/data/asia
M src/timezone/data/australasia
M src/timezone/data/europe
M src/timezone/known_abbrevs.txt
M src/timezone/tznames/Default
M src/timezone/tznames/Pacific.txt

Orthography fixes for new castNode() macro.

commit   : d63917d6aa6f9638ae523aff387911cb343c5eba    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Fri, 27 Jan 2017 08:33:58 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Fri, 27 Jan 2017 08:33:58 -0500    

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Clean up hastily-composed comment.  Normalize whitespace.  
  
Erik Rijkers and myself  

M src/include/nodes/nodes.h

Check interrupts during hot standby waits

commit   : ace2cd80a028fc8775146c946d3aff87810e4392    
  
author   : Simon Riggs <simon@2ndQuadrant.com>    
date     : Fri, 27 Jan 2017 12:15:02 +0000    
  
committer: Simon Riggs <simon@2ndQuadrant.com>    
date     : Fri, 27 Jan 2017 12:15:02 +0000    

Click here for diff

M src/backend/storage/ipc/standby.c

Add castNode(type, ptr) for safe casting between NodeTag based types.

commit   : 8fef0c34143ba45d4efcd0c352dee23602be54af    
  
author   : Andres Freund <andres@anarazel.de>    
date     : Thu, 26 Jan 2017 16:47:03 -0800    
  
committer: Andres Freund <andres@anarazel.de>    
date     : Thu, 26 Jan 2017 16:47:03 -0800    

Click here for diff

The new function allows to cast from one NodeTag based type to  
another, while asserting that the conversion is valid.  This replaces  
the common pattern of doing a cast and a Assert(IsA(ptr, type))  
close-by.  
  
As this seems likely to be used pervasively, we decided to backpatch  
this change the addition of this macro. Otherwise backpatched fixes  
are more likely not to work on back-branches.  
  
On branches before 9.6, where we do not yet rely on inline functions  
being available, the type assertion is only performed if PG_USE_INLINE  
support is detected. The cast obviously is performed regardless.  
  
For the benefit of verifying the macro compiles in the back-branches,  
this commit contains a single use of the new macro. On master, a  
somewhat larger conversion will be committed separately.  
  
Author: Peter Eisentraut and Andres Freund  
Reviewed-By: Tom Lane  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/c5d387d9-3440-f5e0-f9d4-71d53b9fbe52@2ndquadrant.com  
Backpatch: 9.2-  

M src/backend/tcop/postgres.c
M src/include/nodes/nodes.h

Add missed update in expected file

commit   : f90860f339f6bb49a46ae0a2e4cedb109b3c9764    
  
author   : Alvaro Herrera <alvherre@alvh.no-ip.org>    
date     : Thu, 26 Jan 2017 18:06:06 -0300    
  
committer: Alvaro Herrera <alvherre@alvh.no-ip.org>    
date     : Thu, 26 Jan 2017 18:06:06 -0300    

Click here for diff

M src/test/modules/test_ddl_deparse/expected/comment_on.out

Remove test for COMMENT ON DATABASE

commit   : 7fb29ea9c6269d9a2345a9dfa91cd066eb66bedc    
  
author   : Alvaro Herrera <alvherre@alvh.no-ip.org>    
date     : Thu, 26 Jan 2017 17:45:22 -0300    
  
committer: Alvaro Herrera <alvherre@alvh.no-ip.org>    
date     : Thu, 26 Jan 2017 17:45:22 -0300    

Click here for diff

Our current DDL only allows a database name to be specified in COMMENT  
ON DATABASE, which Andrew Dunstan reports to make this test fail on the  
buildfarm.  Remove the line until we gain a DDL command that allows the  
current database to be operated on without having the specify it by  
name.  
  
Backpatch to 9.5, where these tests appeared.  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/e6084b89-07a7-7e57-51ee-d7b8fc9ec864@2ndQuadrant.com  

M src/test/modules/test_ddl_deparse/sql/comment_on.sql

Reset hot standby xmin after restart

commit   : 99289e50606e7be4202c15c40caf27cf77893d58    
  
author   : Simon Riggs <simon@2ndQuadrant.com>    
date     : Thu, 26 Jan 2017 20:09:18 +0000    
  
committer: Simon Riggs <simon@2ndQuadrant.com>    
date     : Thu, 26 Jan 2017 20:09:18 +0000    

Click here for diff

Hot_standby_feedback could be reset by reload and worked correctly, but if  
the server was restarted rather than reloaded the xmin was not reset.  
Force reset always if hot_standby_feedback is enabled at startup.  
  
Ants Aasma, Craig Ringer  
  
Reported-by: Ants Aasma  

M src/backend/replication/walreceiver.c

Ensure that a tsquery like ‘!foo’ matches empty tsvectors.

commit   : 423ad86f422397ce145cc3f5b3e56d2a11ccb6a6    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Thu, 26 Jan 2017 12:17:47 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Thu, 26 Jan 2017 12:17:47 -0500    

Click here for diff

!foo means "the tsvector does not contain foo", and therefore it should  
match an empty tsvector.  ts_match_vq() overenthusiastically supposed  
that an empty tsvector could never match any query, so it forcibly  
returned FALSE, the wrong answer.  Remove the premature optimization.  
  
Our behavior on this point was inconsistent, because while seqscans and  
GIST index searches both failed to match empty tsvectors, GIN index  
searches would find them, since GIN scans don't rely on ts_match_vq().  
That makes this certainly a bug, not a debatable definition disagreement,  
so back-patch to all supported branches.  
  
Report and diagnosis by Tom Dunstan (bug #14515); added test cases by me.  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/20170126025524.1434.97828@wrigleys.postgresql.org  

M src/backend/utils/adt/tsvector_op.c
M src/test/regress/expected/tsearch.out
M src/test/regress/expected/tstypes.out
M src/test/regress/sql/tsearch.sql
M src/test/regress/sql/tstypes.sql

Fix comments in StrategyNotifyBgWriter().

commit   : 557917769ada4988c15f81f44ed278a5c8c687a4    
  
author   : Tatsuo Ishii <ishii@postgresql.org>    
date     : Tue, 24 Jan 2017 09:39:11 +0900    
  
committer: Tatsuo Ishii <ishii@postgresql.org>    
date     : Tue, 24 Jan 2017 09:39:11 +0900    

Click here for diff

The interface for the function was changed in  
d72731a70450b5e7084991b9caa15cb58a2820df but the comments of the  
function was not updated.  
  
Patch by Yugo Nagata.  

M src/backend/storage/buffer/freelist.c

doc: Update URL for Microsoft download site

commit   : 9cb83818ccfa116309283cff1c01ca2b75670aa7    
  
author   : Peter Eisentraut <peter_e@gmx.net>    
date     : Tue, 17 Jan 2017 12:00:00 -0500    
  
committer: Peter Eisentraut <peter_e@gmx.net>    
date     : Tue, 17 Jan 2017 12:00:00 -0500    

Click here for diff

M doc/src/sgml/install-windows.sgml

Avoid useless respawining the autovacuum launcher at high speed.

commit   : aeaaf62aa57a6b8d35a092b4897a801e1881a9a0    
  
author   : Robert Haas <rhaas@postgresql.org>    
date     : Fri, 20 Jan 2017 15:55:45 -0500    
  
committer: Robert Haas <rhaas@postgresql.org>    
date     : Fri, 20 Jan 2017 15:55:45 -0500    

Click here for diff

When (1) autovacuum = off and (2) there's at least one database with  
an XID age greater than autovacuum_freeze_max_age and (3) all tables  
in that database that need vacuuming are already being processed by a  
worker and (4) the autovacuum launcher is started, a kind of infinite  
loop occurs.  The launcher starts a worker and immediately exits.  The  
worker, finding no worker to do, immediately starts the launcher,  
supposedly so that the next database can be processed.  But because  
datfrozenxid for that database hasn't been advanced yet, the new  
worker gets put right back into the same database as the old one,  
where it once again starts the launcher and exits.  High-speed ping  
pong ensues.  
  
There are several possible ways to break the cycle; this seems like  
the safest one.  
  
Amit Khandekar (code) and Robert Haas (comments), reviewed by  
Álvaro Herrera.  
  
Discussion: http://postgr.es/m/CAJ3gD9eWejf72HKquKSzax0r+epS=nAbQKNnykkMA0E8c+rMDg@mail.gmail.com  

M src/backend/postmaster/autovacuum.c

Reset the proper GUC in create_index test.

commit   : b60f9820fbc1ee9d5a74269c6a152527de841a17    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Wed, 18 Jan 2017 16:33:18 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Wed, 18 Jan 2017 16:33:18 -0500    

Click here for diff

Thinko in commit a4523c5aa.  It doesn't really affect anything at  
present, but it would be a problem if any tests added later in this  
file ought to get index-only-scan plans.  Back-patch, like the previous  
commit, just to avoid surprises in case we add such a test and then  
back-patch it.  
  
Nikita Glukhov  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/8b70135d-ad38-bdd8-ac92-71e2b3c273cf@postgrespro.ru  

M src/test/regress/expected/create_index.out
M src/test/regress/sql/create_index.sql

Change some test macros to return true booleans

commit   : 5f4ae4f3cd58d885593c0c56482d99d06b47a3ad    
  
author   : Alvaro Herrera <alvherre@alvh.no-ip.org>    
date     : Wed, 18 Jan 2017 18:06:13 -0300    
  
committer: Alvaro Herrera <alvherre@alvh.no-ip.org>    
date     : Wed, 18 Jan 2017 18:06:13 -0300    

Click here for diff

These macros work fine when they are used directly in an "if" test or  
similar, but as soon as the return values are assigned to boolean  
variables (or passed as boolean arguments to some function), they become  
bugs, hopefully caught by compiler warnings.  To avoid future problems,  
fix the definitions so that they return actual booleans.  
  
To further minimize the risk that somebody uses them in back-patched  
fixes that only work correctly in branches starting from the current  
master and not in old ones, back-patch the change to supported branches  
as appropriate.  
  
See also commit af4472bcb88ab36b9abbe7fd5858e570a65a2d1a, and the long  
discussion (and larger patch) in the thread mentioned in its commit  
message.  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/18672.1483022414@sss.pgh.pa.us  

M src/include/access/htup_details.h

Disable transforms that replaced AT TIME ZONE with RelabelType.

commit   : 74e67bbad6b435310c375dd9f57c0210ef796bd0    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Wed, 18 Jan 2017 15:21:52 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Wed, 18 Jan 2017 15:21:52 -0500    

Click here for diff

These resulted in wrong answers if the relabeled argument could be matched  
to an index column, as shown in bug #14504 from Evgeniy Kozlov.  We might  
be able to resurrect these optimizations by adjusting the planner's  
treatment of RelabelType, or by adjusting btree's rules for selecting  
comparison functions, but either solution will take careful analysis  
and does not sound like a fit candidate for backpatching.  
  
I left the catalog infrastructure in place and just reduced the transform  
functions to always-return-NULL.  This would be necessary anyway in the  
back branches, and it doesn't seem important to be more invasive in HEAD.  
  
Bug introduced by commit b8a18ad48.  Back-patch to 9.5 where that came in.  
  
Report: https://postgr.es/m/20170118144828.1432.52823@wrigleys.postgresql.org  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/18771.1484759439@sss.pgh.pa.us  

M src/backend/utils/adt/timestamp.c
M src/test/regress/expected/timestamptz.out
M src/test/regress/sql/timestamptz.sql

commit   : dfe348c1b1ca5327cf2ff058b795ac188d442715    
  
author   : Fujii Masao <fujii@postgresql.org>    
date     : Tue, 17 Jan 2017 17:30:26 +0900    
  
committer: Fujii Masao <fujii@postgresql.org>    
date     : Tue, 17 Jan 2017 17:30:26 +0900    

Click here for diff

Previously multiple sessions could execute pg_start_backup() and  
pg_stop_backup() to start and stop an exclusive backup at the same time.  
This could trigger the assertion failure of  
"FailedAssertion("!(XLogCtl->Insert.exclusiveBackup)".  
This happend because, even while pg_start_backup() was starting  
an exclusive backup, other session could run pg_stop_backup()  
concurrently and mark the backup as not-in-progress unconditionally.  
  
This patch introduces ExclusiveBackupState indicating the state of  
an exclusive backup. This state is used to ensure that there is only  
one session running pg_start_backup() or pg_stop_backup() at  
the same time, to avoid the assertion failure.  
  
Back-patch to all supported versions.  
  
Author: Michael Paquier  
Reviewed-By: Kyotaro Horiguchi and me  
Reported-By: Andreas Seltenreich  
Discussion: <87mvktojme.fsf@credativ.de>  

M src/backend/access/transam/xlog.c

Throw suitable error for COPY TO STDOUT/FROM STDIN in a SQL function.

commit   : a23ea8f65e07aa56a501bbdd68068b52469d77cf    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Sat, 14 Jan 2017 13:27:47 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Sat, 14 Jan 2017 13:27:47 -0500    

Click here for diff

A client copy can't work inside a function because the FE/BE wire protocol  
doesn't support nesting of a COPY operation within query results.  (Maybe  
it could, but the protocol spec doesn't suggest that clients should support  
this, and libpq for one certainly doesn't.)  
  
In most PLs, this prohibition is enforced by spi.c, but SQL functions don't  
use SPI.  A comparison of _SPI_execute_plan() and init_execution_state()  
shows that rejecting client COPY is the only discrepancy in what they  
allow, so there's no other similar bugs.  
  
This is an astonishingly ancient oversight, so back-patch to all supported  
branches.  
  
Report: https://postgr.es/m/BY2PR05MB2309EABA3DEFA0143F50F0D593780@BY2PR05MB2309.namprd05.prod.outlook.com  

M src/backend/executor/functions.c

pg_upgrade: Fix for changed pg_ctl default stop mode

commit   : 7fbd3ddd1d2b76c0229cdc44d355b6238c146335    
  
author   : Peter Eisentraut <peter_e@gmx.net>    
date     : Fri, 13 Jan 2017 12:00:00 -0500    
  
committer: Peter Eisentraut <peter_e@gmx.net>    
date     : Fri, 13 Jan 2017 12:00:00 -0500    

Click here for diff

In 9.5, the default pg_ctl stop mode was changed from "smart" to "fast".  
pg_upgrade still thought the default mode was "smart" and only specified  
the mode when "fast" was asked for.  This results in using "fast" all  
the time.  It's not clear what the effect in practice is, but fix it  
nonetheless to restore the previous behavior.  

M src/bin/pg_upgrade/server.c

pg_restore: Don’t allow non-positive number of jobs

commit   : 26e7cdb3a80d340742aeb5bfe2dbc42edfb9d34b    
  
author   : Stephen Frost <sfrost@snowman.net>    
date     : Wed, 11 Jan 2017 15:45:56 -0500    
  
committer: Stephen Frost <sfrost@snowman.net>    
date     : Wed, 11 Jan 2017 15:45:56 -0500    

Click here for diff

pg_restore will currently accept invalid values for the number of  
parallel jobs to run (eg: -1), unlike pg_dump which does check that the  
value provided is reasonable.  
  
Worse, '-1' is actually a valid, independent, parameter (as an alias for  
--single-transaction), leading to potentially completely unexpected  
results from a command line such as:  
  
  -> pg_restore -j -1  
  
Where a user would get neither parallel jobs nor a single-transaction.  
  
Add in validity checking of the parallel jobs option, as we already have  
in pg_dump, before we try to open up the archive.  Also move the check  
that we haven't been asked to run more parallel jobs than possible on  
Windows to the same place, so we do all the option validity checking  
before opening the archive.  
  
Back-patch all the way, though for 9.2 we're adding the Windows-specific  
check against MAXIMUM_WAIT_OBJECTS as that check wasn't back-patched  
originally.  
  
Discussion: https://www.postgresql.org/message-id/20170110044815.GC18360%40tamriel.snowman.net  

M src/bin/pg_dump/pg_restore.c

Fix invalid-parallel-jobs error message

commit   : f12681079020eea53ea9a0eb994ac2ee6190770f    
  
author   : Stephen Frost <sfrost@snowman.net>    
date     : Mon, 9 Jan 2017 23:09:35 -0500    
  
committer: Stephen Frost <sfrost@snowman.net>    
date     : Mon, 9 Jan 2017 23:09:35 -0500    

Click here for diff

Including the program name twice is not helpful:  
  
-> pg_dump -j -1  
pg_dump: pg_dump: invalid number of parallel jobs  
  
Correct by removing the progname from the exit_horribly() call used when  
validating the number of parallel jobs.  
  
Noticed while testing various pg_dump error cases.  
  
Back-patch to 9.3 where parallel pg_dump was added.  

M src/bin/pg_dump/pg_dump.c

Fix ALTER TABLE / SET TYPE for irregular inheritance

commit   : 4d4ab6ccd8a24a91ef9fc1904f0e80a2fd0377fe    
  
author   : Alvaro Herrera <alvherre@alvh.no-ip.org>    
date     : Mon, 9 Jan 2017 19:26:58 -0300    
  
committer: Alvaro Herrera <alvherre@alvh.no-ip.org>    
date     : Mon, 9 Jan 2017 19:26:58 -0300    

Click here for diff

If inherited tables don't have exactly the same schema, the USING clause  
in an ALTER TABLE / SET DATA TYPE misbehaves when applied to the  
children tables since commit 9550e8348b79.  Starting with that commit,  
the attribute numbers in the USING expression are fixed during parse  
analysis.  This can lead to bogus errors being reported during  
execution, such as:  
   ERROR:  attribute 2 has wrong type  
   DETAIL:  Table has type smallint, but query expects integer.  
  
Since it wouldn't do to revert to the original coding, we now apply a  
transformation to map the attribute numbers to the correct ones for each  
child.  
  
Reported by Justin Pryzby  
Analysis by Tom Lane; patch by me.  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/20170102225618.GA10071@telsasoft.com  

M src/backend/access/common/tupconvert.c
M src/backend/commands/tablecmds.c
M src/include/access/tupconvert.h
M src/test/regress/expected/alter_table.out
M src/test/regress/sql/alter_table.sql

BRIN revmap pages are not standard pages …

commit   : ed8e8b8149220809881d7a275104621fddc36289    
  
author   : Alvaro Herrera <alvherre@alvh.no-ip.org>    
date     : Mon, 9 Jan 2017 18:19:29 -0300    
  
committer: Alvaro Herrera <alvherre@alvh.no-ip.org>    
date     : Mon, 9 Jan 2017 18:19:29 -0300    

Click here for diff

... and therefore we ought not to tell XLogRegisterBuffer the opposite,  
when writing XLog for a brin update that moves the index tuple to a  
different page.  Otherwise, xlog insertion would try to "compress the  
hole" when producing a full-page image for it; but since we don't update  
pd_lower/upper, the hole covers the whole page.  On WAL replay, the  
revmap page becomes empty and so the entire portion of the index is  
useless and needs to be recomputed.  
  
This is low-probability: a BRIN update only moves an index tuple to a  
different page when the summary tuple is larger than the existing one,  
which doesn't happen with fixed-width datatypes.  Also, the revmap  
page must be first after a checkpoint.  
  
Report and patch: Kuntal Ghosh  
Bug is alleged to have detected by a WAL-consistency-checking tool.  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/CAGz5QCJ=00UQjScSEFbV=0qO5ShTZB9WWz_Fm7+Wd83zPs9Geg@mail.gmail.com  
  
I posted a test case demonstrating the problem, but I'm refraining from  
adding it to the test suite; if the WAL consistency tool makes it in,  
that will be a better way to catch this from regressing.  (We should  
definitely have someting that causes not-same-page updates, though.)  

M src/backend/access/brin/brin_pageops.c

Invalidate cached plans on FDW option changes.

commit   : aaf12e577ee9bfe71aae43879e41007628ad1143    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Fri, 6 Jan 2017 14:12:52 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Fri, 6 Jan 2017 14:12:52 -0500    

Click here for diff

This fixes problems where a plan must change but fails to do so,  
as seen in a bug report from Rajkumar Raghuwanshi.  
  
For ALTER FOREIGN TABLE OPTIONS, do this through the standard method of  
forcing a relcache flush on the table.  For ALTER FOREIGN DATA WRAPPER  
and ALTER SERVER, just flush the whole plan cache on any change in  
pg_foreign_data_wrapper or pg_foreign_server.  That matches the way  
we handle some other low-probability cases such as opclass changes, and  
it's unclear that the case arises often enough to be worth working harder.  
Besides, that gives a patch that is simple enough to back-patch with  
confidence.  
  
Back-patch to 9.3.  In principle we could apply the code change to 9.2 as  
well, but (a) we lack postgres_fdw to test it with, (b) it's doubtful that  
anyone is doing anything exciting enough with FDWs that far back to need  
this desperately, and (c) the patch doesn't apply cleanly.  
  
Patch originally by Amit Langote, reviewed by Etsuro Fujita and Ashutosh  
Bapat, who each contributed substantial changes as well.  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/CAKcux6m5cA6rRPTKkqVdJ-R=KKDfe35Q_ZuUqxDSV_4hwga=og@mail.gmail.com  

M contrib/postgres_fdw/expected/postgres_fdw.out
M contrib/postgres_fdw/sql/postgres_fdw.sql
M src/backend/commands/tablecmds.c
M src/backend/utils/cache/plancache.c

Fix handling of empty arrays in array_fill().

commit   : 4555a375a1b27a49f5f9da2474159557360d17de    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Thu, 5 Jan 2017 11:33:51 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Thu, 5 Jan 2017 11:33:51 -0500    

Click here for diff

array_fill(..., array[0]) produced an empty array, which is probably  
what users expect, but it was a one-dimensional zero-length array  
which is not our standard representation of empty arrays.  Also, for  
no very good reason, it rejected empty input arrays; that case should  
be allowed and produce an empty output array.  
  
In passing, remove the restriction that the input array(s) have lower  
bound 1.  That seems rather pointless, and it would have needed extra  
complexity to make the check deal with empty input arrays.  
  
Per bug #14487 from Andrew Gierth.  It's been broken all along, so  
back-patch to all supported branches.  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/20170105152156.10135.64195@wrigleys.postgresql.org  

M src/backend/utils/adt/arrayfuncs.c
M src/test/regress/expected/arrays.out
M src/test/regress/sql/arrays.sql

Handle OID column inheritance correctly in ALTER TABLE … INHERIT.

commit   : 50c8196f946d55f7f4b998491e48f592f711c4fe    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Wed, 4 Jan 2017 18:00:11 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Wed, 4 Jan 2017 18:00:11 -0500    

Click here for diff

Inheritance operations must treat the OID column, if any, much like  
regular user columns.  But MergeAttributesIntoExisting() neglected to  
do that, leading to weird results after a table with OIDs is associated  
to a parent with OIDs via ALTER TABLE ... INHERIT.  
  
Report and patch by Amit Langote, reviewed by Ashutosh Bapat, some  
adjustments by me.  It's been broken all along, so back-patch to  
all supported branches.  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/cb13cfe7-a48c-5720-c383-bb843ab28298@lab.ntt.co.jp  

M src/backend/commands/tablecmds.c
M src/test/regress/expected/inherit.out
M src/test/regress/sql/inherit.sql

Prefer int-wide pg_atomic_flag over char-wide when using gcc intrinsics.

commit   : 1ed8335ce04598e63944f063c4dc6a8ab08e47bc    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Wed, 4 Jan 2017 13:36:44 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Wed, 4 Jan 2017 13:36:44 -0500    

Click here for diff

configure can only probe the existence of gcc intrinsics, not how well  
they're implemented, and unfortunately the answer is sometimes "badly".  
In particular we've found that multiple compilers fail to implement  
char-width __sync_lock_test_and_set() correctly on PPC; and even a correct  
implementation would necessarily be pretty inefficient, since that hardware  
has only a word-wide primitive to work with.  
  
Given the knowledge we've accumulated in s_lock.h, it appears that it's  
best to rely on int-width TAS operations on most non-Intel architectures.  
Hence, pick int not char when both are nominally available to us in  
generic-gcc.h (note that that code is not used for x86[_64]).  
  
Back-patch to fix regression test failures on FreeBSD/PPC.  Ordinarily  
back-patching a change like this would be verboten because of ABI breakage.  
But since pg_atomic_flag is not yet used in any Postgres data structure,  
there's no ABI to break.  It seems safer to back-patch to avoid possible  
gotchas, if someday we do back-patch something that uses pg_atomic_flag.  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/25414.1483076673@sss.pgh.pa.us  

M src/include/port/atomics/generic-gcc.h

commit   : 92ade06b2cf3985a93f45edd10d4855dcc0bf26d    
  
author   : Bruce Momjian <bruce@momjian.us>    
date     : Tue, 3 Jan 2017 12:37:53 -0500    
  
committer: Bruce Momjian <bruce@momjian.us>    
date     : Tue, 3 Jan 2017 12:37:53 -0500    

Click here for diff

Backpatch-through: certain files through 9.2  

M COPYRIGHT
M doc/src/sgml/legal.sgml

Remove bogus notice that older clients might not work with MD5 passwords.

commit   : 65a7f190b2537218dcbe47ef9d75fc99adcbe99a    
  
author   : Heikki Linnakangas <heikki.linnakangas@iki.fi>    
date     : Tue, 3 Jan 2017 14:09:01 +0200    
  
committer: Heikki Linnakangas <heikki.linnakangas@iki.fi>    
date     : Tue, 3 Jan 2017 14:09:01 +0200    

Click here for diff

That was written when we still had "crypt" authentication, and it was  
referring to the fact that an older client might support "crypt"  
authentication but not "md5". But we haven't supported "crypt" for years.  
(As soon as we add a new authentication mechanism that doesn't work with  
MD5 hashes, we'll need a similar notice again. But this text as it's worded  
now is just wrong.)  
  
Backpatch to all supported versions.  
  
Discussion: https://www.postgresql.org/message-id/9a7263eb-0980-2072-4424-440bb2513dc7@iki.fi  

M doc/src/sgml/ref/create_role.sgml

Silence compiler warnings

commit   : cbc62b22952006324199979396d229ce82f6a0d7    
  
author   : Joe Conway <mail@joeconway.com>    
date     : Mon, 2 Jan 2017 14:42:44 -0800    
  
committer: Joe Conway <mail@joeconway.com>    
date     : Mon, 2 Jan 2017 14:42:44 -0800    

Click here for diff

Rearrange a bit of code to ensure that 'mode' in LWLockRelease is  
obviously always set, which seems a bit cleaner and avoids a compiler  
warning (thanks to Robert for the suggestion!).  
  
Back-patch back to 9.5 where the warning is first seen.  
  
Author: Stephen Frost  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/20161129152102.GR13284%40tamriel.snowman.net  

M src/backend/storage/lmgr/lwlock.c

Silence compiler warnings

commit   : 35d4dd82c2e82d2bc0e51174b5cfb5ac30061a81    
  
author   : Joe Conway <mail@joeconway.com>    
date     : Mon, 2 Jan 2017 14:12:04 -0800    
  
committer: Joe Conway <mail@joeconway.com>    
date     : Mon, 2 Jan 2017 14:12:04 -0800    

Click here for diff

In GetCachedPlan(), initialize 'plan' to silence a compiler warning, but  
also add an Assert() to make sure we don't ever actually fall through  
with 'plan' still being set to NULL, since we are about to dereference  
it.  
  
Back-patch back to 9.2.  
  
Author: Stephen Frost  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/20161129152102.GR13284%40tamriel.snowman.net  

M src/backend/utils/cache/plancache.c

Fix incorrect example of to_timestamp() usage.

commit   : 4191b9ece43d28cbf8b1257d1a97896184fc1fdf    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Thu, 29 Dec 2016 18:05:34 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Thu, 29 Dec 2016 18:05:34 -0500    

Click here for diff

Must use HH24 not HH to read a hour value exceeding 12.  
  
This was already fixed in HEAD in commit d3cd36a13, but I didn't think  
of backpatching it.  
  
Report: https://postgr.es/m/20161229170043.10139.21416@wrigleys.postgresql.org  

M doc/src/sgml/func.sgml

Fix interval_transform so it doesn’t throw away non-no-op casts.

commit   : 4efe7aa2d8df98dc56d74042b25abf77b4e5bb61    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Tue, 27 Dec 2016 15:43:54 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Tue, 27 Dec 2016 15:43:54 -0500    

Click here for diff

interval_transform() contained two separate bugs that caused it to  
sometimes mistakenly decide that a cast from interval to restricted  
interval is a no-op and throw it away.  
  
First, it was wrong to rely on dt.h's field type macros to have an  
ordering consistent with the field's significance; in one case they do  
not.  This led to mistakenly treating YEAR as less significant than MONTH,  
so that a cast from INTERVAL MONTH to INTERVAL YEAR was incorrectly  
discarded.  
  
Second, fls(1<<k) produces k+1 not k, so comparing its output directly  
to SECOND was wrong.  This led to supposing that a cast to INTERVAL  
MINUTE was really a cast to INTERVAL SECOND and so could be discarded.  
  
To fix, get rid of the use of fls(), and make a function based on  
intervaltypmodout to produce a field ID code adapted to the need here.  
  
Per bug #14479 from Piotr Stefaniak.  Back-patch to 9.2 where transform  
functions were introduced, because this code was born broken.  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/20161227172307.10135.7747@wrigleys.postgresql.org  

M src/backend/utils/adt/timestamp.c
M src/test/regress/expected/interval.out
M src/test/regress/sql/interval.sql

Explain unaccounted for space in pgstattuple.

commit   : 29e28134fa47ea6041dd89a1f7c0d34b6d0fc136    
  
author   : Andrew Dunstan <andrew@dunslane.net>    
date     : Tue, 27 Dec 2016 11:23:46 -0500    
  
committer: Andrew Dunstan <andrew@dunslane.net>    
date     : Tue, 27 Dec 2016 11:23:46 -0500    

Click here for diff

In addition to space accounted for by tuple_len, dead_tuple_len and  
free_space, the table_len includes page overhead, the item pointers  
table and padding bytes.  
  
Backpatch to live branches.  

M doc/src/sgml/pgstattuple.sgml

Remove triggerable Assert in hashname().

commit   : 987c4b401f4610fbc8d39922743584a366cc7146    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Mon, 26 Dec 2016 14:58:02 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Mon, 26 Dec 2016 14:58:02 -0500    

Click here for diff

hashname() asserted that the key string it is given is shorter than  
NAMEDATALEN.  That should surely always be true if the input is in fact a  
regular value of type "name".  However, for reasons of coding convenience,  
we allow plain old C strings to be treated as "name" values in many places.  
Some SQL functions accept arbitrary "text" inputs, convert them to C  
strings, and pass them otherwise-untransformed to syscache lookups for name  
columns, allowing an overlength input value to trigger hashname's Assert.  
  
This would be a DOS problem, except that it only happens in assert-enabled  
builds which aren't recommended for production.  In a production build,  
you'll just get a name lookup error, since regardless of the hash value  
computed by hashname, the later equality comparison checks can't match.  
Likewise, if the catalog lookup is done by seqscan or indexscan searches,  
there will just be a lookup error, since the name comparison functions  
don't contain any similar length checks, and will see an overlength input  
as unequal to any stored entry.  
  
After discussion we concluded that we should simply remove this Assert.  
It's inessential to hashname's own functionality, and having such an  
assertion in only some paths for name lookup is more of a foot-gun than  
a useful check.  There may or may not be a case for the affected callers  
to do something other than let the name lookup fail, but we'll consider  
that separately; in any case we probably don't want to change such  
behavior in the back branches.  
  
Per report from Tushar Ahuja.  Back-patch to all supported branches.  
  
Report: https://postgr.es/m/7d0809ee-6f25-c9d6-8e74-5b2967830d49@enterprisedb.com  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/17691.1482523168@sss.pgh.pa.us  

M src/backend/access/hash/hashfunc.c

pg_dumpall: Include –verbose option in –help output

commit   : 846eaadd059aa6953b90ad7f2f6f16a965013748    
  
author   : Stephen Frost <sfrost@snowman.net>    
date     : Sat, 24 Dec 2016 01:42:10 -0500    
  
committer: Stephen Frost <sfrost@snowman.net>    
date     : Sat, 24 Dec 2016 01:42:10 -0500    

Click here for diff

The -v/--verbose option was not included in the output from --help for  
pg_dumpall even though it's in the pg_dumpall documentation and has  
apparently been around since pg_dumpall was reimplemented in C in 2002.  
  
Fix that by adding it.  
  
Pointed out by Daniel Westermann.  
  
Back-patch to all supported branches.  
  
Discussion: https://www.postgresql.org/message-id/2020970042.4589542.1482482101585.JavaMail.zimbra%40dbi-services.com  

M src/bin/pg_dump/pg_dumpall.c

Fix tab completion in psql for ALTER DEFAULT PRIVILEGES

commit   : 16a2efdb28dfdbf705fcf7b95c981847cad7234d    
  
author   : Stephen Frost <sfrost@snowman.net>    
date     : Fri, 23 Dec 2016 21:01:40 -0500    
  
committer: Stephen Frost <sfrost@snowman.net>    
date     : Fri, 23 Dec 2016 21:01:40 -0500    

Click here for diff

When providing tab completion for ALTER DEFAULT PRIVILEGES, we are  
including the list of roles as possible options for completion after the  
GRANT or REVOKE.  Further, we accept FOR ROLE/IN SCHEMA at the same time  
and in either order, but the tab completion was only working for one or  
the other.  Lastly, we weren't using the actual list of allowed kinds of  
objects for default privileges for completion after the 'GRANT X ON' but  
instead were completeing to what 'GRANT X ON' supports, which isn't the  
ssame at all.  
  
Address these issues by improving the forward tab-completion for ALTER  
DEFAULT PRIVILEGES and then constrain and correct how the tail  
completion is done when it is for ALTER DEFAULT PRIVILEGES.  
  
Back-patch the forward/tail tab-completion to 9.6, where we made it easy  
to handle such cases.  
  
For 9.5 and earlier, correct the initial tab-completion to at least be  
correct as far as it goes and then add a check for GRANT/REVOKE to only  
tab-complete when the GRANT/REVOKE is the start of the command, so we  
don't try to do tab-completion after we get to the GRANT/REVOKE part of  
the ALTER DEFAULT PRIVILEGES command, which is better than providing  
incorrect completions.  
  
Initial patch for master and 9.6 by Gilles Darold, though I cleaned it  
up and added a few comments.  All bugs in the 9.5 and earlier patch are  
mine.  
  
Discussion: https://www.postgresql.org/message-id/1614593c-e356-5b27-6dba-66320a9bc68b@dalibo.com  

M src/bin/psql/tab-complete.c

Doc: improve index entry for “median”.

commit   : a15c59d19624713f8e02fb11c5460003d9be98ed    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Fri, 23 Dec 2016 12:53:09 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Fri, 23 Dec 2016 12:53:09 -0500    

Click here for diff

We had an index entry for "median" attached to the percentile_cont function  
entry, which was pretty useless because a person following the link would  
never realize that that function was the one they were being hinted to use.  
  
Instead, make the index entry point at the example in syntax-aggregates,  
and add a <seealso> link to "percentile".  
  
Also, since that example explicitly claims to be calculating the median,  
make it use percentile_cont not percentile_disc.  This makes no difference  
in terms of the larger goals of that section, but so far as I can find,  
nearly everyone thinks that "median" means the continuous not discrete  
calculation.  
  
Per gripe from Steven Winfield.  Back-patch to 9.4 where we introduced  
percentile_cont.  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/20161223102056.25614.1166@wrigleys.postgresql.org  

M doc/src/sgml/func.sgml
M doc/src/sgml/syntax.sgml

Improve RLS documentation with respect to COPY

commit   : 53afdef662ef77a3f27fc36dbc0472f855069fd3    
  
author   : Joe Conway <mail@joeconway.com>    
date     : Thu, 22 Dec 2016 17:57:14 -0800    
  
committer: Joe Conway <mail@joeconway.com>    
date     : Thu, 22 Dec 2016 17:57:14 -0800    

Click here for diff

Documentation for pg_restore said COPY TO does not support row security  
when in fact it should say COPY FROM. Fix that.  
  
While at it, make it clear that "COPY FROM" does not allow RLS to be  
enabled and INSERT should be used instead. Also that SELECT policies  
will apply to COPY TO statements.  
  
Back-patch to 9.5 where RLS first appeared.  
  
Author: Joe Conway  
Reviewed-By: Dean Rasheed and Robert Haas  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/5744FA24.3030008%40joeconway.com  

M doc/src/sgml/ref/copy.sgml
M doc/src/sgml/ref/pg_dump.sgml
M doc/src/sgml/ref/pg_restore.sgml

Use TSConfigRelationId in AlterTSConfiguration()

commit   : e8236921773dab92f884db2685aee49fdc747cfc    
  
author   : Stephen Frost <sfrost@snowman.net>    
date     : Thu, 22 Dec 2016 17:08:49 -0500    
  
committer: Stephen Frost <sfrost@snowman.net>    
date     : Thu, 22 Dec 2016 17:08:49 -0500    

Click here for diff

When we are altering a text search configuration, we are getting the  
tuple from pg_ts_config and using its OID, so use TSConfigRelationId  
when invoking any post-alter hooks and setting the object address.  
  
Further, in the functions called from AlterTSConfiguration(), we're  
saving information about the command via  
EventTriggerCollectAlterTSConfig(), so we should be setting  
commandCollected to true.  Also add a regression test to  
test_ddl_deparse for ALTER TEXT SEARCH CONFIGURATION.  
  
Author: Artur Zakirov, a few additional comments by me  
Discussion: https://www.postgresql.org/message-id/57a71eba-f2c7-e7fd-6fc0-2126ec0b39bd%40postgrespro.ru  
  
Back-patch the fix for the InvokeObjectPostAlterHook() call to 9.3 where  
it was introduced, and the fix for the ObjectAddressSet() call and  
setting commandCollected to true to 9.5 where those changes to  
ProcessUtilitySlow() were introduced.  

M src/backend/commands/tsearchcmds.c
M src/backend/tcop/utility.c
M src/test/modules/test_ddl_deparse/Makefile
A src/test/modules/test_ddl_deparse/expected/alter_ts_config.out
A src/test/modules/test_ddl_deparse/sql/alter_ts_config.sql

Fix handling of expanded objects in CoerceToDomain and CASE execution.

commit   : c472f2a3353dc4907b54ba90b720310bfb2434eb    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Thu, 22 Dec 2016 15:01:28 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Thu, 22 Dec 2016 15:01:28 -0500    

Click here for diff

When the input value to a CoerceToDomain expression node is a read-write  
expanded datum, we should pass a read-only pointer to any domain CHECK  
expressions and then return the original read-write pointer as the  
expression result.  Previously we were blindly passing the same pointer to  
all the consumers of the value, making it possible for a function in CHECK  
to modify or even delete the expanded value.  (Since a plpgsql function  
will absorb a passed-in read-write expanded array as a local variable  
value, it will in fact delete the value on exit.)  
  
A similar hazard of passing the same read-write pointer to multiple  
consumers exists in domain_check() and in ExecEvalCase, so fix those too.  
  
The fix requires adding MakeExpandedObjectReadOnly calls at the appropriate  
places, which is simple enough except that we need to get the data type's  
typlen from somewhere.  For the domain cases, solve this by redefining  
DomainConstraintRef.tcache as okay for callers to access; there wasn't any  
reason for the original convention against that, other than not wanting the  
API of typcache.c to be any wider than it had to be.  For CASE, there's  
no good solution except to add a syscache lookup during executor start.  
  
Per bug #14472 from Marcos Castedo.  Back-patch to 9.5 where expanded  
values were introduced.  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/15225.1482431619@sss.pgh.pa.us  

M src/backend/executor/execQual.c
M src/backend/utils/adt/domains.c
M src/include/nodes/execnodes.h
M src/include/utils/typcache.h
M src/test/regress/expected/case.out
M src/test/regress/expected/plpgsql.out
M src/test/regress/sql/case.sql
M src/test/regress/sql/plpgsql.sql

Fix broken error check in _hash_doinsert.

commit   : aa04e5c3c1b1ba27d5e726d9afc291f475051ec0    
  
author   : Robert Haas <rhaas@postgresql.org>    
date     : Thu, 22 Dec 2016 13:54:40 -0500    
  
committer: Robert Haas <rhaas@postgresql.org>    
date     : Thu, 22 Dec 2016 13:54:40 -0500    

Click here for diff

You can't just cast a HashMetaPage to a Page, because the meta page  
data is stored after the page header, not at offset 0.  Fortunately,  
this didn't break anything because it happens to find hashm_bsize  
at the offset at which it expects to find pd_pagesize_version, and  
the values are close enough to the same that this works out.  
  
Still, it's a bug, so back-patch to all supported versions.  
  
Mithun Cy, revised a bit by me.  

M src/backend/access/hash/hashinsert.c

commit   : 80ca22aa60a6138b5ada890339dd6a6e2397222d    
  
author   : Joe Conway <mail@joeconway.com>    
date     : Thu, 22 Dec 2016 09:47:46 -0800    
  
committer: Joe Conway <mail@joeconway.com>    
date     : Thu, 22 Dec 2016 09:47:46 -0800    

Click here for diff

When libpq encounters a connection-level error, e.g. runs out of memory  
while forming a result, there will be no error associated with PGresult,  
but a message will be placed into PGconn's error buffer. postgres_fdw  
takes care to use the PGconn error message when PGresult does not have  
one, but dblink has been negligent in that regard. Modify dblink to mirror  
what postgres_fdw has been doing.  
  
Back-patch to all supported branches.  
  
Author: Joe Conway  
Reviewed-By: Tom Lane  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/02fa2d90-2efd-00bc-fefc-c23c00eb671e%40joeconway.com  

M contrib/dblink/dblink.c

commit   : d5c05f27a43fd0bc777b13dd50de203bade2118d    
  
author   : Joe Conway <mail@joeconway.com>    
date     : Thu, 22 Dec 2016 09:19:18 -0800    
  
committer: Joe Conway <mail@joeconway.com>    
date     : Thu, 22 Dec 2016 09:19:18 -0800    

Click here for diff

When dblink uses a postgres_fdw server name for its connection, it  
is possible for the connection to have options that are invalid  
with dblink (e.g. "updatable"). The recommended way to avoid this  
problem is to use dblink_fdw servers instead. However there are use  
cases for using postgres_fdw, and possibly other FDWs, for dblink  
connection options, therefore protect against trying to use any  
options that do not apply by using is_valid_dblink_option() when  
building the connection string from the options.  
  
Back-patch to 9.3. Although 9.2 supports FDWs for connection info,  
is_valid_dblink_option() did not yet exist, and neither did  
postgres_fdw, at least in the postgres source tree. Given the lack  
of previous complaints, fixing that seems too invasive/not worth it.  
  
Author: Corey Huinker  
Reviewed-By: Joe Conway  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/CADkLM%3DfWyXVEyYcqbcRnxcHutkP45UHU9WD7XpdZaMfe7S%3DRwA%40mail.gmail.com  

M contrib/dblink/dblink.c

Give a useful error message if uuid-ossp is built without preconfiguration.

commit   : 1cfdb29c7d6621f81d3835e20fd846552c08ec9a    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Thu, 22 Dec 2016 11:19:04 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Thu, 22 Dec 2016 11:19:04 -0500    

Click here for diff

Before commit b8cc8f947, it was possible to build contrib/uuid-ossp without  
having told configure you meant to; you could just cd into that directory  
and "make".  That no longer works because the code depends on configure to  
have done header and library probes, but the ensuing error messages are  
not so easy to interpret if you're not an old C hand.  We've gotten a  
couple of complaints recently from people trying to do this the low-tech  
way, so add an explicit #error directing the user to use --with-uuid.  
  
(In principle we might want to do something similar in the other  
optionally-built contrib modules; but I don't think any of the others have  
ever worked without preconfiguration, so there are no bad habits to break  
people of.)  
  
Back-patch to 9.4 where the previous commit came in.  
  
Report: https://postgr.es/m/CAHeEsBf42AWTnk=1qJvFv+mYgRFm07Knsfuc86Ono8nRjf3tvQ@mail.gmail.com  
Report: https://postgr.es/m/CAKYdkBrUaZX+F6KpmzoHqMtiUqCtAW_w6Dgvr6F0WTiopuGxow@mail.gmail.com  

M contrib/uuid-ossp/uuid-ossp.c

Fix buffer overflow on particularly named files and clarify documentation about output file naming.

commit   : a88c547f926c1bd70d7dc180826e7e95824c88d1    
  
author   : Michael Meskes <meskes@postgresql.org>    
date     : Thu, 22 Dec 2016 08:28:13 +0100    
  
committer: Michael Meskes <meskes@postgresql.org>    
date     : Thu, 22 Dec 2016 08:28:13 +0100    

Click here for diff

Patch by Tsunakawa, Takayuki <tsunakawa.takay@jp.fujitsu.com>  

M doc/src/sgml/ref/ecpg-ref.sgml
M src/interfaces/ecpg/preproc/ecpg.c

commit   : 28c9b6be7f76d64397bfa39a944915d4dbfd1994    
  
author   : Joe Conway <mail@joeconway.com>    
date     : Wed, 21 Dec 2016 15:48:15 -0800    
  
committer: Joe Conway <mail@joeconway.com>    
date     : Wed, 21 Dec 2016 15:48:15 -0800    

Click here for diff

When dblink or postgres_fdw detects an error on the remote side of the  
connection, it will try to construct a local error message as best it  
can using libpq's PQresultErrorField(). When no primary message is  
available, it was bailing out with an unhelpful "unknown error". Make  
that message better and more style guide compliant. Per discussion  
on hackers.  
  
Backpatch to 9.2 except postgres_fdw which didn't exist before 9.3.  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/19872.1482338965%40sss.pgh.pa.us  

M contrib/dblink/dblink.c
M contrib/postgres_fdw/connection.c

Fix detection of unfinished Unicode surrogate pair at end of string.

commit   : d5633af7b60ba70fb0e1713df69af6672d52e2cd    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Wed, 21 Dec 2016 17:39:32 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Wed, 21 Dec 2016 17:39:32 -0500    

Click here for diff

The U&'...' and U&"..." syntaxes silently discarded a surrogate pair  
start (that is, a code between U+D800 and U+DBFF) if it occurred at  
the very end of the string.  This seems like an obvious oversight,  
since we throw an error for every other invalid combination of surrogate  
characters, including the very same situation in E'...' syntax.  
  
This has been wrong since the pair processing was added (in 9.0),  
so back-patch to all supported branches.  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/19113.1482337898@sss.pgh.pa.us  

M src/backend/parser/scan.l

Improve ALTER TABLE documentation

commit   : ec2bc3264ef007e6d7b6463029de689273161336    
  
author   : Stephen Frost <sfrost@snowman.net>    
date     : Wed, 21 Dec 2016 15:03:44 -0500    
  
committer: Stephen Frost <sfrost@snowman.net>    
date     : Wed, 21 Dec 2016 15:03:44 -0500    

Click here for diff

The ALTER TABLE documentation wasn't terribly clear when it came to  
which commands could be combined together and what it meant when they  
were.  
  
In particular, SET TABLESPACE *can* be combined with other commands,  
when it's operating against a single table, but not when multiple tables  
are being moved with ALL IN TABLESPACE.  Further, the actions are  
applied together but not really in 'parallel', at least today.  
  
Pointed out by: Amit Langote  
  
Improved wording from Tom.  
  
Back-patch to 9.4, where the ALL IN TABLESPACE option was added.  
  
Discussion: https://www.postgresql.org/message-id/14c535b4-13ef-0590-1b98-76af355a0763%40lab.ntt.co.jp  

M doc/src/sgml/ref/alter_table.sgml

Fix dumping of casts and transforms using built-in functions

commit   : 1efc5dba05a81bd91a0d3659f4a4ccfb4c36e680    
  
author   : Stephen Frost <sfrost@snowman.net>    
date     : Wed, 21 Dec 2016 13:47:18 -0500    
  
committer: Stephen Frost <sfrost@snowman.net>    
date     : Wed, 21 Dec 2016 13:47:18 -0500    

Click here for diff

In pg_dump.c dumpCast() and dumpTransform(), we would happily ignore the  
cast or transform if it happened to use a built-in function because we  
weren't including the information about built-in functions when querying  
pg_proc from getFuncs().  
  
Modify the query in getFuncs() to also gather information about  
functions which are used by user-defined casts and transforms (where  
"user-defined" means "has an OID >= FirstNormalObjectId").  This also  
adds to the TAP regression tests for 9.6 and master to cover these  
types of objects.  
  
Back-patch all the way for casts, back to 9.5 for transforms.  
  
Discussion: https://www.postgresql.org/message-id/flat/20160504183952.GE10850%40tamriel.snowman.net  

M src/bin/pg_dump/pg_dump.c

For 8.0 servers, get last built-in oid from pg_database

commit   : 94476436a627d80319d49afe5724633b781e735a    
  
author   : Stephen Frost <sfrost@snowman.net>    
date     : Wed, 21 Dec 2016 13:47:18 -0500    
  
committer: Stephen Frost <sfrost@snowman.net>    
date     : Wed, 21 Dec 2016 13:47:18 -0500    

Click here for diff

We didn't start ensuring that all built-in objects had OIDs less than  
16384 until 8.1, so for 8.0 servers we still need to query the value out  
of pg_database.  We need this, in particular, to distinguish which casts  
were built-in and which were user-defined.  
  
For HEAD, we only worry about going back to 8.0, for the back-branches,  
we also ensure that 7.0-7.4 work.  
  
Discussion: https://www.postgresql.org/message-id/flat/20160504183952.GE10850%40tamriel.snowman.net  

M src/bin/pg_dump/pg_dump.c

Fix order of operations in CREATE OR REPLACE VIEW.

commit   : 78a98b7674cf7d5d82001f6d8d4ebcb8344fc0cd    
  
author   : Dean Rasheed <dean.a.rasheed@gmail.com>    
date     : Wed, 21 Dec 2016 17:02:47 +0000    
  
committer: Dean Rasheed <dean.a.rasheed@gmail.com>    
date     : Wed, 21 Dec 2016 17:02:47 +0000    

Click here for diff

When CREATE OR REPLACE VIEW acts on an existing view, don't update the  
view options until after the view query has been updated.  
  
This is necessary in the case where CREATE OR REPLACE VIEW is used on  
an existing view that is not updatable, and the new view is updatable  
and specifies the WITH CHECK OPTION. In this case, attempting to apply  
the new options to the view before updating its query fails, because  
the options are applied using the ALTER TABLE infrastructure which  
checks that WITH CHECK OPTION is only applied to an updatable view.  
  
If new columns are being added to the view, that is also done using  
the ALTER TABLE infrastructure, but it is important that that still be  
done before updating the view query, because the rules system checks  
that the query columns match those on the view relation. Added a  
comment to explain that, in case someone is tempted to move that to  
where the view options are now being set.  
  
Back-patch to 9.4 where WITH CHECK OPTION was added.  
  
Report: https://postgr.es/m/CAEZATCUp%3Dz%3Ds4SzZjr14bfct_bdJNwMPi-gFi3Xc5k1ntbsAgQ%40mail.gmail.com  

M src/backend/commands/view.c
M src/test/regress/expected/updatable_views.out
M src/test/regress/sql/updatable_views.sql

Fix base backup rate limiting in presence of slow i/o

commit   : bc53d71308a2b4bd8216932fda3e21cec4915ff8    
  
author   : Magnus Hagander <magnus@hagander.net>    
date     : Mon, 19 Dec 2016 10:11:04 +0100    
  
committer: Magnus Hagander <magnus@hagander.net>    
date     : Mon, 19 Dec 2016 10:11:04 +0100    

Click here for diff

When source i/o on disk was too slow compared to the rate limiting  
specified, the system could end up with a negative value for sleep that  
it never got out of, which caused rate limiting to effectively be  
turned off.  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/CABUevEy_-e0YvL4ayoX8bH_Ja9w%2BBHoP6jUgdxZuG2nEj3uAfQ%40mail.gmail.com  
  
Analysis by me, patch by Antonin Houska  

M src/backend/replication/basebackup.c

In contrib/uuid-ossp, #include headers needed for ntohl() and ntohs().

commit   : 53140bf22bc4b361836b68f08a2946a2fd2ab240    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Sat, 17 Dec 2016 22:24:13 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Sat, 17 Dec 2016 22:24:13 -0500    

Click here for diff

Oversight in commit b8cc8f947.  I just noticed this causes compiler  
warnings on FreeBSD, and it really ought to cause warnings elsewhere too:  
all references I can find say that <arpa/inet.h> is required for these.  
We have a lot of code elsewhere that thinks that both <netinet/in.h>  
and <arpa/inet.h> should be included for these functions, so do it that  
way here too, even though <arpa/inet.h> ought to be sufficient according  
to the references I consulted.  
  
Back-patch to 9.4 where the previous commit landed.  

M contrib/uuid-ossp/uuid-ossp.c

Fix off-by-one in memory allocation for quote_literal_cstr().

commit   : 595333ff493a3b17d82133a01cd64128bb6175b7    
  
author   : Heikki Linnakangas <heikki.linnakangas@iki.fi>    
date     : Fri, 16 Dec 2016 12:50:20 +0200    
  
committer: Heikki Linnakangas <heikki.linnakangas@iki.fi>    
date     : Fri, 16 Dec 2016 12:50:20 +0200    

Click here for diff

The calculation didn't take into account the NULL terminator. That lead  
to overwriting the palloc'd buffer by one byte, if the input consists  
entirely of backslashes. For example "format('%L', E'\\')".  
  
Fixes bug #14468. Backpatch to all supported versions.  
  
Report: https://www.postgresql.org/message-id/20161216105001.13334.42819%40wrigleys.postgresql.org  

M src/backend/utils/adt/quote.c

Sync our copy of the timezone library with IANA release tzcode2016j.

commit   : 492fe48f0113600e86449e3738a17d029dcfe144    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Thu, 15 Dec 2016 14:32:42 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Thu, 15 Dec 2016 14:32:42 -0500    

Click here for diff

This is a trivial update (consisting in fact only in the addition of  
a comment).  The point is just to get back to being synced with an  
official release of tzcode, rather than some ad-hoc point in their  
commit history, which is where commit 1f87181e1 left it.  

M src/timezone/README
M src/timezone/zic.c

Back-patch fcff8a575198478023ada8a48e13b50f70054766 as a bug fix.

commit   : bed2a0b06ba54266a4e66affbc8f08e5eea6e8bc    
  
author   : Kevin Grittner <kgrittn@postgresql.org>    
date     : Tue, 13 Dec 2016 19:14:42 -0600    
  
committer: Kevin Grittner <kgrittn@postgresql.org>    
date     : Tue, 13 Dec 2016 19:14:42 -0600    

Click here for diff

When there is both a serialization failure and a unique violation,  
throw the former rather than the latter.  When initially pushed,  
this was viewed as a feature to assist application framework  
developers, so that they could more accurately determine when to  
retry a failed transaction, but a test case presented by Ian  
Jackson has shown that this patch can prevent serialization  
anomalies in some cases where a unique violation is caught within a  
subtransaction, the work of that subtransaction is discarded, and  
no error is thrown.  That makes this a bug fix, so it is being  
back-patched to all supported branches where it is not already  
present (i.e., 9.2 to 9.5).  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/1481307991-16971-1-git-send-email-ian.jackson@eu.citrix.com  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/22607.56276.807567.924144@mariner.uk.xensource.com  

M doc/src/sgml/mvcc.sgml
M src/backend/access/nbtree/nbtinsert.c
A src/test/isolation/expected/read-write-unique-2.out
A src/test/isolation/expected/read-write-unique-3.out
A src/test/isolation/expected/read-write-unique-4.out
A src/test/isolation/expected/read-write-unique.out
M src/test/isolation/isolation_schedule
A src/test/isolation/specs/read-write-unique-2.spec
A src/test/isolation/specs/read-write-unique-3.spec
A src/test/isolation/specs/read-write-unique-4.spec
A src/test/isolation/specs/read-write-unique.spec

Use “%option prefix” to set API names in ecpg’s lexer.

commit   : 15b3722700ca043494804dfd1fe7556c50d4f9e9    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Sun, 11 Dec 2016 18:04:28 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Sun, 11 Dec 2016 18:04:28 -0500    

Click here for diff

Back-patch commit 92fb64983 into the pre-9.6 branches.  
  
Without this, ecpg fails to build with the latest version of flex.  
It's not unreasonable that people would want to compile our old branches  
with recent tools.  Per report from Дилян Палаузов.  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/d845c1af-e18d-6651-178f-9f08cdf37e10@aegee.org  

M src/interfaces/ecpg/preproc/descriptor.c
M src/interfaces/ecpg/preproc/ecpg.addons
M src/interfaces/ecpg/preproc/ecpg.c
M src/interfaces/ecpg/preproc/ecpg.header
M src/interfaces/ecpg/preproc/ecpg.trailer
M src/interfaces/ecpg/preproc/extern.h
M src/interfaces/ecpg/preproc/output.c
M src/interfaces/ecpg/preproc/parser.c
M src/interfaces/ecpg/preproc/pgc.l
M src/interfaces/ecpg/preproc/variable.c

Build backend/parser/scan.l and interfaces/ecpg/preproc/pgc.l standalone.

commit   : 4262c5b1eecc63f12f86daa293428009eee54b5c    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Sun, 11 Dec 2016 17:44:16 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Sun, 11 Dec 2016 17:44:16 -0500    

Click here for diff

Back-patch commit 72b1e3a21 into the pre-9.6 branches.  
  
As noted in the original commit, this has some extra benefits: we can  
narrow the scope of the -Wno-error flag that's forced on scan.c.  Also,  
since these grammar and lexer files are so large, splitting them into  
separate build targets should have some advantages in build speed,  
particularly in parallel or ccache'd builds.  
  
However, the real reason for doing this now is that it avoids symbol-  
redefinition warnings (or worse) with the latest version of flex.  
It's not unreasonable that people would want to compile our old branches  
with recent tools.  Per report from Дилян Палаузов.  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/d845c1af-e18d-6651-178f-9f08cdf37e10@aegee.org  

M src/backend/parser/Makefile
M src/backend/parser/gram.y
M src/backend/parser/scan.l
M src/interfaces/ecpg/preproc/Makefile
M src/interfaces/ecpg/preproc/ecpg.trailer
M src/interfaces/ecpg/preproc/pgc.l

Prevent crash when ts_rewrite() replaces a non-top-level subtree with null.

commit   : c6caa520008761b2ce9c88f46e537d3044cf7c96    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Sun, 11 Dec 2016 13:09:57 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Sun, 11 Dec 2016 13:09:57 -0500    

Click here for diff

When ts_rewrite()'s replacement argument is an empty tsquery, it's supposed  
to simplify any operator nodes whose operand(s) become NULL; but it failed  
to do that reliably, because dropvoidsubtree() only examined the top level  
of the result tree.  Rather than make a second recursive pass, let's just  
give the responsibility to dofindsubquery() to simplify while it's doing  
the main replacement pass.  Per report from Andreas Seltenreich.  
  
Artur Zakirov, with some cosmetic changes by me.  Back-patch to all  
supported branches.  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/8737i01dew.fsf@credativ.de  

M src/backend/utils/adt/tsquery_rewrite.c
M src/test/regress/expected/tsearch.out
M src/test/regress/sql/tsearch.sql

Be more careful about Python refcounts while creating exception objects.

commit   : 00858728fd718a9e29fa1dd3311a5e742f83ab5c    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Fri, 9 Dec 2016 15:27:23 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Fri, 9 Dec 2016 15:27:23 -0500    

Click here for diff

PLy_generate_spi_exceptions neglected to do Py_INCREF on the new exception  
objects, evidently supposing that PyModule_AddObject would do that --- but  
it doesn't.  This left us in a situation where a Python garbage collection  
cycle could result in deletion of exception object(s), causing server  
crashes or wrong answers if the exception objects are used later in the  
session.  
  
In addition, PLy_generate_spi_exceptions didn't bother to test for  
a null result from PyErr_NewException, which at best is inconsistent  
with the code in PLy_add_exceptions.  And PLy_add_exceptions, while it  
did do Py_INCREF on the exceptions it makes, waited to do that till  
after some PyModule_AddObject calls, creating a similar risk for  
failure if garbage collection happened within those calls.  
  
To fix, refactor to have just one piece of code that creates an  
exception object and adds it to the spiexceptions module, bumping the  
refcount first.  
  
Also, let's add an additional refcount to represent the pointer we're  
going to store in a C global variable or hash table.  This should only  
matter if the user does something weird like delete the spiexceptions  
Python module, but lack of paranoia has caused us enough problems in  
PL/Python already.  
  
The fact that PyModule_AddObject doesn't do a Py_INCREF of its own  
explains the need for the Py_INCREF added in commit 4c966d920, so we  
can improve the comment about that; also, this means we really want  
to do that before not after the PyModule_AddObject call.  
  
The missing Py_INCREF in PLy_generate_spi_exceptions was reported and  
diagnosed by Rafa de la Torre; the other fixes by me.  Back-patch  
to all supported branches.  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/CA+Fz15kR1OXZv43mDrJb3XY+1MuQYWhx5kx3ea6BRKQp6ezGkg@mail.gmail.com  

M src/pl/plpython/plpy_plpymodule.c

Fix reporting of column typmods for multi-row VALUES constructs.

commit   : 6a493adda745e7fe65a5f524425a50f131b32531    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Fri, 9 Dec 2016 12:01:14 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Fri, 9 Dec 2016 12:01:14 -0500    

Click here for diff

expandRTE() and get_rte_attribute_type() reported the exprType() and  
exprTypmod() values of the expressions in the first row of the VALUES as  
being the column type/typmod returned by the VALUES RTE.  That's fine for  
the data type, since we coerce all expressions in a column to have the same  
common type.  But we don't coerce them to have a common typmod, so it was  
possible for rows after the first one to return values that violate the  
claimed column typmod.  This leads to the incorrect result seen in bug  
#14448 from Hassan Mahmood, as well as some other corner-case misbehaviors.  
  
The desired behavior is the same as we use in other type-unification  
cases: report the common typmod if there is one, but otherwise return -1  
indicating no particular constraint.  
  
We fixed this in HEAD by deriving the typmods during transformValuesClause  
and storing them in the RTE, but that's not a feasible solution in the back  
branches.  Instead, just use a brute-force approach of determining the  
correct common typmod during expandRTE() and get_rte_attribute_type().  
Simple testing says that that doesn't really cost much, at least not in  
common cases where expandRTE() is only used once per query.  It turns out  
that get_rte_attribute_type() is typically never used at all on VALUES  
RTEs, so the inefficiency there is of no great concern.  
  
Report: https://postgr.es/m/20161205143037.4377.60754@wrigleys.postgresql.org  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/27429.1480968538@sss.pgh.pa.us  

M src/backend/parser/parse_relation.c
M src/test/regress/expected/create_view.out
M src/test/regress/sql/create_view.sql

Fix crasher bug in array_position(s)

commit   : 581b09c72524db9a141a1b9217f01cf2b24ae512    
  
author   : Alvaro Herrera <alvherre@alvh.no-ip.org>    
date     : Fri, 9 Dec 2016 12:42:17 -0300    
  
committer: Alvaro Herrera <alvherre@alvh.no-ip.org>    
date     : Fri, 9 Dec 2016 12:42:17 -0300    

Click here for diff

array_position and its cousin array_positions were caching the element  
type equality function's FmgrInfo without being careful enough to put it  
in a long-lived context.  This is obviously broken but it didn't matter  
in most cases; only when using arrays of records (involving record_eq)  
it becomes a problem.  The fix is to ensure that the type's equality  
function's FmgrInfo is cached in the array_position's flinfo->fn_mcxt  
rather than the current memory context.  
  
Apart from record types, the only other case that seems complex enough  
to possibly cause the same problem are range types.  I didn't find a way  
to reproduce the problem with those, so I only include the test case  
submitted with the bug report as regression test.  
  
Bug report and patch: Junseok Yang  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/CAE+byMupUURYiZ6bKYgMZb9pgV1CYAijJGqWj-90W=nS7uEOeA@mail.gmail.com  
Backpatch to 9.5, where array_position appeared.  

M src/backend/utils/adt/array_userfuncs.c
M src/test/regress/expected/arrays.out
M src/test/regress/sql/arrays.sql

Log the creation of an init fork unconditionally.

commit   : 141ad68964f739c6543dc48143829c2cd0dd0c86    
  
author   : Robert Haas <rhaas@postgresql.org>    
date     : Thu, 8 Dec 2016 14:09:09 -0500    
  
committer: Robert Haas <rhaas@postgresql.org>    
date     : Thu, 8 Dec 2016 14:09:09 -0500    

Click here for diff

Previously, it was thought that this only needed to be done for the  
benefit of possible standbys, so wal_level = minimal skipped it.  
But that's not safe, because during crash recovery we might replay  
XLOG_DBASE_CREATE or XLOG_TBLSPC_CREATE record which recursively  
removes the directory that contains the new init fork.  So log it  
always.  
  
The user-visible effect of this bug is that if you create a database  
or tablespace, then create an unlogged table, then crash without  
checkpointing, then restart, accessing the table will fail, because  
the it won't have been properly reset.  This commit fixes that.  
  
Michael Paquier, per a report from Konstantin Knizhnik.  Wording of  
the comments per a suggestion from me.  

M src/backend/access/nbtree/nbtree.c
M src/backend/access/spgist/spginsert.c
M src/backend/catalog/heap.c

Restore psql’s SIGPIPE setting if popen() fails.

commit   : 93c78ba19b378b4b54dad5ceb4fdf063bb0998e1    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Wed, 7 Dec 2016 12:39:24 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Wed, 7 Dec 2016 12:39:24 -0500    

Click here for diff

Ancient oversight in PageOutput(): if popen() fails, we'd better reset  
the SIGPIPE handler before returning stdout, because ClosePager() won't.  
Noticed while fixing the empty-PAGER issue.  

M src/bin/psql/print.c

Handle empty or all-blank PAGER setting more sanely in psql.

commit   : 370c7a863aa7410029d1406a43871722b1f9a8af    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Wed, 7 Dec 2016 12:19:56 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Wed, 7 Dec 2016 12:19:56 -0500    

Click here for diff

If the PAGER environment variable is set but contains an empty string,  
psql would pass it to "sh" which would silently exit, causing whatever  
query output we were printing to vanish entirely.  This is quite  
mystifying; it took a long time for us to figure out that this was the  
cause of Joseph Brenner's trouble report.  Rather than allowing that  
to happen, we should treat this as another way to specify "no pager".  
(We could alternatively treat it as selecting the default pager, but  
it seems more likely that the former is what the user meant to achieve  
by setting PAGER this way.)  
  
Nonempty, but all-white-space, PAGER values have the same behavior, and  
it's pretty easy to test for that, so let's handle that case the same way.  
  
Most other cases of faulty PAGER values will result in the shell printing  
some kind of complaint to stderr, which should be enough to diagnose the  
problem, so we don't need to work harder than this.  (Note that there's  
been an intentional decision not to be very chatty about apparent failure  
returns from the pager process, since that may happen if, eg, the user  
quits the pager with control-C or some such.  I'd just as soon not start  
splitting hairs about which exit codes might merit making our own report.)  
  
libpq's old PQprint() function was already on board with ignoring empty  
PAGER values, but for consistency, make it ignore all-white-space values  
as well.  
  
It's been like this a long time, so back-patch to all supported branches.  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/CAFfgvXWLOE2novHzYjmQK8-J6TmHz42G8f3X0SORM44+stUGmw@mail.gmail.com  

M doc/src/sgml/ref/psql-ref.sgml
M src/bin/psql/print.c
M src/interfaces/libpq/fe-print.c

Revert “Permit dump/reload of not-too-large >1GB tuples”

commit   : f858524ee4f0e7249959ee0ee8dd9f00b3e8d107    
  
author   : Alvaro Herrera <alvherre@alvh.no-ip.org>    
date     : Tue, 6 Dec 2016 12:36:44 -0300    
  
committer: Alvaro Herrera <alvherre@alvh.no-ip.org>    
date     : Tue, 6 Dec 2016 12:36:44 -0300    

Click here for diff

This reverts commit 646655d264f17cf7fdbc6425ef8bc9a2f9f9ee41.  
Per Tom Lane, changing the definition of StringInfoData amounts to an  
ABI break, which is unacceptable in back branches.  

M src/backend/access/common/heaptuple.c
M src/backend/commands/copy.c
M src/backend/lib/stringinfo.c
M src/include/lib/stringinfo.h

Fix incorrect output from gin_desc().

commit   : 8606271640401b5a4efd20c54e2850fa88118eb8    
  
author   : Fujii Masao <fujii@postgresql.org>    
date     : Mon, 5 Dec 2016 20:29:41 +0900    
  
committer: Fujii Masao <fujii@postgresql.org>    
date     : Mon, 5 Dec 2016 20:29:41 +0900    

Click here for diff

Previously gin_desc() displayed incorrect output "unknown action 0"  
for XLOG_GIN_INSERT and XLOG_GIN_VACUUM_DATA_LEAF_PAGE records with  
valid actions. The cause of this problem was that gin_desc() wrongly  
used XLogRecGetData() to extract data from those records.  
Since they were registered by XLogRegisterBufData(), gin_desc() should  
have used XLogRecGetBlockData(), instead, like gin_redo().  
Also there were other differences about how to treat XLOG_GIN_INSERT  
record between gin_desc() and gin_redo().  
  
This commit fixes gin_desc() routine so that it treats those records  
in the same way as gin_redo().  
  
Batch-patch to 9.5 where WAL record format was revamped and  
XLogRegisterBufData() was added.  
  
Reported-By: Andres Freund  
Reviewed-By: Tom Lane  
Discussion: <20160509194645.7lewnpw647zegx2m@alap3.anarazel.de>  

M src/backend/access/rmgrdesc/gindesc.c

Don’t mess up pstate->p_next_resno in transformOnConflictClause().

commit   : 25c06a1ed647dca4f308026e00fd3e830b4ba383    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Sun, 4 Dec 2016 15:02:27 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Sun, 4 Dec 2016 15:02:27 -0500    

Click here for diff

transformOnConflictClause incremented p_next_resno while generating the  
phony targetlist for the EXCLUDED pseudo-rel.  Then that field got  
incremented some more during transformTargetList, possibly leading to  
free_parsestate concluding that we'd overrun the allowed length of a tlist,  
as reported by Justin Pryzby.  
  
We could fix this by resetting p_next_resno to 1 after using it for the  
EXCLUDED pseudo-rel tlist, but it seems easier and less coupled to other  
places if we just don't use that field at all in this loop.  (Note that  
this doesn't change anything about the resnos that end up appearing in  
the main target list, because those are all replaced with target-column  
numbers by updateTargetListEntry.)  
  
In passing, fix incorrect type OID assigned to the whole-row Var for  
"EXCLUDED.*" (somehow this escaped having any bad consequences so far,  
but it's certainly wrong); remove useless assignment to var->location;  
pstrdup the column names in case of a relcache flush; and improve  
nearby comments.  
  
Back-patch to 9.5 where ON CONFLICT was introduced.  
  
Report: https://postgr.es/m/20161204163237.GA8030@telsasoft.com  

M src/backend/parser/analyze.c

Make pgwin32_putenv() visit debug CRTs.

commit   : 5ab4b2ec4b7a3794aff271f05310f675dd2c7d05    
  
author   : Noah Misch <noah@leadboat.com>    
date     : Sat, 3 Dec 2016 15:46:36 -0500    
  
committer: Noah Misch <noah@leadboat.com>    
date     : Sat, 3 Dec 2016 15:46:36 -0500    

Click here for diff

This has no effect in the most conventional case, where no relevant DLL  
uses a debug build.  For an example where it does matter, given a debug  
build of MIT Kerberos, the krb_server_keyfile parameter usually had no  
effect.  Since nobody wants a Heisenbug, back-patch to 9.2 (all  
supported versions).  
  
Christian Ullrich, reviewed by Michael Paquier.  

M src/port/win32env.c

Remove wrong CloseHandle() call.

commit   : 3cb8bdfef998ad54a88da5d1d9e0af9be3ab79cc    
  
author   : Noah Misch <noah@leadboat.com>    
date     : Sat, 3 Dec 2016 15:46:35 -0500    
  
committer: Noah Misch <noah@leadboat.com>    
date     : Sat, 3 Dec 2016 15:46:35 -0500    

Click here for diff

In accordance with its own documentation, invoke CloseHandle() only when  
directed in the documentation for the function that furnished the  
handle.  GetModuleHandle() does not so direct.  We have been issuing  
this call only in the rare event that a CRT DLL contains no "_putenv"  
symbol, so lack of bug reports is uninformative.  Back-patch to 9.2 (all  
supported versions).  
  
Christian Ullrich, reviewed by Michael Paquier.  

M src/port/win32env.c

Refine win32env.c cosmetics.

commit   : c8e18339cc59dc41632dc12e53e858e197ade56b    
  
author   : Noah Misch <noah@leadboat.com>    
date     : Sat, 3 Dec 2016 15:46:35 -0500    
  
committer: Noah Misch <noah@leadboat.com>    
date     : Sat, 3 Dec 2016 15:46:35 -0500    

Click here for diff

Replace use of plain 0 as a null pointer constant.  In comments, update  
terminology and lessen redundancy.  Back-patch to 9.2 (all supported  
versions) for the convenience of back-patching the next two commits.  
  
Christian Ullrich and Noah Misch, reviewed (in earlier versions) by  
Michael Paquier.  

M src/port/win32env.c

Permit dump/reload of not-too-large >1GB tuples

commit   : 646655d264f17cf7fdbc6425ef8bc9a2f9f9ee41    
  
author   : Alvaro Herrera <alvherre@alvh.no-ip.org>    
date     : Fri, 2 Dec 2016 00:34:01 -0300    
  
committer: Alvaro Herrera <alvherre@alvh.no-ip.org>    
date     : Fri, 2 Dec 2016 00:34:01 -0300    

Click here for diff

Our documentation states that our maximum field size is 1 GB, and that  
our maximum row size of 1.6 TB.  However, while this might be attainable  
in theory with enough contortions, it is not workable in practice; for  
starters, pg_dump fails to dump tables containing rows larger than 1 GB,  
even if individual columns are well below the limit; and even if one  
does manage to manufacture a dump file containing a row that large, the  
server refuses to load it anyway.  
  
This commit enables dumping and reloading of such tuples, provided two  
conditions are met:  
  
1. no single column is larger than 1 GB (in output size -- for bytea  
   this includes the formatting overhead)  
2. the whole row is not larger than 2 GB  
  
There are three related changes to enable this:  
  
a. StringInfo's API now has two additional functions that allow creating  
a string that grows beyond the typical 1GB limit (and "long" string).  
ABI compatibility is maintained.  We still limit these strings to 2 GB,  
though, for reasons explained below.  
  
b. COPY now uses long StringInfos, so that pg_dump doesn't choke  
trying to emit rows longer than 1GB.  
  
c. heap_form_tuple now uses the MCXT_ALLOW_HUGE flag in its allocation  
for the input tuple, which means that large tuples are accepted on  
input.  Note that at this point we do not apply any further limit to the  
input tuple size.  
  
The main reason to limit to 2 GB is that the FE/BE protocol uses 32 bit  
length words to describe each row; and because the documentation is  
ambiguous on its signedness and libpq does consider it signed, we cannot  
use the highest-order bit.  Additionally, the StringInfo API uses "int"  
(which is 4 bytes wide in most platforms) in many places, so we'd need  
to change that API too in order to improve, which has lots of fallout.  
  
Backpatch to 9.5, which is the oldest that has  
MemoryContextAllocExtended, a necessary piece of infrastructure.  We  
could apply to 9.4 with very minimal additional effort, but any further  
than that would require backpatching "huge" allocations too.  
  
This is the largest set of changes we could find that can be  
back-patched without breaking compatibility with existing systems.  
Fixing a bigger set of problems (for example, dumping tuples bigger than  
2GB, or dumping fields bigger than 1GB) would require changing the FE/BE  
protocol and/or changing the StringInfo API in an ABI-incompatible way,  
neither of which would be back-patchable.  
  
Authors: Daniel Vérité, Álvaro Herrera  
Reviewed by: Tomas Vondra  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/20160229183023.GA286012@alvherre.pgsql  

M src/backend/access/common/heaptuple.c
M src/backend/commands/copy.c
M src/backend/lib/stringinfo.c
M src/include/lib/stringinfo.h

commit   : bb389ad8cdda3756b93e06a532128c5b34307673    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Wed, 30 Nov 2016 13:34:14 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Wed, 30 Nov 2016 13:34:14 -0500    

Click here for diff

Per bug #14441 from Mark Pether, the documentation could be misread,  
mainly because some of the examples failed to show what happens with  
a multicharacter "characters to trim" string.  Also, while the text  
description in most of these entries was fairly clear that the  
"characters" argument is a set of characters not a substring to match,  
some of them used variant wording that was a bit less clear.  
trim() itself suffered from both deficiencies and was thus pretty  
misinterpretable.  
  
Also fix failure to explain which of LEADING/TRAILING/BOTH is the  
default.  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/20161130011710.6539.53657@wrigleys.postgresql.org  

M doc/src/sgml/func.sgml

Clarify pg_dump -b documentation

commit   : 6c1a257fc67957410e421b0a276f845d9e1f9ff0    
  
author   : Stephen Frost <sfrost@snowman.net>    
date     : Tue, 29 Nov 2016 10:35:10 -0500    
  
committer: Stephen Frost <sfrost@snowman.net>    
date     : Tue, 29 Nov 2016 10:35:10 -0500    

Click here for diff

The documentation around the -b/--blobs option to pg_dump seemed to  
imply that it might be possible to add blobs to a "schema-only" dump or  
similar.  Clarify that blobs are data and therefore will only be  
included in dumps where data is being included, even when -b is used to  
request blobs be included.  
  
The -b option has been around since before 9.2, so back-patch to all  
supported branches.  
  
Discussion: https://postgr.es/m/20161119173316.GA13284@tamriel.snowman.net  

M doc/src/sgml/ref/pg_dump.sgml

Mention server start requirement for ssl parameters

commit   : eb516e87ea2832e4501e9a95ac82d5bb2d6bbdd5    
  
author   : Magnus Hagander <magnus@hagander.net>    
date     : Sun, 27 Nov 2016 17:10:02 +0100    
  
committer: Magnus Hagander <magnus@hagander.net>    
date     : Sun, 27 Nov 2016 17:10:02 +0100    

Click here for diff

Fix that the documentation for three ssl related parameters did not  
specify that they can only be changed at server start.  
  
Michael Paquier  

M doc/src/sgml/config.sgml

Fix test about ignoring extension dependencies during extension scripts.

commit   : 576bd360b2702e5418ee0c5cb11db4cc04ccec99    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Sat, 26 Nov 2016 13:31:35 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Sat, 26 Nov 2016 13:31:35 -0500    

Click here for diff

Commit 08dd23cec introduced an exception to the rule that extension member  
objects can only be dropped as part of dropping the whole extension,  
intending to allow such drops while running the extension's own creation or  
update scripts.  However, the exception was only applied at the outermost  
recursion level, because it was modeled on a pre-existing check to ignore  
dependencies on objects listed in pendingObjects.  Bug #14434 from Philippe  
Beaudoin shows that this is inadequate: in some cases we can reach an  
extension member object by recursion from another one.  (The bug concerns  
the serial-sequence case; I'm not sure if there are other cases, but there  
might well be.)  
  
To fix, revert 08dd23cec's changes to findDependentObjects() and instead  
apply the creating_extension exception regardless of stack level.  
  
Having seen this example, I'm a bit suspicious that the pendingObjects  
logic is also wrong and such cases should likewise be allowed at any  
recursion level.  However, changing that would interact in subtle ways  
with the recursion logic (at least it would need to be moved to after the  
recursing-from check).  Given that the code's been like that a long time,  
I'll refrain from touching it without a clear example showing it's wrong.  
  
Back-patch to all active branches.  In HEAD and 9.6, where suitable  
test infrastructure exists, add a regression test case based on the  
bug report.  
  
Report: <20161125151448.6529.33039@wrigleys.postgresql.org>  
Discussion: <13224.1480177514@sss.pgh.pa.us>  

M src/backend/catalog/dependency.c

Check for pending trigger events on far end when dropping an FK constraint.

commit   : 6cbe84c826b51a159825e9843184c7b4a740e4ae    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Fri, 25 Nov 2016 13:44:48 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Fri, 25 Nov 2016 13:44:48 -0500    

Click here for diff

When dropping a foreign key constraint with ALTER TABLE DROP CONSTRAINT,  
we refuse the drop if there are any pending trigger events on the named  
table; this ensures that we won't remove the pg_trigger row that will be  
consulted by those events.  But we should make the same check for the  
referenced relation, else we might remove a due-to-be-referenced pg_trigger  
row for that relation too, resulting in "could not find trigger NNN" or  
"relation NNN has no triggers" errors at commit.  Per bug #14431 from  
Benjie Gillam.  Back-patch to all supported branches.  
  
Report: <20161124114911.6530.31200@wrigleys.postgresql.org>  

M src/backend/commands/tablecmds.c
M src/test/regress/expected/foreign_key.out
M src/test/regress/sql/foreign_key.sql

Fix commit_ts for FrozenXid and BootstrapXid

commit   : 7816d13563b74379c9db618e46883c6db5fc0680    
  
author   : Alvaro Herrera <alvherre@alvh.no-ip.org>    
date     : Thu, 24 Nov 2016 15:39:55 -0300    
  
committer: Alvaro Herrera <alvherre@alvh.no-ip.org>    
date     : Thu, 24 Nov 2016 15:39:55 -0300    

Click here for diff

Previously, requesting commit timestamp for transactions  
FrozenTransactionId and BootstrapTransactionId resulted in an error.  
But since those values can validly appear in committed tuples' Xmin,  
this behavior is unhelpful and error prone: each caller would have to  
special-case those values before requesting timestamp data for an Xid.  
We already have a perfectly good interface for returning "the Xid you  
requested is too old for us to have commit TS data for it", so let's use  
that instead.  
  
Backpatch to 9.5, where commit timestamps appeared.  
  
Author: Craig Ringer  
Discussion: https://www.postgresql.org/message-id/CAMsr+YFM5Q=+ry3mKvWEqRTxrB0iU3qUSRnS28nz6FJYtBwhJg@mail.gmail.com  

M src/backend/access/transam/commit_ts.c
M src/test/modules/commit_ts/expected/commit_timestamp.out
M src/test/modules/commit_ts/expected/commit_timestamp_1.out

Make sure ALTER TABLE preserves index tablespaces.

commit   : e0375d77b691f6cab70934c63d3212a4713f66df    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Wed, 23 Nov 2016 13:45:56 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Wed, 23 Nov 2016 13:45:56 -0500    

Click here for diff

When rebuilding an existing index, ALTER TABLE correctly kept the  
physical file in the same tablespace, but it messed up the pg_class  
entry if the index had been in the database's default tablespace  
and "default_tablespace" was set to some non-default tablespace.  
This led to an inaccessible index.  
  
Fix by fixing pg_get_indexdef_string() to always include a tablespace  
clause, whether or not the index is in the default tablespace.  The  
previous behavior was installed in commit 537e92e41, and I think it just  
wasn't thought through very clearly; certainly the possible effect of  
default_tablespace wasn't considered.  There's some risk in changing the  
behavior of this function, but there are no other call sites in the core  
code.  Even if it's being used by some third party extension, it's fairly  
hard to envision a usage that is okay with a tablespace clause being  
appended some of the time but can't handle it being appended all the time.  
  
Back-patch to all supported versions.  
  
Code fix by me, investigation and test cases by Michael Paquier.  
  
Discussion: <1479294998857-5930602.post@n3.nabble.com>  

M src/backend/utils/adt/ruleutils.c
M src/test/regress/input/tablespace.source
M src/test/regress/output/tablespace.source

Doc: in back branches, don’t call it a row constructor if it isn’t really.

commit   : 3de257f602550407ba095189feb6d3db8cd02b22    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Tue, 22 Nov 2016 18:07:43 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Tue, 22 Nov 2016 18:07:43 -0500    

Click here for diff

Before commit 906bfcad7, we were not actually processing the righthand  
side of a multiple-column assignment in UPDATE as a row constructor:  
it was just a parenthesized list of expressions.  Call it that rather  
than risking confusion by people who would expect the documented behaviors  
of row constructors to apply.  
  
Back-patch to 9.5; before that, the text correctly described the construct  
as a "list of independent expressions".  
  
Discussion: <16288.1479610770@sss.pgh.pa.us>  

M doc/src/sgml/ref/update.sgml

Doc: improve documentation about composite-value usage.

commit   : ff9730aa15d4f964c0f4bb3bc73b12a9e5312e9a    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Tue, 22 Nov 2016 17:56:16 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Tue, 22 Nov 2016 17:56:16 -0500    

Click here for diff

Create a section specifically for the syntactic rules around whole-row  
variable usage, such as expansion of "foo.*".  This was previously  
documented only haphazardly, with some critical info buried in  
unexpected places like xfunc-sql-composite-functions.  Per repeated  
questions in different mailing lists.  
  
Discussion: <16288.1479610770@sss.pgh.pa.us>  

M doc/src/sgml/queries.sgml
M doc/src/sgml/rowtypes.sgml
M doc/src/sgml/syntax.sgml
M doc/src/sgml/xfunc.sgml

Doc: add a section in Part II concerning RETURNING.

commit   : 57995544497ce7e62552ce55ecdf6eca90198788    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Tue, 22 Nov 2016 14:02:52 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Tue, 22 Nov 2016 14:02:52 -0500    

Click here for diff

There are assorted references to RETURNING in Part II, but nothing  
that would qualify as an explanation of the feature, which seems  
like an oversight considering how useful it is.  Add something.  
  
Noted while looking for a place to point a cross-reference to ...  

M doc/src/sgml/dml.sgml
M doc/src/sgml/queries.sgml

Make contrib/test_decoding regression tests safe for CZ locale.

commit   : 89c2d81438da2e0bc66ed819769748d58f03a489    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Mon, 21 Nov 2016 20:39:28 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Mon, 21 Nov 2016 20:39:28 -0500    

Click here for diff

A little COLLATE "C" goes a long way.  
  
Pavel Stehule, per suggestion from Craig Ringer  
  
Discussion: <CAFj8pRA8nJZcozgxN=RMSqMmKuHVOkcGAAKPKdFeiMWGDSUDLA@mail.gmail.com>  

M contrib/test_decoding/expected/spill.out
M contrib/test_decoding/sql/spill.sql

Fix PGLC_localeconv() to handle errors better.

commit   : a0c15427df155da88c5c243129d61ce54604f66a    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Mon, 21 Nov 2016 18:21:56 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Mon, 21 Nov 2016 18:21:56 -0500    

Click here for diff

The code was intentionally not very careful about leaking strdup'd  
strings in case of an error.  That was forgivable probably, but it  
also failed to notice strdup() failures, which could lead to subsequent  
null-pointer-dereference crashes, since many callers unsurprisingly  
didn't check for null pointers in the struct lconv fields.  An even  
worse problem is that it could throw error while we were setlocale'd  
to a non-C locale, causing unwanted behavior in subsequent libc calls.  
  
Rewrite to ensure that we cannot throw elog(ERROR) until after we've  
restored the previous locale settings, or at least attempted to.  
(I'm sorely tempted to make restore failure be a FATAL error, but  
will refrain for the moment.)  Having done that, it's not much more  
work to ensure that we clean up strdup'd storage on the way out, too.  
  
This code is substantially the same in all supported branches, so  
back-patch all the way.  
  
Michael Paquier and Tom Lane  
  
Discussion: <CAB7nPqRMbGqa_mesopcn4MPyTs34eqtVEK7ELYxvvV=oqS00YA@mail.gmail.com>  

M src/backend/utils/adt/pg_locale.c

Prevent multicolumn expansion of “foo.*” in an UPDATE source expression.

commit   : aeb5e82427cb300738a97977192cbe1f9644ae60    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Sun, 20 Nov 2016 14:26:19 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Sun, 20 Nov 2016 14:26:19 -0500    

Click here for diff

Because we use transformTargetList() for UPDATE as well as SELECT  
tlists, the code accidentally tried to expand a "*" reference into  
several columns.  This is nonsensical, because the UPDATE syntax  
provides exactly one target column to put the value into.  The  
immediate result was that transformUpdateTargetList() got confused  
and reported "UPDATE target count mismatch --- internal error".  
It seems better to treat such a reference as a plain whole-row  
variable, as it would be in other contexts.  (This could produce  
useful results when the target column is of composite type.)  
  
Fix by tweaking transformTargetList() to perform *-expansion only  
conditionally, depending on its exprKind parameter.  
  
Back-patch to 9.3.  The problem exists further back, but a fix would be  
much more invasive before that, because transformTargetList() wasn't  
told what kind of list it was working on.  Doesn't seem worth the  
trouble given the lack of field reports.  (I only noticed it because  
I was checking the code while trying to improve the documentation about  
how we handle "foo.*".)  
  
Discussion: <4308.1479595330@sss.pgh.pa.us>  

M src/backend/parser/parse_target.c
M src/test/regress/expected/update.out
M src/test/regress/sql/update.sql

Code review for GUC serialization/deserialization code.

commit   : b9ee42e70a412606c01f6dbb05c2151d38f58de5    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Sat, 19 Nov 2016 14:26:20 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Sat, 19 Nov 2016 14:26:20 -0500    

Click here for diff

The serialization code dumped core for a string-valued GUC whose value  
is NULL, which is a legal state.  The infrastructure isn't capable of  
transmitting that state exactly, but fortunately, transmitting an empty  
string instead should be close enough (compare, eg, commit e45e990e4).  
  
The code potentially underestimated the space required to format a  
real-valued variable, both because it made an unwarranted assumption that  
%g output would never be longer than %e output, and because it didn't count  
right even for %e format.  In practice this would pretty much always be  
masked by overestimates for other variables, but it's still wrong.  
  
Also fix boundary-case error in read_gucstate, incorrect handling of the  
case where guc_sourcefile is non-NULL but zero length (not clear that can  
happen, but if it did, this code would get totally confused), and  
confusingly useless check for a NULL result from read_gucstate.  
  
Andreas Seltenreich discovered the core dump; other issues noted while  
reading nearby code.  Back-patch to 9.5 where this code was introduced.  
  
Michael Paquier and Tom Lane  
  
Discussion: <871sy78wno.fsf@credativ.de>  

M src/backend/utils/misc/guc.c

Improve pg_dump/pg_restore –create –if-exists logic.

commit   : a7864037d8b7fd172d870782a8024d3f96b0b17b    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Thu, 17 Nov 2016 14:59:23 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Thu, 17 Nov 2016 14:59:23 -0500    

Click here for diff

Teach it not to complain if the dropStmt attached to an archive entry  
is actually spelled CREATE OR REPLACE VIEW, since that will happen due to  
an upcoming bug fix.  Also, if it doesn't recognize a dropStmt, have it  
print a WARNING and then emit the dropStmt unmodified.  That seems like a  
much saner behavior than Assert'ing or dumping core due to a null-pointer  
dereference, which is what would happen before :-(.  
  
Back-patch to 9.4 where this option was introduced.  
  
Discussion: <19092.1479325184@sss.pgh.pa.us>  

M src/bin/pg_dump/pg_backup_archiver.c

Avoid pin scan for replay of XLOG_BTREE_VACUUM in all cases

commit   : c0db1ec2600a898ac75d14057e01fb716059a2f5    
  
author   : Alvaro Herrera <alvherre@alvh.no-ip.org>    
date     : Thu, 17 Nov 2016 13:31:30 -0300    
  
committer: Alvaro Herrera <alvherre@alvh.no-ip.org>    
date     : Thu, 17 Nov 2016 13:31:30 -0300    

Click here for diff

Replay of XLOG_BTREE_VACUUM during Hot Standby was previously thought to  
require complex interlocking that matched the requirements on the  
master. This required an O(N) operation that became a significant  
problem with large indexes, causing replication delays of seconds or in  
some cases minutes while the XLOG_BTREE_VACUUM was replayed.  
  
This commit skips the “pin scan” that was previously required, by  
observing in detail when and how it is safe to do so, with full  
documentation. The pin scan is skipped only in replay; the VACUUM code  
path on master is not touched here.  
  
No tests included. Manual tests using an additional patch to view WAL records  
and their timing have shown the change in WAL records and their handling has  
successfully reduced replication delay.  
  
This is a back-patch of commits 687f2cd7a015, 3e4b7d87988f, b60284261375  
by Simon Riggs, to branches 9.4 and 9.5.  No further backpatch is  
possible because this depends on catalog scans being MVCC.  I (Álvaro)  
additionally updated a slight problem in the README, which explains why  
this touches the 9.6 and master branches.  

M src/backend/access/nbtree/README
M src/backend/access/nbtree/nbtree.c
M src/backend/access/nbtree/nbtxlog.c
M src/include/access/nbtree.h

Allow DOS-style line endings in ~/.pgpass files.

commit   : 8951f92da48cb2866b9f694e91f57eeaac7489bb    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Tue, 15 Nov 2016 16:17:19 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Tue, 15 Nov 2016 16:17:19 -0500    

Click here for diff

On Windows, libc will mask \r\n line endings for us, since we read the  
password file in text mode.  But that doesn't happen on Unix.  People  
who share password files across both systems might have \r\n line endings  
in a file they use on Unix, so as a convenience, ignore trailing \r.  
Per gripe from Josh Berkus.  
  
In passing, put the existing check for empty line somewhere where it's  
actually useful, ie after stripping the newline not before.  
  
Vik Fearing, adjusted a bit by me  
  
Discussion: <0de37763-5843-b2cc-855e-5d0e5df25807@agliodbs.com>  

M src/interfaces/libpq/fe-connect.c

Account for catalog snapshot in PGXACT->xmin updates.

commit   : 0bc3ed98c08d01da1138886a06829a93f97c923e    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Tue, 15 Nov 2016 15:55:35 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Tue, 15 Nov 2016 15:55:35 -0500    

Click here for diff

The CatalogSnapshot was not plugged into SnapshotResetXmin()'s accounting  
for whether MyPgXact->xmin could be cleared or advanced.  In normal  
transactions this was masked by the fact that the transaction snapshot  
would be older, but during backend startup and certain utility commands  
it was possible to re-use the CatalogSnapshot after MyPgXact->xmin had  
been cleared, meaning that recently-deleted rows could be pruned even  
though this snapshot could still see them, causing unexpected catalog  
lookup failures.  This effect appears to be the explanation for a recent  
failure on buildfarm member piculet.  
  
To fix, add the CatalogSnapshot to the RegisteredSnapshots heap whenever  
it is valid.  
  
In the previous logic, it was possible for the CatalogSnapshot to remain  
valid across waits for client input, but with this change that would mean  
it delays advance of global xmin in cases where it did not before.  To  
avoid possibly causing new table-bloat problems with clients that sit idle  
for long intervals, add code to invalidate the CatalogSnapshot before  
waiting for client input.  (When the backend is busy, it's unlikely that  
the CatalogSnapshot would be the oldest snap for very long, so we don't  
worry about forcing early invalidation of it otherwise.)  
  
In passing, remove the CatalogSnapshotStale flag in favor of using  
"CatalogSnapshot != NULL" to represent validity, as we do for the other  
special snapshots in snapmgr.c.  And improve some obsolete comments.  
  
No regression test because I don't know a deterministic way to cause this  
failure.  But the stress test shown in the original discussion provokes  
"cache lookup failed for relation 1255" within a few dozen seconds for me.  
  
Back-patch to 9.4 where MVCC catalog scans were introduced.  (Note: it's  
quite easy to produce similar failures with the same test case in branches  
before 9.4.  But MVCC catalog scans were supposed to fix that.)  
  
Discussion: <16447.1478818294@sss.pgh.pa.us>  

M src/backend/tcop/postgres.c
M src/backend/utils/time/snapmgr.c
M src/include/utils/snapmgr.h

Fix typo in comment

commit   : 60de884be75cafec97cb15e60e63f72cb9035549    
  
author   : Magnus Hagander <magnus@hagander.net>    
date     : Mon, 14 Nov 2016 17:31:35 +0100    
  
committer: Magnus Hagander <magnus@hagander.net>    
date     : Mon, 14 Nov 2016 17:31:35 +0100    

Click here for diff

The function was renamed in 908e23473, but the comment never learned  
about it.  

M src/backend/utils/adt/jsonfuncs.c

Fix duplication in ALTER MATERIALIZE VIEW synopsis

commit   : f16159ce15040b0dc0b2c01b8c7345bfc594cc28    
  
author   : Alvaro Herrera <alvherre@alvh.no-ip.org>    
date     : Mon, 14 Nov 2016 11:14:34 -0300    
  
committer: Alvaro Herrera <alvherre@alvh.no-ip.org>    
date     : Mon, 14 Nov 2016 11:14:34 -0300    

Click here for diff

Commit 3c4cf080879b should have removed SET TABLESPACE from the synopsis  
of ALTER MATERIALIZE VIEW as a possible "action" when it added a  
separate line for it in the main command listing, but failed to.  
Repair.  
  
Backpatch to 9.4, like the aforementioned commit.  

M doc/src/sgml/ref/alter_materialized_view.sgml

Re-allow user_catalog_table option for materialized views.

commit   : 6e00ba1e17056b86f698e448f900bc35868f5f64    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Thu, 10 Nov 2016 15:00:58 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Thu, 10 Nov 2016 15:00:58 -0500    

Click here for diff

The reloptions stuff allows this option to be set on a matview.  
While it's questionable whether that is useful or was really intended,  
it does work, and we shouldn't change that in minor releases.  Commit  
e3e66d8a9 disabled the option since I didn't realize that it was  
possible for it to be set on a matview.  Tweak the test to re-allow it.  
  
Discussion: <19749.1478711862@sss.pgh.pa.us>  

M src/include/utils/rel.h

Fix typo

commit   : af017fc195fbf7e861cef470d5169320c45f5582    
  
author   : Magnus Hagander <magnus@hagander.net>    
date     : Tue, 8 Nov 2016 18:34:59 +0100    
  
committer: Magnus Hagander <magnus@hagander.net>    
date     : Tue, 8 Nov 2016 18:34:59 +0100    

Click here for diff

M doc/src/sgml/ref/pg_basebackup.sgml

Band-aid fix for incorrect use of view options as StdRdOptions.

commit   : e2f5cd9cf5588cc37f665fb2ca061898b5c73f2a    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Mon, 7 Nov 2016 12:08:19 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Mon, 7 Nov 2016 12:08:19 -0500    

Click here for diff

We really ought to make StdRdOptions and the other decoded forms of  
reloptions self-identifying, but for the moment, assume that only plain  
relations could possibly be user_catalog_tables.  Fixes problem with bogus  
"ON CONFLICT is not supported on table ... used as a catalog table" error  
when target is a view with cascade option.  
  
Discussion: <26681.1477940227@sss.pgh.pa.us>  

M src/include/utils/rel.h
M src/test/regress/expected/insert_conflict.out
M src/test/regress/sql/insert_conflict.sql

pg_rewing pg_upgrade: Fix translation markers

commit   : e98c3ab2bd65f0e78bce20ace477eeed76b87345    
  
author   : Peter Eisentraut <peter_e@gmx.net>    
date     : Mon, 7 Nov 2016 12:00:00 -0500    
  
committer: Peter Eisentraut <peter_e@gmx.net>    
date     : Mon, 7 Nov 2016 12:00:00 -0500    

Click here for diff

In pg_log_v(), we need to translate the fmt before processing, not the  
formatted message afterwards.  

M src/bin/pg_rewind/logging.c
M src/bin/pg_upgrade/util.c

Fix handling of symlinked pg_stat_tmp and pg_replslot

commit   : 6d779e05a03d2c06433b71b76f9b0168d47d1a3e    
  
author   : Magnus Hagander <magnus@hagander.net>    
date     : Mon, 7 Nov 2016 14:47:30 +0100    
  
committer: Magnus Hagander <magnus@hagander.net>    
date     : Mon, 7 Nov 2016 14:47:30 +0100    

Click here for diff

This was already fixed in HEAD as part of 6ad8ac60 but was not  
backpatched.  
  
Also change the way pg_xlog is handled to be the same as the other  
directories.  
  
Patch from me with pg_xlog addition from Michael Paquier, test updates  
from David Steele.  

M src/backend/replication/basebackup.c

Rationalize and document pltcl’s handling of magic “.tupno” array element.

commit   : abdc839985a396cb8516a9131e75f602ae277d27    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Sun, 6 Nov 2016 14:43:13 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Sun, 6 Nov 2016 14:43:13 -0500    

Click here for diff

For a very long time, pltcl's spi_exec and spi_execp commands have had  
a behavior of storing the current row number as an element of output  
arrays, but this was never documented.  Fix that.  
  
For an equally long time, pltcl_trigger_handler had a behavior of silently  
ignoring ".tupno" as an output column name, evidently so that the result  
of spi_exec could be used directly as a trigger result tuple.  Not sure  
how useful that really is, but in any case it's bad that it would break  
attempts to use ".tupno" as an actual column name.  We can fix it by not  
checking for ".tupno" until after we check for a column name match.  This  
comports with the effective behavior of spi_exec[p] that ".tupno" is only  
magic when you don't have an actual column named that.  
  
In passing, wordsmith the description of returning modified tuples from  
a pltcl trigger.  
  
Noted while working on Jim Nasby's patch to support composite results  
from pltcl.  The inability to return trigger tuples using ".tupno" as  
a column name is a bug, so back-patch to all supported branches.  

M doc/src/sgml/pltcl.sgml
M src/pl/tcl/pltcl.c

Need to do SPI_push/SPI_pop around expression evaluation in plpgsql.

commit   : 674877e93a1b9217c692a5671e1118136959ee74    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Sun, 6 Nov 2016 12:09:36 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Sun, 6 Nov 2016 12:09:36 -0500    

Click here for diff

We must do this in case the expression evaluation results in calling  
another plpgsql function (or, really, anything using SPI).  I missed  
the need for this when I converted exec_cast_value() from doing a  
simple InputFunctionCall() to doing ExecEvalExpr() in commit 1345cc67b.  
There is a SPI_push_conditional in InputFunctionCall(), so that there  
was no bug before that.  
  
Per bug #14414 from Marcos Castedo.  Add a regression test based on his  
example, which was that a plpgsql function in a domain check constraint  
didn't work when assigning to a domain-type variable within plpgsql.  
  
Report: <20161106010947.1387.66380@wrigleys.postgresql.org>  

M src/pl/plpgsql/src/pl_exec.c
M src/test/regress/expected/plpgsql.out
M src/test/regress/sql/plpgsql.sql

More zic cleanup.

commit   : 6e377ef0cc88851f9d077ae93f529701af81170d    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Sun, 6 Nov 2016 10:45:58 -0500    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Sun, 6 Nov 2016 10:45:58 -0500    

Click here for diff

The workaround the IANA guys chose to get rid of the clang warning  
we'd silenced in commit 23ed2ba81 turns out not to satisfy Coverity.  
Go back to the previous solution, ie, remove the useless comparison  
to SIZE_MAX.  (In principle, there could be machines out there where  
it's not useless because ptrdiff_t is wider than size_t.  But the whole  
thing is pretty academic anyway, as we could never approach this limit  
for any sane estimate of the amount of data that zic will ever be asked  
to work with.)  
  
Also, s/lineno/lineno_t/g, because if we accept their decision to start  
using "lineno" as a typedef, it is going to have very unpleasant  
consequences in our next pgindent run.  Noted that while fooling with  
pltcl yesterday.  

M src/timezone/zic.c

Remove duplicate macro definition.

commit   : 56993cd17efc71f321c3aa09d93d03d11b83b8c6    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Sat, 5 Nov 2016 11:51:46 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Sat, 5 Nov 2016 11:51:46 -0400    

Click here for diff

Seems to be a copy-and-pasteo.  Odd that we heard no reports of  
compiler warnings about it.  
  
Thomas Munro  

M src/include/access/xact.h

Back-patch portability fixes for contrib/pageinspect/ginfuncs.c.

commit   : 56d34ba5fb919dd9ee2e7aeb20e6f00610198067    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Fri, 4 Nov 2016 12:37:29 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Fri, 4 Nov 2016 12:37:29 -0400    

Click here for diff

Back-patch commits 84ad68d64 and 367b99bbb.  

M contrib/pageinspect/ginfuncs.c

Sync our copy of the timezone library with IANA tzcode master.

commit   : ac6fc1b55caa86fd7f90bf3f76b1d207aa4afcde    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Fri, 4 Nov 2016 10:44:16 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Fri, 4 Nov 2016 10:44:16 -0400    

Click here for diff

This patch absorbs some unreleased fixes for symlink manipulation bugs  
introduced in tzcode 2016g.  Ordinarily I'd wait around for a released  
version, but in this case it seems like we could do with extra testing,  
in particular checking whether it works in EDB's VMware build environment.  
This corresponds to commit aec59156abbf8472ba201b6c7ca2592f9c10e077 in  
https://github.com/eggert/tz.  
  
Per a report from Sandeep Thakkar, building in an environment where hard  
links are not supported in the timezone data installation directory failed,  
because upstream code refactoring had broken the case of symlinking from an  
existing symlink.  Further experimentation also showed that the symlinks  
were sometimes made incorrectly, with too many or too few "../"'s in the  
symlink contents.  
  
Back-patch of commit 1f87181e12beb067d21b79493393edcff14c190b.  
  
Report: <CANFyU94_p6mqRQc2i26PFp5QAOQGB++AjGX=FO8LDpXw0GSTjw@mail.gmail.com>  
Discussion: http://mm.icann.org/pipermail/tz/2016-November/024431.html  

M src/timezone/zic.c

Fix portability bug in gin_page_opaque_info().

commit   : af636d7b535cf1bcee59a60d22b712ecba5a400f    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Wed, 2 Nov 2016 00:09:28 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Wed, 2 Nov 2016 00:09:28 -0400    

Click here for diff

Somebody apparently thought that "if Int32GetDatum is good,  
Int64GetDatum must be better".  Per buildfarm failures now  
that Peter has added some regression tests here.  

M contrib/pageinspect/ginfuncs.c

Fix nasty performance problem in tsquery_rewrite().

commit   : e0491c19d5cf7b398b45b620d238339737078109    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Sun, 30 Oct 2016 17:35:42 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Sun, 30 Oct 2016 17:35:42 -0400    

Click here for diff

tsquery_rewrite() tries to find matches to subsets of AND/OR conditions;  
for example, in the query 'a | b | c' the substitution subquery 'a | c'  
should match and lead to replacement of the first and third items.  
That's fine, but the matching algorithm apparently takes about O(2^N)  
for an N-clause query (I say "apparently" because the code is also both  
unintelligible and uncommented).  We could probably do better than that  
even without any extra assumptions --- but actually, we know that the  
subclauses are sorted, indeed are depending on that elsewhere in this very  
same function.  So we can just scan the two lists a single time to detect  
matches, as though we were doing a merge join.  
  
Also do a re-flattening call (QTNTernary()) in tsquery_rewrite_query, just  
to make sure that the tree fits the expectations of the next search cycle.  
I didn't try to devise a test case for this, but I'm pretty sure that the  
oversight could have led to failure to match in some cases where a match  
would be expected.  
  
Improve comments, and also stick a CHECK_FOR_INTERRUPTS into  
dofindsubquery, just in case it's still too slow for somebody.  
  
Per report from Andreas Seltenreich.  Back-patch to all supported branches.  
  
Discussion: <8760oasf2y.fsf@credativ.de>  

M src/backend/utils/adt/tsquery_rewrite.c

Fix bogus tree-flattening logic in QTNTernary().

commit   : de7387604bb695ab9f688f6cdaeb3efd3a221006    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Sun, 30 Oct 2016 15:24:40 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Sun, 30 Oct 2016 15:24:40 -0400    

Click here for diff

QTNTernary() contains logic to flatten, eg, '(a & b) & c' into 'a & b & c',  
which is all well and good, but it tries to do that to NOT nodes as well,  
so that '!!a' gets changed to '!a'.  Explicitly restrict the conversion to  
be done only on AND and OR nodes, and add a test case illustrating the bug.  
  
In passing, provide some comments for the sadly naked functions in  
tsquery_util.c, and simplify some baroque logic in QTNFree(), which  
I think may have been leaking some items it intended to free.  
  
Noted while investigating a complaint from Andreas Seltenreich.  
Back-patch to all supported versions.  

M src/backend/utils/adt/tsquery_util.c
M src/test/regress/expected/tsearch.out
M src/test/regress/sql/tsearch.sql

Improve speed of aggregates that use array_append as transition function.

commit   : 7151e72d7fe3b43a810583c6f3a90d6fcde61760    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Sun, 30 Oct 2016 12:27:41 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Sun, 30 Oct 2016 12:27:41 -0400    

Click here for diff

In the previous coding, if an aggregate's transition function returned an  
expanded array, nodeAgg.c and nodeWindowAgg.c would always copy it and thus  
force it into the flat representation.  This led to ping-ponging between  
flat and expanded formats, which costs a lot.  For an aggregate using  
array_append as transition function, I measured about a 15X slowdown  
compared to the pre-9.5 code, when working on simple int[] arrays.  
Of course, the old code was already O(N^2) in this usage due to copying  
flat arrays all the time, but it wasn't quite this inefficient.  
  
To fix, teach nodeAgg.c and nodeWindowAgg.c to allow expanded transition  
values without copying, so long as the transition function takes care to  
return the transition value already properly parented under the aggcontext.  
That puts a bit of extra responsibility on the transition function, but  
doing it this way allows us to not need any extra logic in the fast path  
of advance_transition_function (ie, with a pass-by-value transition value,  
or with a modified-in-place pass-by-reference value).  We already know  
that that's a hot spot so I'm loath to add any cycles at all there.  Also,  
while only array_append currently knows how to follow this convention,  
this solution allows other transition functions to opt-in without needing  
to have a whitelist in the core aggregation code.  
  
(The reason we would need a whitelist is that currently, if you pass a  
R/W expanded-object pointer to an arbitrary function, it's allowed to do  
anything with it including deleting it; that breaks the core agg code's  
assumption that it should free discarded values.  Returning a value under  
aggcontext is the transition function's signal that it knows it is an  
aggregate transition function and will play nice.  Possibly the API rules  
for expanded objects should be refined, but that would not be a  
back-patchable change.)  
  
With this fix, an aggregate using array_append is no longer O(N^2), so it's  
much faster than pre-9.5 code rather than much slower.  It's still a bit  
slower than the bespoke infrastructure for array_agg, but the differential  
seems to be only about 10%-20% rather than orders of magnitude.  
  
Discussion: <6315.1477677885@sss.pgh.pa.us>  

M doc/src/sgml/xaggr.sgml
M src/backend/executor/nodeAgg.c
M src/backend/executor/nodeWindowAgg.c
M src/backend/optimizer/util/clauses.c
M src/backend/utils/adt/array_userfuncs.c

If the stats collector dies during Hot Standby, restart it.

commit   : 0cbd199fd93ed01b0b2c3e120c5603b7f101efdf    
  
author   : Robert Haas <rhaas@postgresql.org>    
date     : Thu, 27 Oct 2016 14:27:40 -0400    
  
committer: Robert Haas <rhaas@postgresql.org>    
date     : Thu, 27 Oct 2016 14:27:40 -0400    

Click here for diff

This bug exists as far back as 9.0, when Hot Standby was introduced,  
so back-patch to all supported branches.  
  
Report and patch by Takayuki Tsunakawa, reviewed by Michael Paquier  
and Kuntal Ghosh.  

M src/backend/postmaster/postmaster.c

Fix possible pg_basebackup failure on standby with “include WAL”.

commit   : ef18cb7da6ab0bde676ad8f7b17452d7cd8f7970    
  
author   : Robert Haas <rhaas@postgresql.org>    
date     : Thu, 27 Oct 2016 11:19:51 -0400    
  
committer: Robert Haas <rhaas@postgresql.org>    
date     : Thu, 27 Oct 2016 11:19:51 -0400    

Click here for diff

If a restartpoint flushed no dirty buffers, it could fail to update  
the minimum recovery point, leading to a minimum recovery point prior  
to the starting REDO location.  perform_base_backup() would interpret  
that as meaning that no WAL files at all needed to be included in the  
backup, failing an internal sanity check.  To fix, have restartpoints  
always update the minimum recovery point to just after the checkpoint  
record itself, so that the file (or files) containing the checkpoint  
record will always be included in the backup.  
  
Code by Amit Kapila, per a design suggestion by me, with some  
additional work on the code comment by me.  Test case by Michael  
Paquier.  Report by Kyotaro Horiguchi.  

M src/backend/access/transam/xlog.c

Fix incorrect trigger-property updating in ALTER CONSTRAINT.

commit   : b53c841e5e289a34fde848d44b3d0b2b0ed5cad8    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Wed, 26 Oct 2016 17:05:06 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Wed, 26 Oct 2016 17:05:06 -0400    

Click here for diff

The code to change the deferrability properties of a foreign-key constraint  
updated all the associated triggers to match; but a moment's examination of  
the code that creates those triggers in the first place shows that only  
some of them should track the constraint's deferrability properties.  This  
leads to odd failures in subsequent exercise of the foreign key, as the  
triggers are fired at the wrong times.  Fix that, and add a regression test  
comparing the trigger properties produced by ALTER CONSTRAINT with those  
you get by creating the constraint as-intended to begin with.  
  
Per report from James Parks.  Back-patch to 9.4 where this ALTER  
functionality was introduced.  
  
Report: <CAJ3Xv+jzJ8iNNUcp4RKW8b6Qp1xVAxHwSXVpjBNygjKxcVuE9w@mail.gmail.com>  

M src/backend/commands/tablecmds.c
M src/test/regress/expected/alter_table.out
M src/test/regress/sql/alter_table.sql

commit   : 59f5b61cce3cfdfca3dc1a3f68307a47156d6a97    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Wed, 26 Oct 2016 13:40:41 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Wed, 26 Oct 2016 13:40:41 -0400    

Click here for diff

I broke this in commit f3094920a.  Apparently it's dead code anyway,  
at least as far as our buildfarm is concerned (and the upstream IANA  
code doesn't worry at all about symlink() not being present).  
But as long as the rest of our code is willing to guard against not  
having symlink(), this should too.  Noted while investigating a  
tangentially-related complaint from Sandeep Thakkar.  
  
Back-patch to keep branches in sync.  

M src/timezone/zic.c

Doc: improve documentation about inheritance.

commit   : afb10b3b298c1012908a7d0f491a6a852c64e38d    
  
author   : Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Wed, 26 Oct 2016 11:46:26 -0400    
  
committer: Tom Lane <tgl@sss.pgh.pa.us>    
date     : Wed, 26 Oct 2016 11:46:26 -0400    

Click here for diff

Clarify documentation about inheritance of check constraints, in  
particular mentioning the NO INHERIT option, which didn't exist when  
this text was written.  
  
Document that in an inherited query, the applicable row security policies  
are those of the explicitly-named table, not its children.  This is the  
intended behavior (per off-list discussion with Stephen Frost), and there  
are regression tests for it, but it wasn't documented anywhere user-facing  
as far as I could find.  
  
Do a bit of wordsmithing on the description of inherited access-privilege  
checks.  
  
Back-patch to 9.5 where RLS was added.  

M doc/src/sgml/ddl.sgml